BIOGRAPHY OF RICHARD YORK 3RD DUKE YORK 1411-1460

Paternal Family Tree

Descent English Royalty: 1G Grandson Edward III King England

Descent French Royalty: 3G Grandson Philip "Fair" IV King France

Descent Royal House of Wessex: 11G Grandson Edmund "Ironside" I King England

EVENTS

On 21 Sep 1411 Richard York 3rd Duke York was born to Richard York 1st Earl Cambridge (26) and Anne Mortimer (20)

On 05 Aug 1415 Richard York 3rd Duke York (3) succeeded 2nd Earl Cambridge (3C 1414)

On 18 Jan 1425 Richard York 3rd Duke York (13) succeeded 8th Earl Ulster

On Oct 1429 Richard York 3rd Duke York (18) and Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville (14) were married

In 1433 Richard York 3rd Duke York (21) was appointed 148th Knight Garter: Henry VI

On 10 Aug 1439 Anne York was born to Richard York 3rd Duke York (27) and Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville (24) at Fotheringay Castle

On 28 Apr 1442 Edward IV King England was born to Richard York 3rd Duke York (30) and Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville (26) at Rouen

On 17 May 1443 Edmund York 1st Earl Rutland was born to Richard York 3rd Duke York (31) and Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville (28) at Rouen

On 22 Apr 1444 Elizabeth York was born to Richard York 3rd Duke York (32) and Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville (28) at Rouen

On 18 Mar 1445 Richard York 3rd Duke York (33) met Margaret of Anjou Queen Consort England at Pontoise. [Richard of York meets Margaret of Anjou]

On 20 Oct 1445 Richard York 3rd Duke York (34) returned to England at the end of his five-year appointment in France.

On 03 May 1446 Margaret York was born to Richard York 3rd Duke York (34) and Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville (31) at Fotheringay Castle

On 30 Jul 1447 Richard York 3rd Duke York (35) was appointed as Lieutenant Ireland

On 30 Jul 1447 Richard York 3rd Duke York (35) was appointed as Lieutenant Ireland. [Richard York appointed Lieutenant of Ireland]

On 21 Oct 1449 George York 1st Duke Clarence was born to Richard York 3rd Duke York (38) and Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville (34) at Dublin Castle

On 07 Sep 1450 Richard York 3rd Duke York (38) landed at Beaumaris

On 27 Sep 1450 Richard York 3rd Duke York (39) arrived at City of London

On 02 Oct 1452 Richard III King England was born to Richard York 3rd Duke York (41) and Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville (37) at Fotheringay Castle

On Oct 1453 Edmund Beaufort 2nd Duke Somerset (47) was imprisoned by Richard York 3rd Duke York (42) at Tower of London

On 27 Mar 1454 Richard York 3rd Duke York (42) was appointed as Lord Protector

On Jan 1455 Richard York 3rd Duke York (43) was restored 3rd Duke York (1C 1385)

On 22 May 1455 the Wars of the Roses commenced at the First Battle of St Albans. Richard York 3rd Duke York (43) commanded with Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury (27) , Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury (55) , Edward Brooke 6th Baron Cobham (40) and Walter Strickland.

After 25 May 1455 Richard York 3rd Duke York was appointed as Constable England

On Nov 1455 Richard York 3rd Duke York (44) was appointed as Lord Protector

On 24 Mar 1458 Cardinal Thomas Bourchier (40) presided at Westminster Abbey during the Loveday. John "Butcher" Clifford 9th Baron Clifford (22) , Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury (58) , Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury (30) , Henry Beaufort 3rd Duke Somerset (22) , Richard York 3rd Duke York (46) , Henry Percy 3rd Earl Northumberland (36) , Thomas Percy 1st Baron Egremont (35) and Margaret of Anjou Queen Consort England attended in an attempt to reconcile the Lancastrian and Yorkist factions.

On 12 Oct 1459 the Battle of Ludford Bridge nearly took place at Ludford Bridge. In the event a large number of the Calais garrison refused to fight against Henry VI King England, II King France (37) who was present. The Yorkist leaders dissappeared overnight: Richard York 3rd Duke York (48) , the future Edward IV King England (17) , Edmund York 1st Earl Rutland (16) , Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury (31) , Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury (59) and John Dinham 1st Baron Dinham (26) . Thomas Parr (52) was present. The Lancastrian army included Humphrey Stafford 1st Duke Buckingham (57) and William Fitzalan 16th Earl Arundel (41) .

