BIOGRAPHY OF CHARLES II KING SCOTLAND, II KING ENGLAND, SCOTLAND AND IRELAND 1630-1685

GENERAL

Descent English Royalty: Son Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland

Descent French Royalty: Grandson Henry IV King France

EVENTS

On 29 May 1630 Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 was born to Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (29) and Henrietta Maria Bourbon 1609-1669 (20) at St James' Palace, St James', Westminster

On 29 May 1630 Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 was created as Duke Cornwall and Duke Rothesay.

On 27 Jun 1630 Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 was baptised by William Laud Archbishop Canterbury 1573-1645 (56) at Chapel Royal, St James' Palace, St James', Westminster. Louis XIII King France 1601-1643 (28) and Marie Medici

In 1638 Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (7) was appointed 437th Knight Garter: Charles I

On 23 Oct 1642 the Battle of Edge Hill was fought at Edge Hill, Warwickshire. The Royal army was commanded by Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (41) (with his son Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (12) present), Rupert Palatinate-Simmern 1st Duke Cumberland 1619-1682 (22) and Richard Spencer 1593-1661 (49), and included Maurice Palatinate-Simmern 1621-1652 (21), Richard Byron 2nd Baron Byron 1606-1679 (36), Lucius Carey 2nd Viscount Falkland 1610-1643 (32), Charles Cavendish 1620-1643 (22), Spencer Compton 2nd Earl Northampton 1601-1643 (41), Thomas Salusbury 1612-1643 (30) and William Feilding 1st Earl Denbigh 1587-1643 (55). George Stewart 1618-1642 (24) and Robert Bertie 1582-1642 1st Earl Lindsey 1582-1642 (59) were killed. Of the Parliamentary army Basil Feilding 2nd Earl Denbigh 1608-1675 (34) and Robert Devereux 3rd Earl Essex 1591-1646 (51). Oliver St John 5th Baron St John Bletso 1603-1642 (39) was wounded.

In 1643 Bulstrode Whitelock 1605-1675 (37) sent to negotiate with Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (12)

In 1644 Bulstrode Whitelock 1605-1675 (38) sent to negotiate with Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (13)

Around Apr 1646 Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (15) stayed at Pendennis Castle, Falmouth, Cornwall

Around Apr 1646 Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (15) travelled to at Isles of Scilly, Cornwall

Around Apr 1646 Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (15) travelled to at Jersey

Around Apr 1646 Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (15) travelled to at France

In 1648 Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (17) travelled to where his sister Mary Stewart 1631-1660 (16) and brother in law William Orange-Nassau II Prince Orange 1626-1650 (21) were living at The Hague, Flanders.

Around Jul 1648 Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (18) natural Lucy Walter 1630-1658 (18)

On 09 Apr 1649 James Scott 1st Duke Monmouth, 1st Duke Buccleuch 1649-1685 was born to Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (18) and Lucy Walter 1630-1658 (19) at Rotterdam, Flanders

On Jul 1649 Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (19) stayed at Saint-Germain-en-Laye, Yvelines

On Sep 1649 Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (19) travelled to at Jersey

In 1650 Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (19) natural Elizabeth Killigrew 1622-1680 (27)

Around 1650 Charlotte Jemima Henrietta Maria Fitzroy 1650-1684 was born to Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (19) and Elizabeth Killigrew 1622-1680 (27)

On 01 Jan 1651 Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (20) was crowned II King Scotland: Stewart at Scone Abbey, Scone

On 03 Sep 1651 at the Battle of Worcester Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (21) Oliver Cromwell Lord Protector 1599-1658 (52) commanded the Parliamentary army with Charles Howard 1st Earl Carlisle 1629-1685 (22). In the Royalist army Francis Talbot 11th Earl Shrewsbury, 11th Earl Waterford 1623-1667 (28), Thomas Blagge 1613-1660 (38) and Archibald Campbell 9th Earl Argyll 1629-1685 (22) fought. Thomas Wentworth 1st Earl Cleveland 1591-1667 (60) was captured. Giles Strangeways 1615-1675 (36) provided 300 gold pieces to Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (21)

After 03 Sep 1651 Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 hid at Royal Oak, Boscobel House, Boscobel, Shropshire

On 16 Oct 1651 Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (21) landed at Normandy, France

On 02 Apr 1656 the Treaty of Brussels agreeing mutual support between England (Royal) and Spain was signed by Henry Wilmot 1st Earl Rochester 1612-1658 (43) and James Butler 1st Duke Ormonde 1610-1688 (45) on behalf of Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (25), and Alonso Cárdenas on behalf of Philip IV King Spain 1605-1665 (50).

