BIOGRAPHY OF RICHARD II KING ENGLAND 1367-1400

GENERAL

Paternal Family Tree: ANJOU

Descent English Royalty: Grandson Edward III King England

Descent French Royalty: 2G Grandson Philip "Fair" IV King France

Descent Royal House of Wessex: 9G Grandson Edmund "Ironside" I King England

EVENTS

On 06 Jan 1367 Richard II King England was born to Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales (36) and Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Plantagenet Princessss Wales (38) at Bordeaux

In 1377 Simon Burley (41) was confirmed an annual grant of £100 by Richard II King England (9)

On 23 Apr 1377 Richard II King England (10) was appointed 61st Knight Garter: Edward III

On 21 Jun 1377 Richard II King England (10) succeeded II King England: Plantagenet Angevin

On 16 Jul 1377 Richard II King England (10) was crowned II King England: Plantagenet Angevin at Westminster Abbey by Simon Sudbury Archbishop Canterbury (61) . Richard Fitzalan 9th Earl Surrey, 11th Earl Arundel (31) carried the Crown. Guichard Angle 1st Earl Huntingdon was appointed 1st Earl Huntingdon (3C 1377). Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York (4) and Robert Harrington 3rd Baron Harington (21) were knighted. Roger Scales 4th Baron Scales (23) attended. [Coronation of Richard II].

On 11 Jun 1381 Richard II King England (14) held council with his mother Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Plantagenet Princessss Wales (52) , Thomas Beauchamp 12th Earl Warwick (43) , William Montagu 2nd Earl Salisbury (52) , Richard Fitzalan 9th Earl Surrey, 11th Earl Arundel (35) , Simon Sudbury Archbishop Canterbury (65) and Robert Hales (56) at the Tower of London [Peasant's Revolt].

On 15 Jun 1381 Richard II King England (14) met with Wat Tyler at Smithfield. During the course of the meeting Wat Tyler was wounded by William Walworth Lord Mayor. Wat Tyler was then killed by John Cavendish [Peasant's Revolt].

On 20 Jan 1382 Richard II King England (15) and Anne Bohemia Queen Consort England (15) were married at Westminster Abbey. Arranged by Michael Pole 1st Earl Suffolk (52) the marriage not popular since it brought no dowry and little prospect of increased trade since Bohemia not a primary English trade partner. [Marriage of Richard II and Anne of Bohemia]

Around Sep 1386 the Wonderful Parliament sought to reform the administration of Richard II King England (19) . Michael Pole 1st Earl Suffolk (56) was impeached for his failures in France.

In 1387 David Hamner (55) was knighted by Richard II King England (19)

In Feb 1388 Merciless Parliament sought to cleanse Richard II King England (21) 's administration. Simon Burley (52) was executed. Michael Pole 1st Earl Suffolk (58) was sentenced to be hung, drawn and quartered. Robert Vere 1st Duke Ireland (26) was attainted. Nicholas Brembre was tried.

On 30 Dec 1389 Richard II King England (22) held his Chirstmans Court at Woodstock Palace [Richard II holds Christmas Court]

On 07 Jun 1394 Anne Bohemia Queen Consort England (28) died of plague (probably) at Sheen Palace. Richard II King England (27) was so distraught at her death he ordered the destruction of Sheen Palace. [Death of Anne of Bohemia]

On 03 Aug 1394 Anne Bohemia Queen Consort England was buried at St Edward the Confessor's Chapel with Thomas Fitzalan Archbishop York, Archbishop Canterbury (41) presiding. Richard II King England (27) attended. Richard Fitzalan 9th Earl Surrey, 11th Earl Arundel (48) , brother of the presiding Archbishop, and his wife Philippa Mortimer (18) , arrived late causing Richard, in a rage, to snatch a wand and strike FitzAlan in the face drawing blood. [Funeral of Anne of Bohemia]

In Oct 1394 Richard II King England (27) travelled to Ireland with William Hankford (44) . [Richard II Travels to Ireland]

On 22 Nov 1395 Robert Vere 1st Duke Ireland was buried when Richard II King England (28) had the coffin opened to kiss his lost friend's hand and to gaze on his face one last time

On 31 Oct 1396 Richard II King England (29) and Isabella Valois Queen Consort England (6) were married. The marriage being one of the terms of a twenty-eight year peace treaty with France. He twenty-nine, she six. [Marriage of Richard II and Isabella of Valois]

In 1397 Richard Redman (47) campaigned with Richard II King England (29) at Ireland

In 1397 Thomas Merke Bishop Carlisle served Richard II King England (29) as Ambassador to various German Princes.

