BIOGRAPHY OF HENRY PERCY 1ST EARL NORTHUMBERLAND 1341-1408

GENERAL

Paternal Family Tree: REGINAR

Descent English Royalty: 2G Grandson Henry III King England

Descent French Royalty: 7G Grandson Louis "Fat" VI King France

Descent Royal House of Wessex: 9G Grandson Edmund "Ironside" I King England

EVENTS

On 10 Nov 1341 Henry Percy 1st Earl Northumberland was born to Henry Percy 3rd Baron Percy (20) and Mary Plantagenet (21) at Alnwick Castle

In 1358 Henry Percy 1st Earl Northumberland (16) and Margaret Neville (28) were married

Around 1362 Thomas Percy was born to Henry Percy 1st Earl Northumberland (20) and Margaret Neville (32) at Shrewsbury

On 20 May 1364 Henry "Hotspur" Percy was born to Henry Percy 1st Earl Northumberland (22) and Margaret Neville (35) at Alnwick Castle

On 23 Apr 1366 Henry Percy 1st Earl Northumberland (24) was appointed 43rd Knight Garter: Edward III

On 18 May 1368 Henry Percy 1st Earl Northumberland (26) succeeded 4th Baron Percy

In 1377 Henry Percy 1st Earl Northumberland (35) was created 1st Earl Northumberland (1C 1377)

In 1381 Henry Percy 1st Earl Northumberland (39) and Maud Lacy were married

On 23 Jul 1389 at Westminster. To Henry Percy 1st Earl Northumberland (47) , … Order until the Assumption next to make no inquisition for lack of repairs of marshes, pastures or other members and appurtenances of the manor of Heckington by virtue of the King's commission on 05 May 11 Richard II (1389). [Richard II 1389-1392]

On 16 Apr 1399 Richard II King England (32) wrote his Last Will from which the following extracts are taken … Also we bequeath to our beloved nephew Thomas Holland 1st Duke Surrey (25) ten thousand marks and to our beloved brother Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York (26) two thousand marks and to our beloved brother John Holland 1st Duke Exeter (47) three thousand marks and to our faithful and beloved William Scrope 1st Earl Wiltshire (49) two thousand marks. .. we ordain and set aside for the fulfilment of all and singular the premises the sum of ninety-one thousand marks, of which sixty-five thousand marks are in the keeping of Sir John Ikelyngton and twenty-four thousand marks in the hands and keeping of our dear nephew Thomas Holland 1st Duke Surrey (25) .

.. Of this our royal testament we nominate make and depute executors the venerable fathers in Christ Richard Mitford Bishop Chichester, Bishop Salisbury, Edmund Stafford Bishop Exeter (55) , Robert Tideman of Winchcombe Bishop Llandaff, Bishop Worcester, Thomas Merke Bishop Carlisle and Guy Mone Aka Mohun Bishop St David's; our beloved brother Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York (26) , our nephew Thomas Holland 1st Duke Surrey (25) , our brother John Holland 1st Duke Exeter (47) and William Scrope 1st Earl Wiltshire (49) to each of whom we bequeath a gold cup of the value of twenty pounds and our beloved and faithful clerks Master Richard Clifford Bishop Bath and Wells, Bishop Worcester, Bishop London Keeper of our Privy Seal, Master Richard Maudeleyn, Master William Fereby and Master John Ikelyngton clerks and John Lufwyk and William Serle laymen, to each of whom we will shall be paid their expenses and necessary costs while it shall happen that they or any of them are employed about the execution of our present last will, but according to the discretion of their said co-executors. ..

Whom all and singular we have charged and charge that they shall do as much as in them is for the due execution and fulfilment of this our last will as they shall wish to answer before God. We create ordain depute and make overseers of this our will the reverend fathers in Christ Roger Walden Archbishop Canterbury and Richard Scrope Archbishop York (49) , William bishop of Winchester and William abbot of the monastery of Westminster Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York (26) our uncle and Henry Percy 1st Earl Northumberland (57) our cousin.

On 12 Aug 1399 Richard II King England (32) negotiated with Henry Percy 1st Earl Northumberland (57) at Conwy Castle. [Richard II Abdication].