Before 1657 Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 natural Catherine Pegge 1635-

In 1657 Charles "Don Carlo" Fitzcharles 1st Earl Plymouth 1657-1680 was born to Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (26) and Catherine Braganza

In 1658 Catherine Fitzcharles 1658-1759 was born to Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (27) and Catherine Braganza

Around Apr 1660 Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (29) natural Barbara Villiers 1st Duchess Cleveland 1640-1709 (19)

On 08 May 1660 Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (29) received a letter inviting him to return to England and become King at Breda, Flanders

Before 25 May 1660 Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 left at Scheveningen, Flanders

On 25 May 1660 Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (29) arrived at Dover, Kent

On 29 May 1660 Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (30) succeeded II King England, Scotland and Ireland: Stewart

On 06 Jun 1660 John Talbot 1630-1714 (29) was knighted by Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (30) at Whitehall Palace, Westminster

In 1661 Roger Palmer 1st Earl Castlemaine 1634-1705 (27) was created 1st Earl Castlemaine, 1st Baron Limerick by Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (30) to Roger Palmer 1st Earl Castlemaine 1634-1705 (27) in gratitude for allowing his wife Barbara Villiers 1st Duchess Cleveland 1640-1709 (20) to become the King's mistress.

Around 1661. John Michael Wright 1617-1694 (43). Portrait of Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (30) in his coronation robes.

On 25 Feb 1661 Anne Fitzroy 1661-1722 was born to Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (30) and Barbara Villiers 1st Duchess Cleveland 1640-1709 (20) at Westminster

On 23 Apr 1661 Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (30) was crowned II King England, Scotland and Ireland: Stewart at Westminster Abbey, Westminster during the Coronation Charles II

In 1662 Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (31) sold to his cousin Louis "Sun King" XIV King France 1638-1715 (23) for around £375,000 at Dunkirk, France

On 21 May 1662 Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (31) and Catherine Braganza were married at Portsmouth, Hampshire

On 18 Jun 1662 Charles Fitzroy 1st Duke Southampton, 2nd Duke Cleveland 1662-1730 was born to Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (32) and Barbara Villiers 1st Duchess Cleveland 1640-1709 (21)

On 28 Sep 1663 Henry Fitzroy 1st Duke Grafton 1663-1690 was born to Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (33) and Barbara Villiers 1st Duchess Cleveland 1640-1709 (22)

On 05 Sep 1664 Charlotte Fitzroy 1664-1718 was born to Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (34) and Barbara Villiers 1st Duchess Cleveland 1640-1709 (23)

On Jul 1665 Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (35) travelled to at Salisbury, Wiltshire during the Great Plague of London

On 28 Dec 1665 George Fitzroy 1st Duke Northumberland 1665-1716 was born to Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (35) and Barbara Villiers 1st Duchess Cleveland 1640-1709 (25) at Merton College, Oxford University, Oxford, Oxfordshire

On Feb 1666 Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (35) returned at City of London

Before 1670 Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 natural Nell Gwyn 1650-1687

On 08 May 1670 Charles Beauclerk 1st Duke St Albans 1670-1726 was born to Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (39) and Nell Gwyn 1650-1687 (20)

In 1671 Henry Hobart 1657-1698 (14) was knighted by Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (40) at Blickling, Norfolk

Before 1672 Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 natural Louise Kéroualle 1st Duchess Portsmouth 1649-1734

On 29 Jul 1672 Charles Lennox 1st Duke Richmond 1672-1723 was born to Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (42) and Louise Kéroualle 1st Duchess Portsmouth 1649-1734 (22)

On 19 Aug 1673 Louise Kéroualle 1st Duchess Portsmouth 1649-1734 (23) was created 1st Duke Portsmouth, 1st Earl Fareham, 1st Baron Petersfield for life for being the mistress of Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (43).

