BIOGRAPHY OF EDWARD III KING ENGLAND 1312-1377

GENERAL

Paternal Family Tree: ANJOU

Descent English Royalty: Son Edward II King England

Descent French Royalty: Grandson Philip "Fair" IV King France

Descent Royal House of Wessex: 8G Grandson Edmund "Ironside" I King England

EVENTS

On 12 Nov 1312 Edward III King England was born to Edward II King England (28) and Isabella Capet Queen Consort England (17) at Windsor Castle

On 25 Jan 1327 Edward III King England (14) succeeded III King England: Plantagenet Angevin

On 01 Feb 1327 Edward III King England (14) was crowned III King England: Plantagenet Angevin at Westminster Abbey by Walter Reynolds, Archbishop Canterbury. [Coronation of Edward III].

On 24 Jan 1328 Edward III King England (15) and Philippa Hainault Queen Consort England (13) were married at York Minster [Marriage of King Edward III and Philippa of Hainault].

On 31 May 1328 the Mortimer family leveraged their new status at a lavish ceremony that celebrated two marriages in Hereford. Edward Plantagenet (8) and Beatrice Mortimer (6) were married. Laurence Hastings 1st Earl Pembroke (9) and Agnes Mortimer (11) were married. Edward III King England (15) and his mother Isabella Capet Queen Consort England (33) attended as well as Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March (41) . [Mortimer Double Marriage and Tournament].

On 19 Mar 1330 the King's uncle Edmund Plantagenet 1st Earl Kent (28) was beheaded at Winchester Castle by a convicted latrine cleaner who was also facing the death penalty; no-one else would undertake the task. He had been convicted of plotting against the court believing his brother Edward II was still alive. It later emerged the plot had been created by Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March (42) to entrap Edmund Plantagenet 1st Earl Kent (28) . Edward III King England (17) was unable to show leniency risking complicity in the plot. [Execution of Edmund of Woodstock]

On 15 Jun 1330 Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales was born to Edward III King England (17) and Philippa Hainault Queen Consort England (15) at Woodstock Palace

On 19 Oct 1330 John Neville (30) , William Eland, William Bohun 1st Earl Northampton (20) , William Clinton 1st Earl Huntingdon (26) and William Montagu 1st Earl Salisbury (29) , friends of Edward III King England (17) secretly entered Nottingham Castle through tunnels, met with Edward III King England (17) , and arrested Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March (43) and his son Geoffrey Mortimer (21) in the presence of Isabella Capet Queen Consort England (35) [Edward III arrests Roger Mortimer].

On 16 Jun 1332 Isabella Plantagenet was born to Edward III King England (19) and Philippa Hainault Queen Consort England (17) at Woodstock Palace

On 19 Jul 1333 Edward III King England (20) defeated the Scots army at the Battle of Halidon Hill near Berwick on Tweed. English archers, just as at the Battle of Dupplin Moor one year previously, had a significant impact on the massed ranks of Scottish schiltrons. Edward's army included: Thomas of Brotherton 1st Earl Norfolk (33) , who commanded the right wing, Hugh Courtenay 9th Earl Devon (56) , Robert Pierrepoint, Hugh Courtenay 10th Earl Devon (30) , Henry Beaumont 4th Earl Buchan (53) and John Sully (50) . One of the few English casualties was John Neville (34) who was killed. The Scottish army included David II King Scotland (9) . Alexander Bruce, Alan Stewart, John Stewart, James Stewart (57) , John Stewart, William Douglas 1st Earl Atholl, Archibald Douglas (35) , Malcolm Lennox 2nd Earl Lennox, Hugh Ross 4th Earl Ross (36) and Kenneth de Moravia Sutherland 4th Earl Sutherland who were all killed.

On 19 Dec 1333 Joan Plantagenet was born to Edward III King England (21) and Philippa Hainault Queen Consort England (19) at Tower of London

On 30 Nov 1335 David III Strathbogie 11th Earl Atholl (26) was killed at Culblean during the Battle of Culblean. Whilst small the battle had a significant impact insofar as it brought an end to the campaign of Edward III King England (23) also ending the aspirations to the Scottish throne of Edward I King Scotland (52) .

