BIOGRAPHY OF HENRY OF GROSMONT 1ST DUKE LANCASTER 1310-1361

GENERAL

Paternal Family Tree: ANJOU

Descent English Royalty: 1G Grandson Henry III King England

Descent Royal House of Wessex: 8G Grandson Edmund "Ironside" I King England

EVENTS

Around 1310 Henry of Grosmont 1st Duke Lancaster was born to Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl Leicester, 3rd Earl Lancaster (29) and Maud Chaworth (27) at Grosmont Castle

In 1330 Henry of Grosmont 1st Duke Lancaster (20) was knighted

In 1336 Henry of Grosmont 1st Duke Lancaster (26) was appointed as King's Lieutenant in Scotland

In 1337 Henry of Grosmont 1st Duke Lancaster (27) was created 1st Earl Derby (2C 1337)

On 04 Apr 1339 Maud Plantagenet 5th Countess Leicester was born to Henry of Grosmont 1st Duke Lancaster (29) and Isabel Beaumont (19) at Bolingbroke Castle

On 24 Jun 1340 Edward III King England (27) attacked the French fleet at anchor during the Battle of Sluys capturing more than 200 ships, killing around 18000 French. The English force included John Beauchamp 1st Baron Beauchamp Warwick (24) , William Bohun 1st Earl Northampton (30) , Henry Scrope 1st Baron Scrope Masham (27) , William Latimer 4th Baron Latimer Corby (10) , John Lisle 2nd Baron Lisle (22) , Ralph Stafford 1st Earl Stafford (38) , Henry of Grosmont 1st Duke Lancaster (30) , Walter Manny 1st Baron Manny (30) and Richard Pembridge (20) . Thomas Monthermer 2nd Baron Monthermer (38) died from wounds.

On 23 Apr 1344 Henry of Grosmont 1st Duke Lancaster (34) was appointed 2nd Knight Garter: Founder

On 25 Mar 1345 Blanche Plantagenet 5th Countess Lancaster, 6th Countess Leicester was born to Henry of Grosmont 1st Duke Lancaster (35) and Isabel Beaumont (25) at Bolingbroke Castle

Around 25 Aug 1345 Henry of Grosmont 1st Duke Lancaster (35) commanded the English forces at Bergerac during the Battle of Bergerac. The English army including Walter Manny 1st Baron Manny (35) won a decisive victory over the French with Henri Montigny captured.

On 22 Sep 1345 Henry of Grosmont 1st Duke Lancaster (35) succeeded 4th Earl Leicester (2C 1265), 4th Earl Lancaster

On 21 Oct 1345 Henry of Grosmont 1st Duke Lancaster (35) commanded an English army including Walter Manny 1st Baron Manny (35) at Auberoche during the Battle of Auberoche. The battle was a significant victory for the English with the French forces being heavily defeated. The ransoms alone made a fortune for many of the soldiers in Derby's army, as well as Derby himself, who was said to have made at least £50,000 from the day's captives, and sealed his reputation as 'one of the best warriors in the world'.

On 03 Aug 1347 the English succeeded in capturing Calais providing England with a French port for the next two hundred years. Thomas Beauchamp 11th Earl Warwick (34) commanded, John Lisle 2nd Baron Lisle (29) , Richard Vache and Henry of Grosmont 1st Duke Lancaster (37) fought during the year long siege.

On 29 Aug 1350 the English fleet defeated a Castilian fleet at Winchelsea during the Battle of Winchelsea. Around twenty Castilian ships were captured; several were sunk. For the English Edward III King England (37) and his son Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales (20) , James Audley (32) , Henry Scrope 1st Baron Scrope Masham (37) , Henry of Grosmont 1st Duke Lancaster (40) and John Sully (67) fought.

In 1351 Henry of Grosmont 1st Duke Lancaster (41) was created 1st Duke Lancaster (1C 1351)

In 1353 Henry of Grosmont 1st Duke Lancaster (43) founded at Church of the Annunciation of our Lady of the Newarke

On 13 Apr 1360 a freak weather event known as Black Monday Hailstorm occurred as the army of Edward III King England (47) were camped outside Chartres. Thomas Beauchamp 11th Earl Warwick (47) , William Bohun 1st Earl Northampton (50) , Henry of Grosmont 1st Duke Lancaster (50) , Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales (29) and Walter Mauny were present. Around one thousand English were killed, with up to six thousand horses. Edward III King England (47) believed the event to be an Act of God and proceeded to negotiate with the French resulting in the Treaty of Bretigny.