On 13 Oct 1399 Henry IV King England (32) was crowned IV King England: Plantagenet Lancaster at Westminster Abbey by Thomas Fitzalan Archbishop York, Archbishop Canterbury (46) . Robert Braybrooke Bishop London carried the sacraments and said mass. Henry V King England (13) carried the Sword Curtana. Thomas Beauchamp 12th Earl Warwick (61) and/or John Beaufort 1st Marquess Somerset, 1st Marquess Dorset (26) carried a sword wrapped in red and bound with golden straps symbolising two-fold mercy. Henry Percy 1st Earl Northumberland (57) carried the Lancaster Sword. Thomas Percy 1st Earl Worcester (56) carried the Steward's baton. Thomas Erpingham (44) carried the Sword. [Coronation of Henry IV].

On 14 Sep 1402 Henry Percy 1st Earl Northumberland (60) and his son Henry "Hotspur" Percy (38) lay in wait for the Scots to return from their laying waste to Northumberland at Homildon Hill. The Battle of Homildon Hill was a victory for the English forces whose longbowmen decimated the Scottish schiltrons. Henry Fitzhugh 3rd Baron Fitzhugh (44) fought for the English. William Stewart and John Swinton were killed. Thomas Dunbar 5th Earl Moray (31) and Henry Sinclair 2nd Earl Orkney (27) were captured, Archibald Douglas 1st Duke Touraine (30) was wounded. Henry IV King England (35) forbade the ransoming of Scottish prisoners so that he could concentrate on the Welsh. By doing so he created a rift with the Percy family who subsequently defected to Owain ap Gruffudd "Glyndŵr" Mathrafal Prince Powys (43) .

On 19 Feb 1408 Thomas Rokeby's force of Yorkshire levies defeated the Percy army during the Battle of Bramham Moor bringing to an end the Percy rebellion. Of the rebels Henry Percy 1st Earl Northumberland (66) and Thomas Bardolf 5th Baron Bardolf (22) were killed. [Bramham Moor].

Ralph Percy was born to Henry Percy 1st Earl Northumberland and Margaret Neville

Alan Percy was born to Henry Percy 1st Earl Northumberland and Margaret Neville

ANCESTRY

Father: Henry Percy 3rd Baron Percy (5G Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

GrandFather: Henry Percy 2nd Baron Percy (5G Grandson John "Lackland" I King England)

1G GrandFather: Henry Percy 1st Baron Percy

2G GrandFather: Henry Percy 7th Baron Percy Topcliffe

3G GrandFather: William Percy 6th Baron Percy Topcliffe

4G GrandFather: Henry Percy

2G GrandMother: Eleanor Warenne

3G GrandFather: John Warenne 6th Earl Surrey

4G GrandFather: William Warenne 5th Earl Surrey

4G GrandMother: Maud Marshal

3G GrandMother: Alice Lusignan

4G GrandFather: Hugh Lusignan X Count Lusignan, V Count La Marche

4G GrandMother: Isabella Angouleme Queen Consort England

1G GrandMother: Eleanor Fitzalan (4G Granddaughter John "Lackland" I King England)

2G GrandFather: Richard Fitzalan 8th Earl Arundel (3G Grandson John "Lackland" I King England)

3G GrandFather: John Fitzalan 7th Earl Arundel

4G GrandFather: John Fitzalan 6th Earl Arundel

4G GrandMother: Maud Verdun

3G GrandMother: Isabella Mortimer (2G Granddaughter John "Lackland" I King England)

4G GrandFather: Roger Mortimer 1st Baron Mortimer Wigmore (1G Grandson John "Lackland" I King England)

4G GrandMother: Maud Braose

2G GrandMother: Alice Saluzzo

GrandMother: Idonia Clifford (4G Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

1G GrandFather: Robert Clifford 1st Baron Clifford

2G GrandFather: Roger Clifford

3G GrandFather: Roger Clifford

4G GrandFather: Roger Clifford

4G GrandMother: Sybil Ewyas

3G GrandMother: Hawise Botreaux

4G GrandFather: John Botreaux

4G GrandMother: Hawise Newmarche

2G GrandMother: Isabella Vipont

3G GrandFather: Robert Vipont Lord Westmoreland

3G GrandMother: Isabel Fitzjohn

4G GrandFather: John Fitzpeter

4G GrandMother: Isabel Bigod

1G GrandMother: Maud Clare (3G Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