Before 06 Jul 1336 Ralph Stafford 1st Earl Stafford abducted Margaret Audley 2nd Baroness Audley Stratton Audley. She being the heir of the very wealthy Hugh Audley 1st Earl Gloucester; considerably more wealthy than Ralph. Edward III King England was sympathetic despite the complaint of her father since Ralph had been one of Edward III King England's key supporters during the plot to arrest Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March. Margaret Audley 2nd Baroness Audley Stratton Audley's father was subsequently created Earl as a quid pro quo.

In 1337 Hugh Audley 1st Earl Gloucester (46) was created 1st Earl Gloucester (3C 1337) by Edward III King England (24) as compensation for his daughter Margaret Audley 2nd Baroness Audley Stratton Audley (19) having been abducted by Ralph Stafford 1st Earl Stafford (35) .

On 16 Feb 1337 William Plantagenet was born to Edward III King England (24) and Philippa Hainault Queen Consort England (22) at Hatfield

On 29 Nov 1338 Lionel Plantagenet 1st Duke Clarence was born to Edward III King England (26) and Philippa Hainault Queen Consort England (24) at Antwerp

On 06 Mar 1340 John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster was born to Edward III King England (27) and Philippa Hainault Queen Consort England (25) at Ghent

On 24 Jun 1340 Edward III King England (27) attacked the French fleet at anchor during the Battle of Sluys capturing more than 200 ships, killing around 18000 French. The English force included John Beauchamp 1st Baron Beauchamp Warwick (24) , William Bohun 1st Earl Northampton (30) , Henry Scrope 1st Baron Scrope Masham (27) , William Latimer 4th Baron Latimer Corby (10) , John Lisle 2nd Baron Lisle (22) , Ralph Stafford 1st Earl Stafford (38) , Henry of Grosmont 1st Duke Lancaster (30) , Walter Manny 1st Baron Manny (30) and Richard Pembridge (20) . Thomas Monthermer 2nd Baron Monthermer (38) died from wounds.

On 05 Jun 1341 Edmund of Langley 1st Duke York was born to Edward III King England (28) and Philippa Hainault Queen Consort England (26) at King's Langley

On 23 Apr 1344 Edward III King England (31) was appointed 0th Knight Garter: Founder

On 10 Oct 1344 Mary Plantagenet was born to Edward III King England (31) and Philippa Hainault Queen Consort England (30) at Bishop Waltham's Palace

After 22 Sep 1345 Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl Leicester, 3rd Earl Lancaster was buried at Hospital Chapel at a ceremony attended by Edward III King England and his wife Philippa Hainault Queen Consort England during the Funeral Henry 3rd Earl Lancaster

On 12 Jul 1346 Edward III King England (33) landed at La Hogue

On 20 Jul 1346 Margaret Plantagenet was born to Edward III King England (33) and Philippa Hainault Queen Consort England (32)

On 26 Aug 1346 the army of Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales (16) defeated the French army at Crecy during the Battle of Crecy. The English army was commanded by Edward III King England (33) , his son Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales (16) , Thomas Beauchamp 11th Earl Warwick (33) , William Bohun 1st Earl Northampton (36) and John Beauchamp 1st Baron Beauchamp Warwick (30) .

On 29 Aug 1350 the English fleet defeated a Castilian fleet at Winchelsea during the Battle of Winchelsea. Around twenty Castilian ships were captured; several were sunk. For the English Edward III King England (37) and his son Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales (20) , James Audley (32) , Henry Scrope 1st Baron Scrope Masham (37) , Henry of Grosmont 1st Duke Lancaster (40) and John Sully (67) fought.