On 12 Jul 1397 Richard Fitzalan 9th Earl Surrey, 11th Earl Arundel (51) arrested for his opposition to Richard II King England (30)

On 29 Sep 1397 Thomas Mowbray 1st Duke Norfolk (29) was created 1st Duke Norfolk (1C 1397) by Richard II King England (30) probably for arranging the murder of Thomas Plantagenet 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 1st Duke Gloucester.

On 29 Sep 1397 John Holland 1st Duke Exeter (45) was created 1st Duke Exeter (1C 1397). Thomas Holland 1st Duke Surrey (23) was created 1st Duke Surrey for having arrested his uncle Richard Fitzalan 9th Earl Surrey, 11th Earl Arundel on behalf of Richard II King England (30) . [Richard II Awards his Half-Brothers Dukedoms]

In 1398 Richard II King England (30) travelled to Ireland with Rhys ap Tudor Tudor and Gwilym ap Tudor Tudor. [Richard II Travels to Ireland Again].

In 1399 Henry Green (52) was executed by Henry IV King England (31) for having been a councillor of Richard II King England (31) . at Bristol Castle

On 16 Apr 1399 Richard II King England (32) wrote his Last Will from which the following extracts are taken … Also we bequeath to our beloved nephew Thomas Holland 1st Duke Surrey (25) ten thousand marks and to our beloved brother Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York (26) two thousand marks and to our beloved brother John Holland 1st Duke Exeter (47) three thousand marks and to our faithful and beloved William Scrope 1st Earl Wiltshire (49) two thousand marks. .. we ordain and set aside for the fulfilment of all and singular the premises the sum of ninety-one thousand marks, of which sixty-five thousand marks are in the keeping of Sir John Ikelyngton and twenty-four thousand marks in the hands and keeping of our dear nephew Thomas Holland 1st Duke Surrey (25) .

.. Of this our royal testament we nominate make and depute executors the venerable fathers in Christ Richard Mitford Bishop Chichester, Bishop Salisbury, Edmund Stafford Bishop Exeter (55) , Robert Tideman of Winchcombe Bishop Llandaff, Bishop Worcester, Thomas Merke Bishop Carlisle and Guy Mone Aka Mohun Bishop St David's; our beloved brother Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York (26) , our nephew Thomas Holland 1st Duke Surrey (25) , our brother John Holland 1st Duke Exeter (47) and William Scrope 1st Earl Wiltshire (49) to each of whom we bequeath a gold cup of the value of twenty pounds and our beloved and faithful clerks Master Richard Clifford Bishop Bath and Wells, Bishop Worcester, Bishop London Keeper of our Privy Seal, Master Richard Maudeleyn, Master William Fereby and Master John Ikelyngton clerks and John Lufwyk and William Serle laymen, to each of whom we will shall be paid their expenses and necessary costs while it shall happen that they or any of them are employed about the execution of our present last will, but according to the discretion of their said co-executors. ..

Whom all and singular we have charged and charge that they shall do as much as in them is for the due execution and fulfilment of this our last will as they shall wish to answer before God. We create ordain depute and make overseers of this our will the reverend fathers in Christ Roger Walden Archbishop Canterbury and Richard Scrope Archbishop York (49) , William bishop of Winchester and William abbot of the monastery of Westminster Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York (26) our uncle and Henry Percy 1st Earl Northumberland (57) our cousin.

In May 1399 Richard II King England (32) travelled to Ireland with Thomas Merke Bishop Carlisle, Rhys ap Tudor Tudor and Gwilym ap Tudor Tudor. [Richard II Travels to Ireland Again].

On 24 Jul 1399 Richard II King England (32) landed at Wales

On 12 Aug 1399 Richard II King England (32) negotiated with Henry Percy 1st Earl Northumberland (57) at Conwy Castle. [Richard II Abdication].

On 19 Aug 1399 Richard II King England (32) surrendered to Henry IV King England (32) at Flint Castle. [Richard II Abdication].

