BIOGRAPHY OF EDWARD "LONGSHANKS" I KING ENGLAND 1239-1307

GENERAL

Paternal Family Tree: ANJOU

Descent English Royalty: Son Henry III King England

Descent French Royalty: 3G Grandson Louis "Fat" VI King France

Descent Royal House of Wessex: 6G Grandson Edmund "Ironside" I King England

EVENTS

On 17 Jun 1239 Edward "Longshanks" I King England was born to Henry III King England (31) and Eleanor Provence Queen Consort England (16) at Westminster Palace

On 22 Jun 1239 Edward "Longshanks" I King England was christened at Westminster Abbey during the Christening of Edward I with Humphrey Bohun 2nd Earl Hereford, 1st Earl Essex (35) as godfather. He was named after Edward "Confessor" King England

On 01 Nov 1254 Edward "Longshanks" I King England (15) and Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England (13) were married at Abbey of Santa Maria la Real de Huelgas [Wedding of Edward I and Eleanor of Castile].

On 06 Apr 1264 the future Edward "Longshanks" I King England (24) and Roger Leybourne (49) fought for the King at Northampton Castle during the Battle of Northampton. Simon Montfort 6th Earl Leicester (56) fought for the rebels with his son Simon "Younger" Montfort (24) who was captured.

On 14 May 1264 the army of Simon Montfort 6th Earl Leicester (56) including Gilbert "Red Earl" Clare 7th Earl Gloucester, 6th Earl Hertford (20) , Henry Hastings (29) and Nicholas Segrave 1st Baron Segrave (26) defeated the army of Henry III King England (56) during the Battle of Lewes at Lewes. Henry III King England (56) , his son the future Edward "Longshanks" I King England (24) , Humphrey Bohun 2nd Earl Hereford, 1st Earl Essex (60) , Richard Cornwall 1st Earl Cornwall (55) , John "Red Comyn" Comyn 1st Lord Baddenoch (44) and John Giffard 1st Baron Giffard Brimpsfield (32) were captured. John Warenne 6th Earl Surrey (33) , John Balliol (56) , Robert Bruce 5th Lord Annadale (49) , Roger Leybourne (49) and William Valence 1st Earl Pembroke fought for the King. Guy Lusignan was killed. Fulk IV Fitzwarin (44) drowned. Walter Cantilupe Bishop Worcester (72) was present and blessed the Montfort army before the battle.

On 28 May 1264 Edward "Longshanks" I King England (24) escaped at Hereford

On 28 May 1265 Edward "Longshanks" I King England (25) , with the help of Roger Leybourne (50) escaped from Kenilworth Castle [Prince Edward's Escape from Kenilworth Castle].

On 04 Aug 1265 the army loyal to Henry III King England (57) , led by his son the future Edward "Longshanks" I King England (26) , supported by Gilbert "Red Earl" Clare 7th Earl Gloucester, 6th Earl Hertford (21) , Warin Basingburne and John Giffard 1st Baron Giffard Brimpsfield (33) defeated the rebel army of Simon Montfort 6th Earl Leicester (57) . Roger Leybourne (50) fought and reputedly saved the King's life. Adam Mohaut rescued the King. The rebels Simon Montfort 6th Earl Leicester (57) and his son Henry Montfort (26) were killed. Hugh Despencer 1st Baron Despencer (41) was killed by Roger Mortimer 1st Baron Mortimer Wigmore (34) . The rebels Simon Beauchamp (31) , Ralph Basset 1st Baron Basset Drayton (23) , William Devereux (46) , Hugh Troyes, Richard Trussel, Peter Montfort (60) , William Mandeville, William Crepping, William Birmingham, Guy Balliol and Thomas Astley (50) were killed. Henry Hastings (30) , Humphrey Bohun (40) , Nicholas Segrave 1st Baron Segrave (27) , John Vesci, John Fitzjohn and Guy Montfort Count Nola (21) were captured. [Battle of Evesham]

On 18 Jun 1269 Eleanor Plantagenet was born to Edward "Longshanks" I King England (30) and Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England (28) at Windsor Castle

On Apr 1272 Joan of Acre was born to Edward "Longshanks" I King England (32) and Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England (31) at Acre

On 16 Nov 1272 Edward "Longshanks" I King England (33) succeeded I King England: Plantagenet Angevin

On 24 Nov 1273 Alfonso Plantagenet was born to Edward "Longshanks" I King England (34) and Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England (32)

On 19 Aug 1274 Edward "Longshanks" I King England (35) was crowned I King England: Plantagenet Angevin at Westminster Abbey. Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England (33) was crowned as Queen Consort England [Coronation Edward I].