On 23 Mar 1361 Henry of Grosmont 1st Duke Lancaster (51) died at Leicester Castle. [Death of Henry of Grosmont]

After 23 Mar 1361 Henry of Grosmont 1st Duke Lancaster was buried at Church of the Annunciation of our Lady of the Newarke

Henry of Grosmont 1st Duke Lancaster and Isabel Beaumont were married

ANCESTRY

Father: Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl Leicester, 3rd Earl Lancaster (Grandson Henry III King England)

GrandFather: Edmund Crouchback Plantagenet 1st Earl Leicester, 1st Earl Lancaster (Son Henry III King England)

1G GrandFather: Henry III King England (Son John "Lackland" I King England)

2G GrandFather: John "Lackland" I King England (Son Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

3G GrandFather: Henry "Curtmantle" II King England (Grandson Henry "Beauclearc" I King England)

4G GrandFather: Geoffrey Plantagenet Duke Normandy

4G GrandMother: Empress Matilda (Daughter Henry "Beauclearc" I King England)

3G GrandMother: Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort France, Queen Consort England

4G GrandFather: William "Saint" Poitiers X Duke Aquitaine

4G GrandMother: Aenor Chatellerault

2G GrandMother: Isabella Angouleme Queen Consort England

3G GrandFather: Aymer Angouleme I Count Angoulême

4G GrandFather: William "Taillefer" Angouleme VI Count Angoulême

3G GrandMother: Alice Courtenay

4G GrandFather: Peter Courtenay

4G GrandMother: Elizabeth Unknown

1G GrandMother: Eleanor Provence Queen Consort England

2G GrandFather: Raymond Berenguer Provence IV Count Provence

3G GrandFather: Alfonso Barcelona II Count Provence

4G GrandFather: Alfonso II King Aragon

4G GrandMother: Sancha Ivrea

3G GrandMother: Gersenda II Sabran

2G GrandMother: Beatrice Savoy

3G GrandFather: Thomas Savoy I Count Savoy

4G GrandFather: Humbert Savoy III Count Savoy

4G GrandMother: Beatrice Macon

3G GrandMother: Margaret Geneva

GrandMother: Blanche Capet (2G Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

1G GrandFather: Robert Capet (1G Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

2G GrandFather: Louis "Lion" VIII King France (3G Grandson William "Conqueror" I King England)

3G GrandFather: Philip Augustus II King France (2G Grandson William "Conqueror" I King England)

4G GrandFather: Louis VII King Franks

4G GrandMother: Adèle Blois (1G Granddaughter William "Conqueror" I King England)

3G GrandMother: Isabelle Flanders

4G GrandFather: Baldwin Flanders V Count Hainault

4G GrandMother: Margaret Metz I Count Flanders

2G GrandMother: Blanche Ivrea Queen Consort France (Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

3G GrandFather: Alfonso VIII King Castile

4G GrandFather: Sancho III King Castile

4G GrandMother: Blanche Ramirez

3G GrandMother: Eleanor Plantagenet Queen Castile (Daughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

4G GrandFather: Henry "Curtmantle" II King England (Grandson Henry "Beauclearc" I King England)

4G GrandMother: Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort France, Queen Consort England

1G GrandMother: Matilda Reginar (2G Granddaughter Stephen I King England)

2G GrandFather: Henry Reginar II Duke Brabant (1G Grandson Stephen I King England)

3G GrandFather: Henry Reginar VIII Duke Lower Lorraine, I Duke Brabant

4G GrandFather: Godfrey Reginar VIII Duke Lower Lorraine

4G GrandMother: Margaret Luxembourg

3G GrandMother: Maud Metz (Granddaughter Stephen I King England)

4G GrandFather: Matthew Metz Count Boulogne

4G GrandMother: Marie Blois I Count Boulogne (Daughter Stephen I King England)

2G GrandMother: Marie Swabia

3G GrandFather: Philip Swabia

Mother: Maud Chaworth

GrandFather: Patrick Chaworth

1G GrandFather: Patrick Chaworth

GrandMother: Isabella Beauchamp

1G GrandFather: William Beauchamp 9th Earl Warwick

2G GrandFather: William Beauchamp

3G GrandFather: Walter Beauchamp

4G GrandFather: William Beauchamp 2nd Baron Beauchamp

4G GrandMother: Jeanne de Saint-Valéry Saint-Valéry

3G GrandMother: Joan Mortimer

4G GrandFather: Roger Mortimer

4G GrandMother: Isabel Ferrers

2G GrandMother: Isabel Maudit

3G GrandFather: William Maudit

3G GrandMother: Alice Beaumont-Roger

4G GrandFather: Waleran Beaumont-Roger 4th Earl Warwick

4G GrandMother: Alice Harcourt

1G GrandMother: Maud Fitzjohn

2G GrandFather: John Fitzpeter

3G GrandFather: Geoffrey Fitzpeter 1st Earl Essex

3G GrandMother: Aveline Clare

4G GrandFather: Roger Clare 2nd Earl Hertford

4G GrandMother: Maud St Hilary

2G GrandMother: Isabel Bigod

3G GrandFather: Hugh Bigod 3rd Earl Norfolk

4G GrandFather: Roger Bigod 2nd Earl Norfolk

4G GrandMother: Ida Tosny

3G GrandMother: Maud Marshal

4G GrandFather: William Marshal

4G GrandMother: Isabel Clare 4th Countess Pembroke