2G GrandFather: Thomas Clare (4G Grandson Henry "Beauclearc" I King England)

3G GrandFather: Richard Clare 6th Earl Gloucester, 5th Earl Hertford (3G Grandson Henry "Beauclearc" I King England)

4G GrandFather: Gilbert Clare 5th Earl Gloucester, 4th Earl Hertford (2G Grandson Henry "Beauclearc" I King England)

4G GrandMother: Isabel Marshal

3G GrandMother: Maud Lacy (4G Granddaughter Henry "Beauclearc" I King England)

4G GrandFather: John Lacy 8th Baron Bowland, 8th Baron Halton, 7th Baron Lacy

4G GrandMother: Margaret Quincy 2nd Countess Lincoln (3G Granddaughter Henry "Beauclearc" I King England)

2G GrandMother: Juliana Fitzgerald (2G Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

3G GrandFather: Maurice Fitzgerald 4th Lord Offaly

4G GrandFather: Maurice Fitzgerald 2nd Lord Offaly

4G GrandMother: Juliana Grenville

3G GrandMother: Emmeline Longespée (1G Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

4G GrandFather: Stephen Longespée (Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

4G GrandMother: Emmeline Riddlesford

Mother: Mary Plantagenet (1G Granddaughter Henry III King England)

GrandFather: Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl Leicester, 3rd Earl Lancaster (Grandson Henry III King England)

1G GrandFather: Edmund Crouchback Plantagenet 1st Earl Leicester, 1st Earl Lancaster (Son Henry III King England)

2G GrandFather: Henry III King England (Son John "Lackland" I King England)

3G GrandFather: John "Lackland" I King England (Son Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

4G GrandFather: Henry "Curtmantle" II King England (Grandson Henry "Beauclearc" I King England)

4G GrandMother: Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort France, Queen Consort England

3G GrandMother: Isabella Angouleme Queen Consort England

4G GrandFather: Aymer Angouleme I Count Angoulême

4G GrandMother: Alice Courtenay

2G GrandMother: Eleanor Provence Queen Consort England

3G GrandFather: Raymond Berenguer Provence IV Count Provence

4G GrandFather: Alfonso Barcelona II Count Provence

4G GrandMother: Gersenda II Sabran

3G GrandMother: Beatrice Savoy

4G GrandFather: Thomas Savoy I Count Savoy

4G GrandMother: Margaret Geneva

1G GrandMother: Blanche Capet (2G Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

2G GrandFather: Robert Capet (1G Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

3G GrandFather: Louis "Lion" VIII King France (3G Grandson William "Conqueror" I King England)

4G GrandFather: Philip Augustus II King France (2G Grandson William "Conqueror" I King England)

4G GrandMother: Isabelle Flanders

3G GrandMother: Blanche Ivrea Queen Consort France (Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

4G GrandFather: Alfonso VIII King Castile

4G GrandMother: Eleanor Plantagenet Queen Castile (Daughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

2G GrandMother: Matilda Reginar (2G Granddaughter Stephen I King England)

3G GrandFather: Henry Reginar II Duke Brabant (1G Grandson Stephen I King England)

4G GrandFather: Henry Reginar VIII Duke Lower Lorraine, I Duke Brabant

4G GrandMother: Maud Metz (Granddaughter Stephen I King England)

3G GrandMother: Marie Swabia

4G GrandFather: Philip Swabia

GrandMother: Maud Chaworth

1G GrandFather: Patrick Chaworth

2G GrandFather: Patrick Chaworth

1G GrandMother: Isabella Beauchamp

2G GrandFather: William Beauchamp 9th Earl Warwick

3G GrandFather: William Beauchamp

4G GrandFather: Walter Beauchamp

4G GrandMother: Joan Mortimer

3G GrandMother: Isabel Maudit

4G GrandFather: William Maudit

4G GrandMother: Alice Beaumont-Roger

2G GrandMother: Maud Fitzjohn

3G GrandFather: John Fitzpeter

4G GrandFather: Geoffrey Fitzpeter 1st Earl Essex

4G GrandMother: Aveline Clare

3G GrandMother: Isabel Bigod

4G GrandFather: Hugh Bigod 3rd Earl Norfolk

4G GrandMother: Maud Marshal