GENERAL

BIOGRAPHY OF THOMAS PLANTAGENET 2ND EARL LEICESTER, EARL LANCASTER, 5TH EARL SALISBURY, EARL LINCOLN 1278-1322

Paternal Family Tree

EVENTS

Around 1278 Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl Leicester, Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, Earl Lincoln was born to Edmund Crouchback Plantagenet 1st Earl Leicester, 1st Earl Lancaster (32) and Blanche Capet (30)

In 1294 Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl Leicester, Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, Earl Lincoln (16) and Alice Lacy 5th Earl Salisbury, Earl Lincoln (12) were married

On 05 Jun 1296 Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl Leicester, Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, Earl Lincoln (18) succeeded 2nd Earl Leicester (2C 1265), 2nd Earl Lancaster

On 22 Jul 1298 Edward "Longshanks" I King England (59) defeated the Scottish army led by William Wallace during the Battle of Falkirk at Falkirk using archers to firstly attack the Scottish shiltrons with the heavy cavalry and infantry completing the defeat. The English were described in the Falkirk Roll that lists 111 men with their armorials. The English army included: Guy Beauchamp 10th Earl Warwick (26) , Walter Beauchamp (55) , Roger Bigod 5th Earl Norfolk (53) , Humphrey Bohun Earl Hereford, Earl Essex (49) , Robert Clifford 1st Baron Clifford (24) , Hugh "Elder" Despencer 1st Earl Winchester (37) , William Ferrers 1st Baron Ferrers Groby (26) , Thomas Berkeley 6th Baron Berkeley (52) , Maurice Berkeley 7th Baron Berkeley (27) , Henry Grey 1st Baron Grey Codnor (43) , Reginald Grey 1st Baron Grey Wilton (58) , John Grey 2nd Baron Grey Wilton (30) , John Mohun 1st Baron Mohun Dunster (29) , Simon Montagu 1st Baron Montagu (48) , Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March (11) , William Ros 1st Baron Ros Helmsley (43) , John Segrave 2nd Baron Segrave (42) , Nicholas Segrave (42) , Robert Vere 6th Earl Oxford (41) , Alan Zouche 1st Baron Zouche Ashby (30) , Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl Leicester, Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, Earl Lincoln (20) , Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl Leicester, 3rd Earl Lancaster (17) , John Warenne 6th Earl Surrey (67) , Henry Percy 1st Baron Percy (25) , Hugh Courtenay 9th Earl Devon (21) , Richard Fitzalan 8th Earl Arundel (31) , Henry Beaumont 4th Earl Buchan (18) , John Capet II Duke Brittany (59) , Philip Darcy, Robert Fitzroger, Roger Fitzwalter, Simon Fraser, Aymer Valence 2nd Earl Pembroke (23) , John Wake 1st Baron Wake Liddell (30) and Henry Lacy 3rd Earl Lincoln, 4th Earl Salisbury (47) . William Scrope (53) was knighted. Of the Scottish army John Stewart was killed. William Boyd 4th Earl Kilmarnock fought.

Before 09 Mar 1301 seven Earls and 96 Barons signed a letter to the Pope refuting the Pope's claim that Scotland was subject to the Pope's feudal overlordship. The letter was never sent. Those who signed include: John Warenne 6th Earl Surrey, Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl Leicester, Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, Earl Lincoln, Ralph Monthermer 1st Baron Monthermer, Humphrey Bohun Earl Hereford, Earl Essex, Roger Bigod 5th Earl Norfolk, Richard Fitzalan 8th Earl Arundel, Guy Beauchamp 10th Earl Warwick, Aymer Valence 2nd Earl Pembroke, William Leybourne, Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl Leicester, 3rd Earl Lancaster, William Latimer 1st Baron Latimer Corby, Edmund Hastings, John Hastings 2nd Baron Hastings, Baron Bergavenny, Edmund Mortimer 2nd Baron Mortimer Wigmore, Fulk Fitzwarin 2nd Baron Fitzwarin, Henry Percy 1st Baron Percy, Robert Fitzwalter 1st Baron Fitzwalter, John Beauchamp 1st Baron Beauchamp Somerset, William Braose 2nd Baron Braose, John Botetort 1st Baron Botetort, Reginald Grey 1st Baron Grey Wilton, John Moels 1st Baron Moels, Thomas Berkeley 6th Baron Berkeley, Robert Vere 5th Earl Oxford, John Strange 1st Baron Strange Knockin, Thomas Multon 1st Baron Multon Gilsland, Robert Clifford 1st Baron Clifford, Walter Beauchamp, Alan Zouche 1st Baron Zouche Ashby, John Segrave 2nd Baron Segrave, William Ferrers 1st Baron Ferrers Groby, Simon Montagu 1st Baron Montagu, Piers Mauley 1st Baron Mauley, Ralph Neville 1st Baron Neville Raby, John Mohun 1st Baron Mohun Dunster, Roger Scales 1st Baron Scales, Thomas Furnival 1st Baron Furnivall, Hugh Bardolf 1st Baron Bardolf, Gilbert Talbot 1st Baron Talbot, William Deincourt 1st Baron Deincourt, Edmund Stafford 1st Baron Stafford, Walter Fauconberg 1st Baron Fauconberg [Baron's Letter to the Pope].