On 15 Mar 1275 Margaret Plantagenet was born to Edward "Longshanks" I King England (35) and Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England (34) at Windsor Castle

In 1277 Edward "Longshanks" I King England (37) and Llewellyn "Last" Aberffraw (44) signed the Treaty of Aberconwy by which Llewellyn "Last" Aberffraw (44) agreed that Welsh self-rule would end with the death of Llewellyn "Last" Aberffraw (44) . As part of the Treaty Owain "The Red" Aberffraw (44) was released from Dolbadarn Castle.

On 11 Mar 1279 Mary Plantagenet was born to Edward "Longshanks" I King England (39) and Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England (38) at Woodstock Palace

On 07 Aug 1282 Elizabeth Plantagenet was born to Edward "Longshanks" I King England (43) and Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England (41) at Rhuddlan Castle

On 25 Apr 1284 Edward II King England was born to Edward "Longshanks" I King England (44) and Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England (43) at Caernarfon Castle

On 22 Jul 1298 Edward "Longshanks" I King England (59) defeated the Scottish army led by William Wallace during the Battle of Falkirk at Falkirk using archers to firstly attack the Scottish shiltrons with the heavy cavalry and infantry completing the defeat. The English were described in the Falkirk Roll that lists 111 men with their armorials. The English army included: Guy Beauchamp 10th Earl Warwick (26) , Walter Beauchamp (55) , Roger Bigod 5th Earl Norfolk (53) , Humphrey Bohun 3rd Earl Hereford, 2nd Earl Essex (49) , Robert Clifford 1st Baron Clifford (24) , Hugh "Elder" Despencer 1st Earl Winchester (37) , William Ferrers 1st Baron Ferrers Groby (26) , Thomas Berkeley 6th Baron Berkeley (52) , Maurice Berkeley 7th Baron Berkeley (27) , Henry Grey 1st Baron Grey Codnor (43) , Reginald Grey 1st Baron Grey Wilton (58) , John Grey 2nd Baron Grey Wilton (30) , John Mohun 1st Baron Mohun Dunster (29) , Simon Montagu 1st Baron Montagu (48) , Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March (11) , William Ros 1st Baron Ros Helmsley (43) , John Segrave 2nd Baron Segrave (42) , Nicholas Segrave (42) , Robert Vere 6th Earl Oxford (41) , Alan Zouche 1st Baron Zouche Ashby (30) , Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl Leicester, 2nd Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, 4th Earl Lincoln (20) , Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl Leicester, 3rd Earl Lancaster (17) , John Warenne 6th Earl Surrey (67) , Henry Percy 1st Baron Percy (25) , Hugh Courtenay 9th Earl Devon (21) , Richard Fitzalan 8th Earl Arundel (31) , Henry Beaumont 4th Earl Buchan (18) , John Capet II Duke Brittany (59) , Philip Darcy, Robert Fitzroger, Roger Fitzwalter, Simon Fraser, Aymer Valence 2nd Earl Pembroke (23) , John Wake 1st Baron Wake Liddell (30) and Henry Lacy 3rd Earl Lincoln, 4th Earl Salisbury (47) . William Scrope (53) was knighted. Of the Scottish army John Stewart was killed. William Boyd 4th Earl Kilmarnock fought.

On 08 Sep 1299 Edward "Longshanks" I King England (60) and Margaret Capet (20) were married

On 01 Jun 1300 Thomas of Brotherton 1st Earl Norfolk was born to Edward "Longshanks" I King England (60) and Margaret Capet (21) at Brotherton

On 05 Aug 1301 Edmund Plantagenet 1st Earl Kent was born to Edward "Longshanks" I King England (62) and Margaret Capet (22) at Woodstock Palace

On 10 Feb 1305 John Comyn 3rd Lord Baddenoch (36) was murdered by Robert "The Bruce" I King Scotland (30) before the High Altar at Greyfriars Monastery Chapel. Robert Comyn, John's uncle, was killed by Christopher Seton (27) . Murder, in a church, in front of the altar, regarded as a terrible crime. The act gave Edward "Longshanks" I King England (65) just cause to invade Scotland. [Robert "The Bruce" murders John "Red Comyn"]

On 26 Feb 1307 Piers Gaveston 1st Earl Cornwall (23) exiled by Edward "Longshanks" I King England (67) for being Edward II King England (22) 's favourite

On 07 Jul 1307 Edward "Longshanks" I King England (68) died at Burgh by Sands whilst on his way north to Scotland. Edward "Longshanks" I King England (68) gathered around him Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl Leicester, 2nd Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, 4th Earl Lincoln (29) , Guy Beauchamp 10th Earl Warwick (35) , Aymer Valence 2nd Earl Pembroke (32) and Robert Clifford 1st Baron Clifford (33) and charged them with looking after his son in particular ensuring Piers Gaveston 1st Earl Cornwall (23) didn't return from exile. [Death of Edward I].