On 29 Sep 1399 Richard II King England (32) abdicated II King England: Plantagenet Angevin at Tower of London. Thomas Grey (40) , William Willoughby 5th Baron Willoughby Eresby (29) , Hugh Burnell 2nd Baron Burnell (52) and Thomas Rempston were present. [Richard II Abdication].

In Dec 1399 the Epiphany Rising was an attempt to restore Richard II King England (32) to the throne replacing Henry IV King England (32) .

On 14 Feb 1400 Richard II King England (33) died at Pontefract Castle, probably murdered, possibly starved to death, as a consequence of the Epiphany Rising. [Death of Richard II]

On 17 Feb 1400 Richard II King England corpse was displayed at St Paul's Cathedral. [Richard II Burial]

On 06 Mar 1400 Richard II King England was buried at King's Langley Priory. [Richard II Burial]

In 1413 Richard II King England was reburied at St Edward the Confessor's Chapel

ANCESTRY

Father: Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales (Son Edward III King England)

GrandFather: Edward III King England (Son Edward II King England)

1G GrandFather: Edward II King England (Son Edward "Longshanks" I King England)

2G GrandFather: Edward "Longshanks" I King England (Son Henry III King England)

3G GrandFather: Henry III King England (Son John "Lackland" I King England)

4G GrandFather: John "Lackland" I King England (Son Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

4G GrandMother: Isabella Angouleme Queen Consort England

3G GrandMother: Eleanor Provence Queen Consort England

4G GrandFather: Raymond Berenguer Provence IV Count Provence

4G GrandMother: Beatrice Savoy

2G GrandMother: Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England (2G Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

3G GrandFather: Ferdinand III King Castile, III King Leon (1G Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

4G GrandFather: Alfonso IX King Leon

4G GrandMother: Berengaria Ivrea I Queen Castile (Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

3G GrandMother: Joan Dammartin Count Ponthieu

4G GrandFather: Simon Dammartin

4G GrandMother: Marie Montgomery Count Ponthieu

1G GrandMother: Isabella Capet Queen Consort England (4G Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

2G GrandFather: Philip "Fair" IV King France (3G Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

3G GrandFather: Philip "Bold" III King France (2G Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

4G GrandFather: Louis IX King France (1G Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

4G GrandMother: Margaret Provence Queen Consort France

3G GrandMother: Isabella Barcelona

4G GrandFather: James I King Aragon

4G GrandMother: Violant Unknown

2G GrandMother: Joan Blois I Queen Navarre (3G Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

3G GrandFather: Henry I King Navarre (4G Grandson William "Conqueror" I King England)

4G GrandFather: Theobald IV King Navarre (3G Grandson William "Conqueror" I King England)

4G GrandMother: Margaret Bourbon

3G GrandMother: Blanche Capet (2G Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

4G GrandFather: Robert Capet (1G Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

4G GrandMother: Matilda Reginar (2G Granddaughter Stephen I King England)

GrandMother: Philippa Hainault Queen Consort England (5G Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

1G GrandFather: William Hainault I Count Hainault, III Count Avesnes, III Count Holland, II Count Zeeland (4G Grandson Stephen I King England)

2G GrandFather: John Hainault II Count Hainault, II Count Holland (3G Grandson Stephen I King England)

3G GrandFather: John Hainault I Count Hainault (4G Grandson William "Conqueror" I King England)

4G GrandFather: Bouchard Avesnes

4G GrandMother: Margaret Flanders II Count Flanders (3G Granddaughter William "Conqueror" I King England)

3G GrandMother: Adelaide Countholland (2G Granddaughter Stephen I King England)

4G GrandFather: Floris Countholland IV Count Holland

4G GrandMother: Mathilde Reginar (1G Granddaughter Stephen I King England)

2G GrandMother: Philippa Luxembourg (5G Granddaughter William "Conqueror" I King England)

3G GrandFather: Henry "Great" Luxembourg V Count Luxembourg, III Count Namur

4G GrandFather: Waleran Luxembourg III Duke Limburg

4G GrandMother: Ermesinda Luxembourg

3G GrandMother: Margaret Bar (4G Granddaughter William "Conqueror" I King England)

4G GrandFather: Henry Bar II Count Bar (3G Grandson William "Conqueror" I King England)

4G GrandMother: Philippa Capet

1G GrandMother: Joan Valois (4G Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