On 10 Oct 1460 Richard York 3rd Duke York (49) claimed the Kingdom of England at Westminster Hall witnessed by Cardinal Thomas Bourchier (42) . [Richard of York claims the Kingdom of England]

After 30 Dec 1460 Richard York 3rd Duke York was buried at Pontefract Priory

On 30 Dec 1460 at the Battle of Wakefield at Sandal Castle the Yorkist army was heavily defeated. Richard York 3rd Duke York (49) , Thomas Neville (29) , Thomas Harrington (60) , William Bonville 6th Baron Harington (18) and Edward Bourchier were killed. Following the battle Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury (60) was beheaded by Thomas "Bastard of Exeter" Holland. William Bonville (40) was executed. Thomas Parr (53) fought in the Yorkist army.

On 29 Jul 1476 Edward York 1st Duke Aumale, 2nd Duke York (103) , Richard York 3rd Duke York (64) and Edmund York 1st Earl Rutland (33) were reburied at St Mary and All Saints in a ceremony attended by Edward IV King England (34) , George York 1st Duke Clarence (26) , Thomas Grey 1st Marquess Dorset (21) , William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings (45) , Anthony Woodville 2nd Earl Rivers (36) [Reburial of Richard and Edmund of York, and Edward of Norwich].

ANCESTRY

Father: Richard York 1st Earl Cambridge (Grandson Edward III King England)

GrandFather: Edmund York 1st Duke York (Son Edward III King England)

2G GrandFather: Edward III King England (Son Edward II King England)

3G GrandFather: Edward II King England (Son Edward "Longshanks" I King England)

4G GrandFather: Edward "Longshanks" I King England (Son Henry III King England)

5G GrandFather: Henry III King England (Son John "Lackland" I King England)

5G GrandMother: Eleanor Provence Queen Consort England

4G GrandMother: Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England (2G Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

5G GrandFather: Ferdinand III King Castile, III King Leon (1G Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

5G GrandMother: Joan Dammartin Count Ponthieu

3G GrandMother: Isabella Capet Queen Consort England (4G Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

4G GrandFather: Philip "Fair" IV King France (3G Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

5G GrandFather: Philip "Bold" III King France (2G Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

5G GrandMother: Isabella Barcelona

4G GrandMother: Joan I King Navarre (3G Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

5G GrandFather: Henry I King Navarre (4G Grandson William "Conqueror" I King England)

5G GrandMother: Blanche Capet (2G Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

2G GrandMother: Philippa Hainault Queen Consort England (5G Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

3G GrandFather: William Hainault I Count Hainault, III Count Avesnes, III Count Holland, II Count Zeeland (4G Grandson Stephen I King England)

4G GrandFather: John Hainault II Count Hainault, II Count Holland (3G Grandson Stephen I King England)

5G GrandFather: John Hainault I Count Hainault (4G Grandson William "Conqueror" I King England)

5G GrandMother: Adelaide Countholland (2G Granddaughter Stephen I King England)

4G GrandMother: Philippa Luxembourg (5G Granddaughter William "Conqueror" I King England)

5G GrandFather: Henry "Great" Luxembourg V Count Luxembourg, III Count Namur

5G GrandMother: Margaret Bar (4G Granddaughter William "Conqueror" I King England)

3G GrandMother: Joan Valois (4G Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

4G GrandFather: Charles Valois I Count Valois (3G Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

5G GrandFather: Philip "Bold" III King France (2G Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

5G GrandMother: Isabella Barcelona

4G GrandMother: Margaret Capet (3G Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

5G GrandFather: Charles II King Naples (2G Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

5G GrandMother: Mary Unknown

GrandMother: Isabella Ivrea (6G Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

2G GrandFather: Peter "Cruel" I King Castile (5G Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

3G GrandFather: Alfonso "Avenger" XI King Castile (4G Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

4G GrandFather: Ferdinand IV King Castile, IV King Leon (4G Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

5G GrandFather: Sancho IV King Castile, IV King Leon (3G Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

5G GrandMother: Maria Molina

4G GrandMother: Constance Burgundy (3G Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

5G GrandFather: Denis I King Portugal (2G Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

5G GrandMother: Elisabeth Barcelona Queen Consort Portugal

3G GrandMother: Constanza Manuel

2G GrandMother: Maria Padilla

3G GrandFather: Juan García Padilla 1st Lord Villagera

4G GrandFather: Garcia Padilla

3G GrandMother: María González Henestrosa

4G GrandFather: Fernán González Henestrosa

Mother: Anne Mortimer (2G Granddaughter Edward III King England)

GrandFather: Roger Mortimer 4th Earl March, 6th Earl Ulster (1G Grandson Edward III King England)

2G GrandFather: Edmund Mortimer 3rd Earl March, 5th Earl Ulster (6G Grandson John "Lackland" I King England)

