BIOGRAPHY OF HENRY III KING ENGLAND 1207-1272

GENERAL

Paternal Family Tree: ANJOU

Descent English Royalty: Son John "Lackland" I King England

Descent French Royalty: 2G Grandson Louis "Fat" VI King France

Descent Royal House of Wessex: 5G Grandson Edmund "Ironside" I King England

EVENTS

On 01 Oct 1207 Henry III King England was born to John "Lackland" I King England (40) and Isabella Angouleme Queen Consort England (19) at Winchester Castle

On 19 Oct 1216 Henry III King England (9) succeeded III King England: Plantagenet Angevin

On 28 Oct 1216 Henry III King England (9) was crowned III King England: Plantagenet Angevin at Gloucester Cathedral during the Gloucester Coronation of Henry III at which Cardinal Guala Bicchieri (66) presided, Sylvester Unknown Bishop Worcester and Simon Unknown Bishop Exeter anointed the King. The coronation took place in Gloucester since London was at the time held by rebels. John Monmouth (34) was present.

On 17 May 1220 Henry III King England (12) was crowned III King England: Plantagenet Angevin at Westminster Abbey during the Westminster Coronation of Henry III since the Pope didn't consider the earlier Gloucester Coronation of Henry III to have been performed correctly. Stephen Langton Archbishop Canterbury presided.

In 1232 Ednyfed "Fychan aka Younger" Kingdom Gwynedd (62) represented Llewellyn "The Great" Aberffraw (60) at a meeting with Henry III King England (24)

On 14 Jan 1236 Henry III King England (28) and Eleanor Provence Queen Consort England (13) were married at Canterbury Cathedral by Edmund Rich Archbishop Canterbury (61) [Wedding of Henry III and Eleanor of Provence].

On 17 Jun 1239 Edward "Longshanks" I King England was born to Henry III King England (31) and Eleanor Provence Queen Consort England (16) at Westminster Palace

On 29 Sep 1240 Margaret Plantagenet was born to Henry III King England (32) and Eleanor Provence Queen Consort England (17) at Windsor Castle

On 24 Jun 1242 Beatrice Plantagenet was born to Henry III King England (34) and Eleanor Provence Queen Consort England (19) at Bordeaux

On 21 Jul 1242 the forces of Henry III King England (34) and Hugh Lusignan XI Count Lusignan, VI Count La Marche, II Count Angoulême (21) fought against the forces of at Louis IX King France (28) and his brother Alphonse Capet Count Poitou, II Count Toulose (21) at Taillebourg during the Battle of Taillebourg. The battle was a decisive victory for the French. Henry thereafter signed a five-year truce with the French.

On 16 Jan 1245 Edmund Crouchback Plantagenet 1st Earl Leicester, 1st Earl Lancaster was born to Henry III King England (37) and Eleanor Provence Queen Consort England (22) at City of London

In 1252 Roger Leybourne (37) was pardoned by Henry III King England (44)

On 25 Nov 1253 Katherine Plantagenet was born to Henry III King England (46) and Eleanor Provence Queen Consort England (30) at Westminster Palace

On 14 May 1264 the army of Simon Montfort 6th Earl Leicester (56) including Gilbert "Red Earl" Clare 7th Earl Gloucester, 6th Earl Hertford (20) , Henry Hastings (29) and Nicholas Segrave 1st Baron Segrave (26) defeated the army of Henry III King England (56) during the Battle of Lewes at Lewes. Henry III King England (56) , his son the future Edward "Longshanks" I King England (24) , Humphrey Bohun 2nd Earl Hereford, 1st Earl Essex (60) , Richard Cornwall 1st Earl Cornwall (55) , John "Red Comyn" Comyn 1st Lord Baddenoch (44) and John Giffard 1st Baron Giffard Brimpsfield (32) were captured. John Warenne 6th Earl Surrey (33) , John Balliol (56) , Robert Bruce 5th Lord Annadale (49) , Roger Leybourne (49) and William Valence 1st Earl Pembroke fought for the King. Guy Lusignan was killed. Fulk IV Fitzwarin (44) drowned. Walter Cantilupe Bishop Worcester (72) was present and blessed the Montfort army before the battle.

On 04 Aug 1265 the army loyal to Henry III King England (57) , led by his son the future Edward "Longshanks" I King England (26) , supported by Gilbert "Red Earl" Clare 7th Earl Gloucester, 6th Earl Hertford (21) , Warin Basingburne and John Giffard 1st Baron Giffard Brimpsfield (33) defeated the rebel army of Simon Montfort 6th Earl Leicester (57) . Roger Leybourne (50) fought and reputedly saved the King's life. Adam Mohaut rescued the King. The rebels Simon Montfort 6th Earl Leicester (57) and his son Henry Montfort (26) were killed. Hugh Despencer 1st Baron Despencer (41) was killed by Roger Mortimer 1st Baron Mortimer Wigmore (34) . The rebels Simon Beauchamp (31) , Ralph Basset 1st Baron Basset Drayton (23) , William Devereux (46) , Hugh Troyes, Richard Trussel, Peter Montfort (60) , William Mandeville, William Crepping, William Birmingham, Guy Balliol and Thomas Astley (50) were killed. Henry Hastings (30) , Humphrey Bohun (40) , Nicholas Segrave 1st Baron Segrave (27) , John Vesci, John Fitzjohn and Guy Montfort Count Nola (21) were captured. [Battle of Evesham]

