BIOGRAPHY OF JAMES BUTLER 1ST EARL WILTSHIRE, 5TH EARL ORMONDE 1420-1461

GENERAL

Paternal Family Tree: NORMANDY

Descent English Royalty: 4G Grandson Edward "Longshanks" I King England

Descent French Royalty: 8G Grandson Louis VII King Franks

Descent Royal House of Wessex: 11G Grandson Edmund "Ironside" I King England

EVENTS

On 24 Nov 1420 James Butler 1st Earl Wiltshire, 5th Earl Ormonde was born to James "White Earl" Butler 4th Earl Ormonde (27) and Joan Beauchamp at Kilkenny

In 1449 James Butler 1st Earl Wiltshire, 5th Earl Ormonde (28) was created 1st Earl Wiltshire (3C 1449)

In 1451 James Butler 1st Earl Wiltshire, 5th Earl Ormonde (30) was appointed as Lord Deputy of Ireland

On 23 Aug 1452 James Butler 1st Earl Wiltshire, 5th Earl Ormonde (31) succeeded 5th Earl Ormonde (1C 1328)

In 1454 James Butler 1st Earl Wiltshire, 5th Earl Ormonde (33) was appointed as Lord High Treasurer

On 22 May 1455 at the First Battle of St Albans. The Lancastrians Edmund Beaufort 2nd Duke Somerset (49) , Henry Percy 2nd Earl Northumberland (62) , William Cotton, Thomas Clifford 8th Baron Clifford (41) and Richard Fortescue (41) were killed. Humphrey Stafford 1st Duke Buckingham (52) was wounded and captured. Henry VI King England, II King France (33) , John Dudley 1st Baron Dudley (54) and Edmund Dudley (30) were captured. Henry Beaufort 3rd Duke Somerset (19) was wounded. James Butler 1st Earl Wiltshire, 5th Earl Ormonde (34) and John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock (55) fought.

In 1459 James Butler 1st Earl Wiltshire, 5th Earl Ormonde (38) was appointed 177th Knight Garter: Henry VI

On 30 Dec 1460 the Lancastrian army took their revenge for the defeats of the First Battle of St Albans and the Battle of Northampton during the Battle of Wakefield at Sandal Castle. The Lancastrian army was commanded by Henry Holland 3rd Duke Exeter (30) and Henry Percy 3rd Earl Northumberland (39) , and included John Courtenay 15th Earl Devon (25) and William Gascoigne (30) , both knighted, and James Butler 1st Earl Wiltshire, 5th Earl Ormonde (40) , John "Butcher" Clifford 9th Baron Clifford (25) , John Neville 1st Baron Neville Raby (50) , Thomas Ros 9th Baron Ros Helmsley (33) and Thomas St Leger (20) .

On 02 Feb 1461 at the Battle of Mortimer's Cross at Wigmore the future Edward IV King England (18) commanded the Yorkist forces including William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings (30) , John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock (61) , John Tuchet 6th Baron Audley Heighley, 3rd Baron Tuchet (35) , John Savage (17) and Roger Vaughan (51) . In the Lancastrian army Owen Tudor (61) (captured by Roger Vaughan (51) ) and his son Jasper Tudor 1st Duke Bedford (29) fought as well as James Butler 1st Earl Wiltshire, 5th Earl Ormonde (40) . Gruffydd ap Nicholas Deheubarth (68) was killed.

On 29 Mar 1461 at the Battle of Towton those who fought for the Lancaster included William Tailboys 7th Baron Kyme (46) , John Dudley 1st Baron Dudley (60) , William Norreys (20) , Thomas Grey, Robert Hungerford 3rd Baron Hungerford (30) , John Talbot 3rd Earl Shrewsbury, 3rd Earl Waterford (12) , Richard Welles 7th Baron Willoughby Eresby, 7th Baron Welles (33) , Richard Woodville 1st Earl Rivers (56) , James Butler 1st Earl Wiltshire, 5th Earl Ormonde (40) , John Butler 6th Earl Ormonde (12) , William Beaumont 2nd Viscount Beaumont (22) and Thomas Tresham (41) . Cardinal John Morton (41) was captured.

