BIOGRAPHY OF EDWARD YORK 1ST DUKE ALBEMARLE AKA AUMALE, 2ND DUKE YORK 1373-1415

GENERAL

Paternal Family Tree: ANJOU

Descent English Royalty: Grandson Edward III King England

Descent French Royalty: 2G Grandson Philip "Fair" IV King France

Descent Royal House of Wessex: 10G Grandson Edmund "Ironside" I King England

EVENTS

Around 1373 Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York was born to Edmund of Langley 1st Duke York (31) and Isabella of Castile (18) at King's Langley

On 16 Jul 1377 Richard II King England (10) was crowned II King England: Plantagenet Angevin at Westminster Abbey by Simon Sudbury Archbishop Canterbury (61) . Richard Fitzalan 9th Earl Surrey, 11th Earl Arundel (31) carried the Crown. Guichard Angle 1st Earl Huntingdon was appointed 1st Earl Huntingdon (3C 1377). Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York (4) and Robert Harrington 3rd Baron Harington (21) were knighted. Roger Scales 4th Baron Scales (23) attended. [Coronation of Richard II].

In 1381 Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York (8) and Beatrice Burgundy (8) were married

On May 1387 Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York (14) was appointed 76th Knight Garter: Richard II

On 25 Feb 1390 Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York (17) was created 1st Earl Rutland (1C 1390)

In 1394 Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York (21) was created 1st Earl Cork

On 29 Sep 1397 Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York (24) was created 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale (2C 1397)

Before 07 Oct 1398 Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York and Philippa Mohun were married

On 16 Apr 1399 Richard II King England (32) wrote his Last Will from which the following extracts are taken … Also we bequeath to our beloved nephew Thomas Holland 1st Duke Surrey (25) ten thousand marks and to our beloved brother Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York (26) two thousand marks and to our beloved brother John Holland 1st Duke Exeter (47) three thousand marks and to our faithful and beloved William Scrope 1st Earl Wiltshire (49) two thousand marks. .. we ordain and set aside for the fulfilment of all and singular the premises the sum of ninety-one thousand marks, of which sixty-five thousand marks are in the keeping of Sir John Ikelyngton and twenty-four thousand marks in the hands and keeping of our dear nephew Thomas Holland 1st Duke Surrey (25) .

.. Of this our royal testament we nominate make and depute executors the venerable fathers in Christ Richard Mitford Bishop Chichester, Bishop Salisbury, Edmund Stafford Bishop Exeter (55) , Robert Tideman of Winchcombe Bishop Llandaff, Bishop Worcester, Thomas Merke Bishop Carlisle and Guy Mone Aka Mohun Bishop St David's; our beloved brother Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York (26) , our nephew Thomas Holland 1st Duke Surrey (25) , our brother John Holland 1st Duke Exeter (47) and William Scrope 1st Earl Wiltshire (49) to each of whom we bequeath a gold cup of the value of twenty pounds and our beloved and faithful clerks Master Richard Clifford Bishop Bath and Wells, Bishop Worcester, Bishop London Keeper of our Privy Seal, Master Richard Maudeleyn, Master William Fereby and Master John Ikelyngton clerks and John Lufwyk and William Serle laymen, to each of whom we will shall be paid their expenses and necessary costs while it shall happen that they or any of them are employed about the execution of our present last will, but according to the discretion of their said co-executors. ..

Whom all and singular we have charged and charge that they shall do as much as in them is for the due execution and fulfilment of this our last will as they shall wish to answer before God. We create ordain depute and make overseers of this our will the reverend fathers in Christ Roger Walden Archbishop Canterbury and Richard Scrope Archbishop York (49) , William bishop of Winchester and William abbot of the monastery of Westminster Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York (26) our uncle and Henry Percy 1st Earl Northumberland (57) our cousin.

On 17 Dec 1399 the conspirators at Abbey House including Thomas Blount (47) , Thomas Despencer 1st Earl Gloucester (26) , Thomas Holland 1st Duke Surrey (25) , John Holland 1st Duke Exeter (47) , Ralph Lumley 1st Baron Lumley (39) , John Montagu 3rd Earl Salisbury (49) , Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York (26) , Bernard Brocas (45) . They plotted to capture Henry IV King England (32) at a Tournament in Windsor on the Feast of Epiphany hence the Epiphany Rising.

Before 07 Jan 1400 Henry IV King England was forewarned, probably by Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York, and began to raise an army in London. [Epiphany Rising].

On 01 Aug 1402 Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York (29) succeeded 2nd Duke York (1C 1385), 2nd Earl Cambridge (2C 1362)

On 25 Oct 1415 Henry V King England (29) defeated the French army at the Battle of Agincourt that was fought somewhere near Agincourt. Henry V King England (29) commanded the Main Battle. Thomas Camoys 1st Baron Camoys (64) commanded the Rearguard. Richard Vere 11th Earl Oxford (30) commanded. Humphrey Lancaster 1st Duke Gloucester (25) was wounded, and was protected by his brother Henry V King England (29) . Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York (42) , commander of the Vanguard, was killed; the most senior English casualty. John Fortescue (35) were killed. Michael Pole 3rd Earl Suffolk (21) , Dafydd Gam Brecon (35) and Edward Burnell were killed.