2G GrandFather: Charles Valois I Count Valois (3G Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

3G GrandFather: Philip "Bold" III King France (2G Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

4G GrandFather: Louis IX King France (1G Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

4G GrandMother: Margaret Provence Queen Consort France

3G GrandMother: Isabella Barcelona

4G GrandFather: James I King Aragon

4G GrandMother: Violant Unknown

2G GrandMother: Margaret Capet (3G Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

3G GrandFather: Charles II King Naples (2G Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

4G GrandFather: Charles King Sicily (1G Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

4G GrandMother: Beatrice Provence Queen Consort Sicily

3G GrandMother: Mary Unknown

Mother: Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Plantagenet Princessss Wales (Granddaughter Edward "Longshanks" I King England)

GrandFather: Edmund Plantagenet 1st Earl Kent (Son Edward "Longshanks" I King England)

1G GrandFather: Edward "Longshanks" I King England (Son Henry III King England)

2G GrandFather: Henry III King England (Son John "Lackland" I King England)

3G GrandFather: John "Lackland" I King England (Son Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

4G GrandFather: Henry "Curtmantle" II King England (Grandson Henry "Beauclearc" I King England)

4G GrandMother: Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort France, Queen Consort England

3G GrandMother: Isabella Angouleme Queen Consort England

4G GrandFather: Aymer Angouleme I Count Angoulême

4G GrandMother: Alice Courtenay

2G GrandMother: Eleanor Provence Queen Consort England

3G GrandFather: Raymond Berenguer Provence IV Count Provence

4G GrandFather: Alfonso Barcelona II Count Provence

4G GrandMother: Gersenda II Sabran

3G GrandMother: Beatrice Savoy

4G GrandFather: Thomas Savoy I Count Savoy

4G GrandMother: Margaret Geneva

1G GrandMother: Margaret Capet (3G Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

2G GrandFather: Philip "Bold" III King France (2G Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

3G GrandFather: Louis IX King France (1G Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

4G GrandFather: Louis "Lion" VIII King France (3G Grandson William "Conqueror" I King England)

4G GrandMother: Blanche Ivrea Queen Consort France (Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

3G GrandMother: Margaret Provence Queen Consort France

4G GrandFather: Raymond Berenguer Provence IV Count Provence

4G GrandMother: Beatrice Savoy

2G GrandMother: Maria Reginar (3G Granddaughter Stephen I King England)

3G GrandFather: Henry Reginar III Duke Brabant (2G Grandson Stephen I King England)

4G GrandFather: Henry Reginar II Duke Brabant (1G Grandson Stephen I King England)

4G GrandMother: Marie Swabia

3G GrandMother: Adelaide Burgundy (5G Granddaughter William "Conqueror" I King England)

4G GrandFather: Hugh Burgundy IV Duke Burgundy (4G Grandson William "Conqueror" I King England)

4G GrandMother: Yolande Capet

GrandMother: Margaret Wake 3rd Baroness Wake Liddell (3G Granddaughter John "Lackland" I King England)

1G GrandFather: John Wake 1st Baron Wake Liddell (2G Grandson John "Lackland" I King England)

2G GrandFather: Baldwin Wake

2G GrandMother: Hawise Quincy (1G Granddaughter John "Lackland" I King England)

3G GrandFather: Robert Quincy

4G GrandFather: Saer Quincy 1st Earl Winchester

4G GrandMother: Margaret Beaumont-Roger

3G GrandMother: Elen ferch Llewellyn Aberffraw (Granddaughter John "Lackland" I King England)

4G GrandFather: Llewellyn "The Great" Aberffraw

4G GrandMother: Joan Plantagenet (Daughter John "Lackland" I King England)

1G GrandMother: Joan Fiennes (4G Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

2G GrandFather: William Fiennes

3G GrandFather: Enguerrand Ingleram Fiennes

4G GrandFather: William Fiennes

4G GrandMother: Agnes Dammartin

3G GrandMother: Isabel Provence

2G GrandMother: Blanche Beaumont (3G Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

3G GrandFather: John Beaumont (2G Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

4G GrandFather: John I King Jerusalem

4G GrandMother: Beregaria Ivrea (1G Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

3G GrandMother: Jeanne Chateaudun

4G GrandFather: Geoffrey Chateaudun VI Viscount Châteaudun

4G GrandMother: Clemence Roches