On 01 May 1461 James Butler 1st Earl Wiltshire, 5th Earl Ormonde (40) was beheaded at Newcastle on Tyne

James Butler 1st Earl Wiltshire, 5th Earl Ormonde and Avice Stafford were married

James Butler 1st Earl Wiltshire, 5th Earl Ormonde and Eleanor Beaufort were married

ANCESTRY

Father: James "White Earl" Butler 4th Earl Ormonde (3G Grandson Edward "Longshanks" I King England)

GrandFather: James Butler 3rd Earl Ormonde (2G Grandson Edward "Longshanks" I King England)

1G GrandFather: James Butler 2nd Earl Ormonde (1G Grandson Edward "Longshanks" I King England)

2G GrandFather: James Butler 1st Earl Ormonde

3G GrandFather: Edmund Butler Earl Carrick

4G GrandFather: Theobald Butler

4G GrandMother: Joan Fitzjohn

2G GrandMother: Eleanor Bohun (Granddaughter Edward "Longshanks" I King England)

3G GrandFather: Humphrey Bohun 4th Earl Hereford, 3rd Earl Essex

4G GrandFather: Humphrey Bohun 3rd Earl Hereford, 2nd Earl Essex

4G GrandMother: Maud Fiennes

3G GrandMother: Elizabeth Plantagenet (Daughter Edward "Longshanks" I King England)

4G GrandFather: Edward "Longshanks" I King England (Son Henry III King England)

4G GrandMother: Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England (2G Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

1G GrandMother: Elizabeth Darcy

2G GrandFather: John Darcy 1st Baron Darcy Knayth

3G GrandFather: Roger Darcy

3G GrandMother: Isabel Aton

2G GrandMother: Joan Burgh

3G GrandFather: Richard "Red Earl" Burgh 2nd Earl Ulster

4G GrandFather: Walter Burgh 1st Earl Ulster

3G GrandMother: Margaret Burgh

4G GrandFather: John Burgh

GrandMother: Anne Welles (6G Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

1G GrandFather: John Welles 4th Baron Welles

2G GrandFather: Adam Welles 3rd Baron Welles

3G GrandFather: Adam Welles 1st Baron Ughtred

2G GrandMother: Margaret Bardolf

3G GrandFather: Thomas Bardolf 2nd Baron Bardolf

4G GrandFather: Hugh Bardolf 1st Baron Bardolf

3G GrandMother: Agnes Grandison

4G GrandFather: William Grandison 1st Baron Grandison

4G GrandMother: Sibylla Tregoz

1G GrandMother: Maud Ros (5G Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

2G GrandFather: William Ros 2nd Baron Ros Helmsley

3G GrandFather: William Ros 1st Baron Ros Helmsley

4G GrandFather: Robert Ros

4G GrandMother: Isabel Dalbini

3G GrandMother: Maud Vaux

4G GrandFather: John Vaux

2G GrandMother: Margery Badlesmere (4G Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

3G GrandFather: Bartholomew Badlesmere 1st Baron Badlesmere

4G GrandFather: Gunselin Badlesmere

4G GrandMother: Joan Fitzbernard

3G GrandMother: Margaret Clare (3G Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

4G GrandFather: Thomas Clare (4G Grandson Henry "Beauclearc" I King England)

4G GrandMother: Juliana Fitzgerald (2G Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

Mother: Joan Beauchamp (3G Granddaughter Edward "Longshanks" I King England)

GrandFather: William Beauchamp 1st Baron Bergavenny (5G Grandson John "Lackland" I King England)

1G GrandFather: Thomas Beauchamp 11th Earl Warwick (5G Grandson Henry "Beauclearc" I King England)

2G GrandFather: Guy Beauchamp 10th Earl Warwick

3G GrandFather: William Beauchamp 9th Earl Warwick

4G GrandFather: William Beauchamp

4G GrandMother: Isabel Maudit

3G GrandMother: Maud Fitzjohn

4G GrandFather: John Fitzpeter

4G GrandMother: Isabel Bigod

2G GrandMother: Alice Tosny (4G Granddaughter Henry "Beauclearc" I King England)