On 31 Oct 1266 the Dictum of Kenilworth was issued. The Dictum was a peace agreement between Henry III King England (59) and the rebels who were besieged in the impregnable Kenilworth Castle. Those appointed to the committee by Parliament included: Bishops Walter Branscombe Bishop Exeter (46) , Walter Giffard Archbishop York (41) , Nicholas Unknown Bishop Worcester, Bishop Winchester, Earls Gilbert Clare 8th Earl Gloucester, 7th Earl Hertford and Humphrey Bohun 2nd Earl Hereford, 1st Earl Essex (62) and Barons Philip Basset (82) , John Balliol (58) , Robert Walerand, Alan Zouche (63) , Roger Somery 2nd Baron Dudley (76) and Warin Bassingbourne. The committee were given until All Saints Day, 01 Nov 1266, to draft and agreement. The primary purpose of the Dictum was to restore Royal authority repudiating the Provisions of Oxford, confirming the Magna Carta and Charter of the Forest. Rebels were fined five times their annual income. Rebel commanders Robert Ferrers 6th Earl Derby (27) and Henry Hastings (31) were fined seven times their annual income. The Dictum, however, required the rebels to pay their fines before being restored to their lands; something of a Catch-22 since if they weren't restored to their lands, they would have no income to pay the fine.

On 16 Nov 1272 Henry III King England (65) died at Westminster. [Death of Henry III]

ANCESTRY

Father: John "Lackland" I King England (Son Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

GrandFather: Henry "Curtmantle" II King England (Grandson Henry "Beauclearc" I King England)

1G GrandFather: Geoffrey Plantagenet Duke Normandy

2G GrandFather: Fulk "Young" King Jerusalem

3G GrandFather: Fulk "Réchin" Anjou 4th Count Anjou

4G GrandFather: Geoffrey "Ferréol" Anjou 2nd Count Gâtinais

4G GrandMother: Ermengarde-Blanche Ingelger

3G GrandMother: Bertrade Montfort

4G GrandFather: Simon Montfort

4G GrandMother: Agnes Normandy

2G GrandMother: Ermengarde La Flèche-De Baugency

3G GrandFather: Elias La Flèche-De Baugency I Count Maine

4G GrandFather: Jean de la Flèche La Flèche-De Baugency

4G GrandMother: Paula Maine

3G GrandMother: Matilda Chateau-Du-Loir

4G GrandFather: Gervais II Lord Chateau-Du-Loir

1G GrandMother: Empress Matilda (Daughter Henry "Beauclearc" I King England)

2G GrandFather: Henry "Beauclearc" I King England (Son William "Conqueror" I King England)

3G GrandFather: William "Conqueror" I King England

4G GrandFather: Robert "Magnificent" Normandy I Duke Normandy

4G GrandMother: Herleva Unknown

3G GrandMother: Matilda Flanders Queen Consort England

4G GrandFather: Baldwin "The Good" Flanders V Count Flanders

4G GrandMother: Adela Capet

2G GrandMother: Edith aka Matilda Dunkeld Queen Consort England

3G GrandFather: Malcolm III King Scotland

4G GrandFather: Duncan "The Sick" I King Scotland

4G GrandMother: Bethóc Unknown

3G GrandMother: Margaret Wessex

4G GrandFather: Edward "The Exile" Wessex

4G GrandMother: Agatha Unknown

GrandMother: Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort France, Queen Consort England

1G GrandFather: William "Saint" Poitiers X Duke Aquitaine

2G GrandFather: William "Troubadour" Poitiers IX Duke Aquitaine

3G GrandFather: [Guy] William Poitiers VIII Duke Aquitaine

4G GrandFather: William "Great" Poitiers V Duke Aquitaine

4G GrandMother: Agnes Ivrea

3G GrandMother: Hildegarde Burgundy

4G GrandFather: Robert Burgundy I Duke Burgundy

4G GrandMother: Ermengarde-Blanche Ingelger

2G GrandMother: Philippa Rouerge

3G GrandFather: William Rouerge Duke Narbonne

4G GrandFather: Pons Rouerge Margrave Provence

4G GrandMother: Almodis La Marche

3G GrandMother: Emma Mortain

4G GrandFather: Robert Mortain Count Mortain, 1st Earl Cornwall

4G GrandMother: Matilda or Maud Montgomery

1G GrandMother: Aenor Chatellerault

2G GrandFather: Aimery Chatellerault Viscount Châtellerault

2G GrandMother: Dangereuse Île-Bouchard

3G GrandFather: Bartholomew Île-Bouchard

Mother: Isabella Angouleme Queen Consort England

GrandFather: Aymer Angouleme I Count Angoulême

1G GrandFather: William "Taillefer" Angouleme VI Count Angoulême

2G GrandFather: Wulfgrin Angouleme II Count Angoulême

3G GrandFather: William Angouleme V Count Angoulême

4G GrandFather: Fulk Angouleme I Count Angoulême

3G GrandMother: Vitapoy Benauges

2G GrandMother: Pontia La Marche

3G GrandFather: Roger "The Poitevin" Montgomery Viscount Hiemois

4G GrandFather: Roger "The Great" Montgomery 1st Earl Shrewsbury

4G GrandMother: Mabel Bellême

3G GrandMother: Almodis La Marche

4G GrandFather: Aldebert La Marche II Count La Marche

GrandMother: Alice Courtenay

1G GrandFather: Peter Courtenay

2G GrandFather: Louis "Fat" VI King France

3G GrandFather: Philip "Amorous" I King France

4G GrandFather: Henry I King France

4G GrandMother: Anne Rurik

3G GrandMother: Bertha Countholland

4G GrandFather: Floris Countholland I Count Holland

4G GrandMother: Gertrude Billung

2G GrandMother: Adelaide Savoy

3G GrandFather: Humbert "Fat" Savoy II Count Savoy

4G GrandFather: Amadeus Savoy II Count Savoy

3G GrandMother: Gisela Ivrea

4G GrandFather: William Ivrea I Count Burgundy

4G GrandMother: Ettiennette Unknown

1G GrandMother: Elizabeth Unknown