On 01 Oct 1674 George Fitzroy 1st Duke Northumberland 1665-1716 (8) was created 1st Earl Northumberland (4C 1674), 1st Viscount Falmouth, 1st Baron Pontefract by Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (44) for being his illegitimate son.

On 09 Aug 1675 Charles Lennox 1st Duke Richmond 1672-1723 (3) was created 1st Duke Richmond (3C 1675), 1st Earl March (4C 1675), 1st Baron Settrington by Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (45) for being his illegitimate son.

On 21 Dec 1676 Charles Beauclerk 1st Duke St Albans 1670-1726 (6) was created 1st Earl Burford, 1st Baron Heddington by Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (46) for being his illegitimate son.

On 10 Apr 1678 Christopher Hussey 1599-1686 (79) swore allegiance to Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (47) (the first to do so) at Hampton, Rockingham County, New Hampshire

In 1679 John Robartes 1st Earl Radnor 1606-1685 (73) was created 1st Earl Radnor (1C 1679), 1st Viscount Bodmin by Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (48) in reward for having supported Charles' brother James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (45)'s future accession.

On 06 Apr 1683 George Fitzroy 1st Duke Northumberland 1665-1716 (17) was created 1st Duke Northumberland (2C 1683) by Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (52) for being his illegitimate son.

On 05 Jan 1684 Charles Beauclerk 1st Duke St Albans 1670-1726 (13) was created 1st Duke St Albans (1C 1684) by Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (53) for being his illegitimate son.

On 05 Feb 1685 Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (54) received into the Catholic Church.

On 06 Feb 1685 Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (54) died at Whitehall Palace, Westminster

On 14 Feb 1685 Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 was buried at Westminster Abbey, Westminster

ANCESTRY

Father: Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (Son James VI King Scotland, I King England, Scotland and Ireland)

GrandFather: James VI King Scotland, I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1566-1625 (2G Grandson Henry VII King England and Ireland)

1G GrandFather: Henry "Lord Darnley" Stewart 1545-1567 (1G Grandson Henry VII King England and Ireland)

2G GrandFather: Matthew Stewart 4th Earl Lennox 1516-1571 (4G Grandson Edward III King England)

3G GrandFather: John Stewart 3rd Earl Lennox 1490-1526 (5G Grandson Edward III King England)

4G GrandFather: Matthew Stewart 2nd Earl Lennox -1513 (10G Grandson Edward III King England)

4G GrandMother: Elizabeth Hamilton 1474- (4G Granddaughter Edward III King England)

3G GrandMother: Isabel or Elizabeth Stewart (3G Granddaughter Edward III King England)

4G GrandFather: John Stewart 1st Earl Atholl 1440- (2G Grandson Edward III King England)

4G GrandMother: Eleanor Sinclair

2G GrandMother: Margaret Douglas 1515-1578 (Granddaughter Henry VII King England and Ireland)

3G GrandFather: Archibald Douglas 6th Earl Angus 1489-1557 (10G Grandson John "Lackland" I King England)

4G GrandFather: George Douglas 1469-1513 (9G Grandson John "Lackland" I King England)

4G GrandMother: Elizabeth Drummond

3G GrandMother: Margaret Tudor 1489-1541 (Daughter Henry VII King England and Ireland)

4G GrandFather: Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 (3G Grandson Edward III King England)

4G GrandMother: Elizabeth York Queen Consort England 1466-1503 (Daughter Edward IV King England)

1G GrandMother: Mary "Queen of Scots" Stewart I Queen Scotland 1542-1587 (1G Granddaughter Henry VII King England and Ireland)

2G GrandFather: James V King Scotland 1512-1542 (Grandson Henry VII King England and Ireland)

3G GrandFather: James IV King Scotland 1473-1513 (4G Grandson Edward III King England)

4G GrandFather: James III King Scotland 1451-1488 (3G Grandson Edward III King England)