On 07 Jul 1307 Edward "Longshanks" I King England (68) died at Burgh by Sands whilst on his way north to Scotland. Edward "Longshanks" I King England (68) gathered around him Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl Leicester, Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, Earl Lincoln (29) , Guy Beauchamp 10th Earl Warwick (35) , Aymer Valence 2nd Earl Pembroke (32) and Robert Clifford 1st Baron Clifford (33) and charged them with looking after his son in particular ensuring Piers Gaveston 1st Earl Cornwall (23) didn't return from exile. [Death of Edward I].

On 25 Feb 1308 Edward II King England (23) was crowned II King England: Plantagenet Angevin at Westminster Abbey by Henry Woodlock, Bishop Winchester. Isabella Capet Queen Consort England (13) was crowned as Queen Consort England. Piers Gaveston 1st Earl Cornwall (24) carried the Royal Crown. William Marshal 1st Baron Marshal (30) carried the Gilt Spurs. Humphrey Bohun Earl Hereford, Earl Essex (32) carried the Royal Sceptre. Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl Leicester, 3rd Earl Lancaster (27) carried the Royal Rod. Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl Leicester, Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, Earl Lincoln (30) carried the sword Curtana (the sword of Edward the Confessor). Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March (20) carried the table bearing the Royal Robes. Thomas Grey (28) and Robert Fitzwalter 1st Baron Fitzwalter (61) [Coronation of Edward II and Isabella].

On Feb 1311 Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl Leicester, Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, Earl Lincoln (33) jure uxoris 5th Earl Salisbury (1C 1149), 4th Earl Lincoln (4C 1217)

Around 19 Mar 1311 the nobility attempt to constrain Edward II King England (26) by imposing a Council of Ordainers upon him. The Council included twenty-one signatories: Guy Beauchamp 10th Earl Warwick (39) , Robert Clifford 1st Baron Clifford (36) , Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl Leicester, Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, Earl Lincoln (33) , Gilbert Clare 8th Earl Gloucester, Earl Hertford, Henry Lacy 3rd Earl Lincoln, 4th Earl Salisbury, John Capet 5th Earl Richmond (45) , William Marshal 1st Baron Marshal (33) and Aymer Valence 2nd Earl Pembroke (36) . [Council of Ordainers].

On 04 May 1312 Edward II King England (28) and Piers Gaveston 1st Earl Cornwall (28) were at Newcastle on Tyne Castle where they barely escaped a force led by Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl Leicester, Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, Earl Lincoln (34) , Henry Percy 1st Baron Percy (39) and Robert Clifford 1st Baron Clifford (38) . Piers Gaveston 1st Earl Cornwall (28) escaped to Scarborough, Edward II King England (28) to York. [Gaveston's Escape from Newcastle].

Around 15 Jun 1312 Piers Gaveston 1st Earl Cornwall (28) was tried at Warwick Castle by Guy Beauchamp 10th Earl Warwick (40) , Humphrey Bohun Earl Hereford, Earl Essex (36) , Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl Leicester, Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, Earl Lincoln (34) and Edmund Fitzalan 9th Earl Arundel (27) . He was condemned to death. [Trial of Piers Gaveston].

In 1318 Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl Leicester, Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, Earl Lincoln (40) carried Alice Lacy 5th Earl Salisbury, Earl Lincoln (36)

On 16 Mar 1322 the rebel army led by Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl Leicester, Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, Earl Lincoln (44) attempted to cross the bridge at Boroughbridge. Their path was blocked by forces loyal to the King led by Andrew Harclay 1st Earl Carlisle (52) . Humphrey Bohun Earl Hereford, Earl Essex (46) was killed. Bartholomew Badlesmere 1st Baron Badlesmere (46) , Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March (34) , John Botetort 1st Baron Botetort (57) and John Maltravers 1st Baron Maltravers (32) fought for the rebels. Roger Clifford 2nd Baron Clifford (22) , Nicholas Longford (34) , Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl Leicester, Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, Earl Lincoln (44) , John Mowbray 2nd Baron Mowbray (35) were captured. Warin Lisle (51) hanged after the battle. [Battle of Boroughbridge].

On 22 Mar 1322 Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl Leicester, Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, Earl Lincoln (44) was beheaded at Pontefract Castle [Despencer War Executions].

After 22 Mar 1322 Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl Leicester, Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, Earl Lincoln was buried at Pontefract Priory

On 25 Mar 1322 Andrew Harclay 1st Earl Carlisle (52) was created 1st Earl Carlisle (1C 1322) in reward for his capture of Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl Leicester, Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, Earl Lincoln at the Battle of Boroughbridge.