After 07 Jul 1307 Edward "Longshanks" I King England was buried at Westminster Abbey

In 1339 William "Flower of Chivalry and Knight Liddesdale" Douglas 1st Earl Atholl (39) visited Edward "Longshanks" I King England at Château Gaillard

ANCESTRY

Father: Henry III King England (Son John "Lackland" I King England)

GrandFather: John "Lackland" I King England (Son Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

1G GrandFather: Henry "Curtmantle" II King England (Grandson Henry "Beauclearc" I King England)

2G GrandFather: Geoffrey Plantagenet Duke Normandy

3G GrandFather: Fulk "Young" King Jerusalem

4G GrandFather: Fulk "Réchin" Anjou 4th Count Anjou

4G GrandMother: Bertrade Montfort

3G GrandMother: Ermengarde La Flèche-De Baugency

4G GrandFather: Elias La Flèche-De Baugency I Count Maine

4G GrandMother: Matilda Château-Du-Loir

2G GrandMother: Empress Matilda (Daughter Henry "Beauclearc" I King England)

3G GrandFather: Henry "Beauclearc" I King England (Son William "Conqueror" I King England)

4G GrandFather: William "Conqueror" I King England

4G GrandMother: Matilda Flanders Queen Consort England

3G GrandMother: Edith aka Matilda Dunkeld Queen Consort England

4G GrandFather: Malcolm III King Scotland

4G GrandMother: Margaret Wessex

1G GrandMother: Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort France, Queen Consort England

2G GrandFather: William "Saint" Poitiers X Duke Aquitaine

3G GrandFather: William "Troubadour" Poitiers IX Duke Aquitaine

4G GrandFather: [Guy] William Poitiers VIII Duke Aquitaine

4G GrandMother: Hildegarde Burgundy

3G GrandMother: Philippa Rouerge

4G GrandFather: William Rouerge Duke Narbonne

4G GrandMother: Emma Mortain

2G GrandMother: Aenor Châtellerault

3G GrandFather: Aimery Châtellerault Viscount Châtellerault

3G GrandMother: Dangereuse Île-Bouchard

4G GrandFather: Bartholomew Île-Bouchard

GrandMother: Isabella Angouleme Queen Consort England

1G GrandFather: Aymer Angouleme I Count Angoulême

2G GrandFather: William "Taillefer" Angouleme VI Count Angoulême

3G GrandFather: Wulfgrin Angouleme II Count Angoulême

4G GrandFather: William Angouleme V Count Angoulême

4G GrandMother: Vitapoy Benauges

3G GrandMother: Pontia La Marche

4G GrandFather: Roger "The Poitevin" Montgomery Viscount Hiemois

4G GrandMother: Almodis La Marche

1G GrandMother: Alice Courtenay

2G GrandFather: Peter Courtenay

3G GrandFather: Louis "Fat" VI King France

4G GrandFather: Philip "Amorous" I King France

4G GrandMother: Bertha Countholland

3G GrandMother: Adelaide Savoy

4G GrandFather: Humbert "Fat" Savoy II Count Savoy

4G GrandMother: Gisela Ivrea

2G GrandMother: Elizabeth Unknown

Mother: Eleanor Provence Queen Consort England

GrandFather: Raymond Berenguer Provence IV Count Provence

1G GrandFather: Alfonso Barcelona II Count Provence

2G GrandFather: Alfonso II King Aragon

3G GrandFather: Raymond Berenguer Barcelona V Count Barcelona

4G GrandFather: Raymond Berenguer Barcelona III Count Barcelona

2G GrandMother: Sancha Ivrea

3G GrandFather: Alfonso VII King Castile, VII King Leon

4G GrandFather: Raymond Ivrea

4G GrandMother: Urracca "Reckless" Jiménez Queen Consort Leon

3G GrandMother: Richeza Unknown

1G GrandMother: Gersenda II Sabran

GrandMother: Beatrice Savoy

1G GrandFather: Thomas Savoy I Count Savoy

2G GrandFather: Humbert Savoy III Count Savoy

3G GrandFather: Amadeus Savoy III Count Savoy

4G GrandFather: Humbert "Fat" Savoy II Count Savoy

4G GrandMother: Gisela Ivrea

3G GrandMother: Mahaut Albon

2G GrandMother: Beatrice Mâcon

1G GrandMother: Margaret Geneva