4G GrandMother: Margaret Oldenburg Queen Consort Scotland 1456-1486

3G GrandMother: Margaret Tudor 1489-1541 (Daughter Henry VII King England and Ireland)

4G GrandFather: Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 (3G Grandson Edward III King England)

4G GrandMother: Elizabeth York Queen Consort England 1466-1503 (Daughter Edward IV King England)

2G GrandMother: Mary Guise Queen Consort Scotland 1515-1560 (6G Granddaughter Edward III King England)

3G GrandFather: Claude Guise Duke Guise 1496-1550

3G GrandMother: Antoinette Bourbon 1493-1583 (5G Granddaughter Edward III King England)

4G GrandFather: Francis Bourbon Count Vendôme 1470-1495 (8G Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

4G GrandMother: Marie Luxembourg (4G Granddaughter Edward III King England)

GrandMother: Anne Oldenburg 1574-1619

1G GrandFather: Frederick II King Denmark 1534-1588

2G GrandFather: Christian III King Denmark 1503-1559

3G GrandFather: Frederick I King Denmark 1471-1533

Mother: Henrietta Maria Bourbon 1609-1669 (8G Granddaughter Edward III King England)

GrandFather: Henry IV King France 1553-1610 (7G Grandson Edward III King England)

1G GrandFather: Antoine King Navarre 1518-1562 (6G Grandson Edward III King England)

2G GrandFather: Charles Bourbon Duke Vendôme 1489-1527 (5G Grandson Edward III King England)

3G GrandFather: Francis Bourbon Count Vendôme 1470-1495 (8G Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

4G GrandFather: John Bourbon VIII Count Vendôme 1428-1477 (7G Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

4G GrandMother: Isabelle Beauvau

3G GrandMother: Marie Luxembourg (4G Granddaughter Edward III King England)

4G GrandFather: Peter Luxembourg II Count Saint-Pol 1440-1492 (3G Grandson Edward III King England)

4G GrandMother: Margaret Savoy 1439-1495 (8G Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

2G GrandMother: Françoise Valois-Alençon (6G Granddaughter Henry III King England)

3G GrandFather: Rene Valois-Alençon Duke Alençon 1454-1492 (5G Grandson Henry III King England)

4G GrandFather: Jean Valois-Alençon II Duke Alençon 1409-1476 (4G Grandson Henry III King England)

4G GrandMother: Marie Armagnac 1420-1473 (6G Granddaughter Henry III King England)

3G GrandMother: Margaret Lorraine 1463-1521 (7G Granddaughter Edward "Longshanks" I King England)

4G GrandFather: Frederick Lorraine Count Vaudémont 1428-1470

4G GrandMother: Yolande Valois-Anjou 1428-1483 (6G Granddaughter Edward "Longshanks" I King England)

1G GrandMother: Jeanne Albret III Queen Navarre 1528-1572 (8G Granddaughter Henry III King England)

2G GrandFather: Henry II King Navarre 1503-1555 (8G Grandson Edward "Longshanks" I King England)

3G GrandFather: Jean III King Navarre 1469-1516 (10G Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

4G GrandFather: Alain "Great" Albret 1440-1522 (9G Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

4G GrandMother: Francois Chatillon

3G GrandMother: Catherine Grailly I Queen Navarre -1517 (7G Granddaughter Edward "Longshanks" I King England)

4G GrandFather: Gaston Grailly V Count Foix 1443-1470 (7G Grandson Henry III King England)

4G GrandMother: Magdalena Valois 1443-1495 (6G Granddaughter Edward "Longshanks" I King England)

2G GrandMother: Marguerite Valois-Orleans Queen Consort Navarre 1492-1549 (7G Granddaughter Henry III King England)

3G GrandFather: Charles Valois-Orleans Count Angoulême 1459-1496 (6G Grandson Henry III King England)

4G GrandFather: John Valois-Orleans 1399-1467 (5G Grandson Henry III King England)

4G GrandMother: Marguerite Rohan

3G GrandMother: Louise Savoy

GrandMother: Marie Medici