ANCESTRY

Father: Edmund Crouchback Plantagenet 1st Earl Leicester, 1st Earl Lancaster

GrandFather: Henry III King England

1G GrandFather: John "Lackland" I King England

2G GrandFather: Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

3G GrandFather: Geoffrey Plantagenet Duke Normandy

4G GrandFather: Fulk "Young" King Jerusalem

4G GrandMother: Ermengarde La Flèche-De Baugency

3G GrandMother: Empress Matilda

4G GrandFather: Henry "Beauclearc" I King England

4G GrandMother: Edith aka Matilda Dunkeld Queen Consort England

2G GrandMother: Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort France, Queen Consort England

3G GrandFather: William "Saint" Poitiers X Duke Aquitaine

4G GrandFather: William "Troubadour" Poitiers IX Duke Aquitaine

4G GrandMother: Philippa Rouerge

3G GrandMother: Aenor Châtellerault

4G GrandFather: Aimery Châtellerault Viscount Châtellerault

4G GrandMother: Dangereuse Île-Bouchard

1G GrandMother: Isabella Angouleme Queen Consort England

2G GrandFather: Aymer Angouleme I Count Angoulême

3G GrandFather: William "Taillefer" Angouleme VI Count Angoulême

4G GrandFather: Wulfgrin Angouleme II Count Angoulême

4G GrandMother: Pontia La Marche

2G GrandMother: Alice Courtenay

3G GrandFather: Peter Courtenay

4G GrandFather: Louis "Fat" VI King France

4G GrandMother: Adelaide Savoy

3G GrandMother: Elizabeth Unknown

GrandMother: Eleanor Provence Queen Consort England

1G GrandFather: Raymond Berenguer Provence IV Count Provence

2G GrandFather: Alfonso Barcelona II Count Provence

3G GrandFather: Alfonso II King Aragon

4G GrandFather: Raymond Berenguer Barcelona V Count Barcelona

3G GrandMother: Sancha Ivrea

4G GrandFather: Alfonso VII King Castile, King Leon

4G GrandMother: Richeza Unknown

2G GrandMother: Gersenda II Sabran

1G GrandMother: Beatrice Savoy

2G GrandFather: Thomas Savoy I Count Savoy

3G GrandFather: Humbert Savoy III Count Savoy

4G GrandFather: Amadeus Savoy III Count Savoy

4G GrandMother: Mahaut Albon

3G GrandMother: Beatrice Mâcon

2G GrandMother: Margaret Geneva

Mother: Blanche Capet

GrandFather: Robert Capet

1G GrandFather: Louis "Lion" VIII King France

2G GrandFather: Philip Augustus II King France

3G GrandFather: Louis VII King Franks

4G GrandFather: Louis "Fat" VI King France

4G GrandMother: Adelaide Savoy

3G GrandMother: Adèle Blois

4G GrandFather: Theobald Blois II Count Champagne, Count Blois

4G GrandMother: Matilda Carinthia

2G GrandMother: Isabelle Flanders

3G GrandFather: Baldwin Flanders V Count Hainault

4G GrandFather: Baldwin Flanders IV Count Hainault

4G GrandMother: Alice Namur

3G GrandMother: Margaret Metz I Count Flanders

4G GrandFather: Thierry Metz Count Flanders

4G GrandMother: Sibylla Anjou

1G GrandMother: Blanche Ivrea Queen Consort France

2G GrandFather: Alfonso VIII King Castile

3G GrandFather: Sancho III King Castile

4G GrandFather: Alfonso VII King Castile, King Leon

4G GrandMother: Berenguela Barcelona

3G GrandMother: Blanche Ramirez

4G GrandFather: García "Restorer" IV King Navarre

4G GrandMother: Marguerite Aigle

2G GrandMother: Eleanor Plantagenet Queen Castile

3G GrandFather: Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

4G GrandFather: Geoffrey Plantagenet Duke Normandy

4G GrandMother: Empress Matilda

3G GrandMother: Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort France, Queen Consort England

4G GrandFather: William "Saint" Poitiers X Duke Aquitaine

4G GrandMother: Aenor Châtellerault

GrandMother: Matilda Reginar

1G GrandFather: Henry Reginar II Duke Brabant

2G GrandFather: Henry Reginar Duke Lower Lorraine, I Duke Brabant

3G GrandFather: Godfrey Reginar VIII Duke Lower Lorraine

4G GrandFather: Godfrey Reginar VII Duke Lower Lorraine

4G GrandMother: Lutgardis Sulzbach

3G GrandMother: Margaret Luxembourg

4G GrandFather: Henry Luxembourg II Duke Limburg

4G GrandMother: Mathilda Saffenburg

2G GrandMother: Maud Metz

3G GrandFather: Matthew Metz Count Boulogne

4G GrandFather: Thierry Metz Count Flanders

4G GrandMother: Sibylla Anjou

3G GrandMother: Marie Blois I Count Boulogne

4G GrandFather: Stephen I King England

4G GrandMother: Matilda Flanders

1G GrandMother: Marie Swabia

2G GrandFather: Philip Swabia