3G GrandFather: Roger Mortimer 2nd Earl March (5G Grandson John "Lackland" I King England)

4G GrandFather: Edmund Mortimer (4G Grandson John "Lackland" I King England)

5G GrandFather: Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March (3G Grandson John "Lackland" I King England)

5G GrandMother: Joan Geneville Joan 02 Baron Geneville (7G Granddaughter Henry "Beauclearc" I King England)

4G GrandMother: Elizabeth Badlesmere (4G Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

5G GrandFather: Bartholomew Badlesmere 1st Baron Badlesmere

5G GrandMother: Margaret Clare (3G Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

3G GrandMother: Philippa Montagu

4G GrandFather: William Montagu 1st Earl Salisbury

5G GrandFather: William Montagu 2nd Baron Montagu

5G GrandMother: Elizabeth Montfort

4G GrandMother: Catherine Grandison

5G GrandFather: William Grandison 1st Baron Grandison

5G GrandMother: Sibylla Tregoz

2G GrandMother: Philippa Plantagenet 5th Earl Ulster (Granddaughter Edward III King England)

3G GrandFather: Lionel Plantagenet 1st Duke Clarence (Son Edward III King England)

4G GrandFather: Edward III King England (Son Edward II King England)

5G GrandFather: Edward II King England (Son Edward "Longshanks" I King England)

5G GrandMother: Isabella Capet Queen Consort England (4G Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

4G GrandMother: Philippa Hainault Queen Consort England (5G Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

5G GrandFather: William Hainault I Count Hainault, III Count Avesnes, III Count Holland, II Count Zeeland (4G Grandson Stephen I King England)

5G GrandMother: Joan Valois (4G Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

3G GrandMother: Elizabeth Burgh 4th Earl Ulster (2G Granddaughter Edward "Longshanks" I King England)

4G GrandFather: William Donn Burgh 3rd Earl Ulster (1G Grandson Edward "Longshanks" I King England)

5G GrandFather: John Burgh

5G GrandMother: Elizabeth Clare (Granddaughter Edward "Longshanks" I King England)

4G GrandMother: Maud Plantagenet (1G Granddaughter Henry III King England)

5G GrandFather: Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl Leicester, 3rd Earl Lancaster (Grandson Henry III King England)

5G GrandMother: Maud Chaworth

GrandMother: Eleanor Holland (2G Granddaughter Edward "Longshanks" I King England)

2G GrandFather: Thomas Holland 2nd Earl Kent (1G Grandson Edward "Longshanks" I King England)

3G GrandFather: Thomas Holland 1st Earl Kent (4G Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

4G GrandFather: Robert Holland 1st Baron Holland

4G GrandMother: Maud Zouche (3G Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

5G GrandFather: Alan Zouche 1st Baron Zouche Ashby (2G Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

5G GrandMother: Eleanor Segrave

3G GrandMother: Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Plantagenet Princess Wales (Granddaughter Edward "Longshanks" I King England)

4G GrandFather: Edmund Plantagenet 1st Earl Kent (Son Edward "Longshanks" I King England)

5G GrandFather: Edward "Longshanks" I King England (Son Henry III King England)

5G GrandMother: Margaret Capet (3G Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

4G GrandMother: Margaret Wake 3rd Baron Wake Liddell (3G Granddaughter John "Lackland" I King England)

5G GrandFather: John Wake 1st Baron Wake Liddell (2G Grandson John "Lackland" I King England)

5G GrandMother: Joan Fiennes (4G Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

2G GrandMother: Alice Fitzalan (2G Granddaughter Henry III King England)

3G GrandFather: Richard Fitzalan 10th Earl Arundel, 8th Earl Surrey (5G Grandson John "Lackland" I King England)

4G GrandFather: Edmund Fitzalan 9th Earl Arundel (4G Grandson John "Lackland" I King England)

5G GrandFather: Richard Fitzalan 8th Earl Arundel (3G Grandson John "Lackland" I King England)

5G GrandMother: Alice Saluzzo

4G GrandMother: Alice Warenne

5G GrandFather: William Warenne

5G GrandMother: Joan Vere

3G GrandMother: Eleanor Plantagenet (1G Granddaughter Henry III King England)

4G GrandFather: Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl Leicester, 3rd Earl Lancaster (Grandson Henry III King England)

5G GrandFather: Edmund Crouchback Plantagenet 1st Earl Leicester, 1st Earl Lancaster (Son Henry III King England)

5G GrandMother: Blanche Capet (2G Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

4G GrandMother: Maud Chaworth

5G GrandFather: Patrick Chaworth

5G GrandMother: Isabella Beauchamp