3G GrandFather: Roger Tosny (3G Grandson Henry "Beauclearc" I King England)

4G GrandFather: Ralph Tosny VI Lord Flamstead (2G Grandson Henry "Beauclearc" I King England)

4G GrandMother: Petronilla Lacy

3G GrandMother: Alice Bohun

4G GrandFather: Humphrey Bohun 2nd Earl Hereford, 1st Earl Essex

4G GrandMother: Matilda Lusignan

1G GrandMother: Katherine Mortimer (4G Granddaughter John "Lackland" I King England)

2G GrandFather: Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March (3G Grandson John "Lackland" I King England)

3G GrandFather: Edmund Mortimer 2nd Baron Mortimer Wigmore (2G Grandson John "Lackland" I King England)

4G GrandFather: Roger Mortimer 1st Baron Mortimer Wigmore (1G Grandson John "Lackland" I King England)

4G GrandMother: Maud Braose

3G GrandMother: Margaret Fiennes (4G Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

4G GrandFather: William Fiennes

4G GrandMother: Blanche Beaumont (3G Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

2G GrandMother: Joan Geneville Baroness Geneville (7G Granddaughter Henry "Beauclearc" I King England)

3G GrandFather: Piers Geneville

4G GrandFather: Geoffrey Geneville 1st Baron Geneville

4G GrandMother: Maud Lacy

3G GrandMother: Jeanne Lusignan (6G Granddaughter Henry "Beauclearc" I King England)

4G GrandFather: Hugh Lusignan XII Count Lusignan, VII Count La Marche, III Count Angoulême (5G Grandson Henry "Beauclearc" I King England)

4G GrandMother: Jeanne Fougères

GrandMother: Joan Fitzalan (2G Granddaughter Edward "Longshanks" I King England)

1G GrandFather: Richard Fitzalan 9th Earl Surrey, 11th Earl Arundel (2G Grandson Henry III King England)

2G GrandFather: Richard Fitzalan 10th Earl Arundel, 8th Earl Surrey (5G Grandson John "Lackland" I King England)

3G GrandFather: Edmund Fitzalan 9th Earl Arundel (4G Grandson John "Lackland" I King England)

4G GrandFather: Richard Fitzalan 8th Earl Arundel (3G Grandson John "Lackland" I King England)

4G GrandMother: Alice Saluzzo

3G GrandMother: Alice Warenne

4G GrandFather: William Warenne

4G GrandMother: Joan Vere

2G GrandMother: Eleanor Plantagenet (1G Granddaughter Henry III King England)

3G GrandFather: Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl Leicester, 3rd Earl Lancaster (Grandson Henry III King England)

4G GrandFather: Edmund Crouchback Plantagenet 1st Earl Leicester, 1st Earl Lancaster (Son Henry III King England)

4G GrandMother: Blanche Capet (2G Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

3G GrandMother: Maud Chaworth

4G GrandFather: Patrick Chaworth

4G GrandMother: Isabella Beauchamp

1G GrandMother: Elizabeth Bohun (1G Granddaughter Edward "Longshanks" I King England)

2G GrandFather: William Bohun 1st Earl Northampton (Grandson Edward "Longshanks" I King England)

3G GrandFather: Humphrey Bohun 4th Earl Hereford, 3rd Earl Essex

4G GrandFather: Humphrey Bohun 3rd Earl Hereford, 2nd Earl Essex

4G GrandMother: Maud Fiennes

3G GrandMother: Elizabeth Plantagenet (Daughter Edward "Longshanks" I King England)

4G GrandFather: Edward "Longshanks" I King England (Son Henry III King England)

4G GrandMother: Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England (2G Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

2G GrandMother: Elizabeth Badlesmere (4G Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

3G GrandFather: Bartholomew Badlesmere 1st Baron Badlesmere

4G GrandFather: Gunselin Badlesmere

4G GrandMother: Joan Fitzbernard

3G GrandMother: Margaret Clare (3G Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

4G GrandFather: Thomas Clare (4G Grandson Henry "Beauclearc" I King England)

4G GrandMother: Juliana Fitzgerald (2G Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)