After 25 Oct 1415 Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York was buried at St Mary and All Saints

On 29 Jul 1476 Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York, Richard York Prince Wales and Edmund York 1st Earl Rutland were reburied at St Mary and All Saints in a ceremony attended by Edward IV King England (34) , George York 1st Duke Clarence (26) , Thomas Grey 1st Marquess Dorset (21) , William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings (45) , Anthony Woodville 2nd Earl Rivers (36) [Reburial of Richard and Edmund of York, and Edward of Norwich].

ANCESTRY

Father: Edmund of Langley 1st Duke York (Son Edward III King England)

GrandFather: Edward III King England (Son Edward II King England)

1G GrandFather: Edward II King England (Son Edward "Longshanks" I King England)

2G GrandFather: Edward "Longshanks" I King England (Son Henry III King England)

3G GrandFather: Henry III King England (Son John "Lackland" I King England)

4G GrandFather: John "Lackland" I King England (Son Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

4G GrandMother: Isabella Angouleme Queen Consort England

3G GrandMother: Eleanor Provence Queen Consort England

4G GrandFather: Raymond Berenguer Provence IV Count Provence

4G GrandMother: Beatrice Savoy

2G GrandMother: Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England (2G Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

3G GrandFather: Ferdinand III King Castile, III King Leon (1G Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

4G GrandFather: Alfonso IX King Leon

4G GrandMother: Berengaria Ivrea I Queen Castile (Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

3G GrandMother: Joan Dammartin Count Ponthieu

4G GrandFather: Simon Dammartin

4G GrandMother: Marie Montgomery Count Ponthieu

1G GrandMother: Isabella Capet Queen Consort England (4G Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

2G GrandFather: Philip "Fair" IV King France (3G Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

3G GrandFather: Philip "Bold" III King France (2G Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

4G GrandFather: Louis IX King France (1G Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

4G GrandMother: Margaret Provence Queen Consort France

3G GrandMother: Isabella Barcelona

4G GrandFather: James I King Aragon

4G GrandMother: Violant Unknown

2G GrandMother: Joan Blois I Queen Navarre (3G Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

3G GrandFather: Henry I King Navarre (4G Grandson William "Conqueror" I King England)

4G GrandFather: Theobald IV King Navarre (3G Grandson William "Conqueror" I King England)

4G GrandMother: Margaret Bourbon

3G GrandMother: Blanche Capet (2G Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

4G GrandFather: Robert Capet (1G Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

4G GrandMother: Matilda Reginar (2G Granddaughter Stephen I King England)

GrandMother: Philippa Hainault Queen Consort England (5G Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

1G GrandFather: William Hainault I Count Hainault, III Count Avesnes, III Count Holland, II Count Zeeland (4G Grandson Stephen I King England)

2G GrandFather: John Hainault II Count Hainault, II Count Holland (3G Grandson Stephen I King England)

3G GrandFather: John Hainault I Count Hainault (4G Grandson William "Conqueror" I King England)

4G GrandFather: Bouchard Avesnes

4G GrandMother: Margaret Flanders II Count Flanders (3G Granddaughter William "Conqueror" I King England)

3G GrandMother: Adelaide Countholland (2G Granddaughter Stephen I King England)

4G GrandFather: Floris Countholland IV Count Holland

4G GrandMother: Mathilde Reginar (1G Granddaughter Stephen I King England)

2G GrandMother: Philippa Luxembourg (5G Granddaughter William "Conqueror" I King England)

3G GrandFather: Henry "Great" Luxembourg V Count Luxembourg, III Count Namur

4G GrandFather: Waleran Luxembourg III Duke Limburg

4G GrandMother: Ermesinda Luxembourg

3G GrandMother: Margaret Bar (4G Granddaughter William "Conqueror" I King England)

4G GrandFather: Henry Bar II Count Bar (3G Grandson William "Conqueror" I King England)

4G GrandMother: Philippa Capet

1G GrandMother: Joan Valois (4G Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

2G GrandFather: Charles Valois I Count Valois (3G Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

3G GrandFather: Philip "Bold" III King France (2G Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

4G GrandFather: Louis IX King France (1G Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

4G GrandMother: Margaret Provence Queen Consort France

3G GrandMother: Isabella Barcelona

4G GrandFather: James I King Aragon

4G GrandMother: Violant Unknown

2G GrandMother: Margaret Capet (3G Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

3G GrandFather: Charles II King Naples (2G Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

4G GrandFather: Charles King Sicily (1G Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

4G GrandMother: Beatrice Provence Queen Consort Sicily

3G GrandMother: Mary Unknown

Mother: Isabella of Castile (6G Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

GrandFather: Peter "Cruel" I King Castile (5G Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

1G GrandFather: Alfonso "Avenger" XI King Castile (4G Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

2G GrandFather: Ferdinand IV King Castile, IV King Leon (4G Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

3G GrandFather: Sancho IV King Castile, IV King Leon (3G Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

4G GrandFather: Alfonso X King Castile, X King Leon (2G Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

4G GrandMother: Violante Barcelona

3G GrandMother: Maria Molina

2G GrandMother: Constance Burgundy (3G Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

3G GrandFather: Denis I King Portugal (2G Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

4G GrandFather: Alfonso III King Portugal (1G Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

4G GrandMother: Beatrice Ivrea (3G Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

3G GrandMother: Elisabeth Barcelona Queen Consort Portugal

4G GrandFather: Peter III King Aragon

4G GrandMother: Constance Hohenstaufen

1G GrandMother: Constanza Manuel

GrandMother: Maria Padilla

1G GrandFather: Juan García Padilla 1st Lord Villagera

2G GrandFather: Garcia Padilla

1G GrandMother: María González Henestrosa

2G GrandFather: Fernán González Henestrosa