In 1354 Henry Green was knighted by Edward III King England (41)

On 07 Jan 1355 Thomas Plantagenet 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 1st Duke Gloucester was born to Edward III King England (42) and Philippa Hainault Queen Consort England (40) at Woodstock Palace

On 20 Jan 1356 Edward I King Scotland (73) surrendered his claim to the Scottish throne to Edward III King England (43) in the presence of William Latimer 4th Baron Latimer Corby (25) [Edward Balliol surrenders his claim to be King Scotland].

On 13 Apr 1360 a freak weather event known as Black Monday Hailstorm occurred as the army of Edward III King England (47) were camped outside Chartres. Thomas Beauchamp 11th Earl Warwick (47) , William Bohun 1st Earl Northampton (50) , Henry of Grosmont 1st Duke Lancaster (50) , Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales (29) and Walter Mauny were present. Around one thousand English were killed, with up to six thousand horses. Edward III King England (47) believed the event to be an Act of God and proceeded to negotiate with the French resulting in the Treaty of Bretigny.

On 24 Oct 1360, three weeks after the Black Monday Hailstorm, Edward III King England (47) and John "The Good" II King France (41) , and their eldest sons Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales (30) and the future Charles V King France (22) , ratified the Treaty of Brétigny at Calais. Louis Valois-Anjou I Duke Anjou (21) and John Valois 1st Duke Berry (19) were given as hostages. Philip "Bold" Valois-Burgundy II Duke Burgundy (18) was ransomed. The treaty confirmed lands held by Edward III King England (47) including Aquitaine. John "The Good" II King France (41) was ransomed for three million écus being released after the payment of the first third.

In 1363 Robert Harrington 3rd Baron Harington (7) became a ward of Edward III King England (50)

On 21 Jun 1377 Edward III King England (64) died of a stroke at Sheen Palace. [Death of Edward III]

After 21 Jun 1377 Edward III King England was buried at St Edward the Confessor's Chapel

After 1396. Monument to Robert Willoughby 4th Baron Willoughby Eresby and his third wife Elizabeth Latimer 5th Baroness Latimer Corby. Early Plate Period (Bascinet) Period. Remarkable helm on which the Baron's head rests. The effigy of a bearded man, possibly generic. The presence of a coronet or crown may suggest the face is that of Edward III King England in whose reign Robert died. Excellent orle around the Baron's bascinet. [Monument to Robert Willoughby 4th Baron Willoughby Eresby 1349-1396 and his third wife Elizabeth Latimer 5th Baron Latimer Corby 1357-1395]

ANCESTRY

Father: Edward II King England (Son Edward "Longshanks" I King England)

GrandFather: Edward "Longshanks" I King England (Son Henry III King England)

1G GrandFather: Henry III King England (Son John "Lackland" I King England)

2G GrandFather: John "Lackland" I King England (Son Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

3G GrandFather: Henry "Curtmantle" II King England (Grandson Henry "Beauclearc" I King England)

4G GrandFather: Geoffrey Plantagenet Duke Normandy

4G GrandMother: Empress Matilda (Daughter Henry "Beauclearc" I King England)

3G GrandMother: Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort France, Queen Consort England

4G GrandFather: William "Saint" Poitiers X Duke Aquitaine

4G GrandMother: Aenor Châtellerault

2G GrandMother: Isabella Angouleme Queen Consort England

3G GrandFather: Aymer Angouleme I Count Angoulême

4G GrandFather: William "Taillefer" Angouleme VI Count Angoulême

3G GrandMother: Alice Courtenay

4G GrandFather: Peter Courtenay

4G GrandMother: Elizabeth Unknown

1G GrandMother: Eleanor Provence Queen Consort England

2G GrandFather: Raymond Berenguer Provence IV Count Provence

3G GrandFather: Alfonso Barcelona II Count Provence

4G GrandFather: Alfonso II King Aragon

4G GrandMother: Sancha Ivrea

3G GrandMother: Gersenda II Sabran

2G GrandMother: Beatrice Savoy

3G GrandFather: Thomas Savoy I Count Savoy

4G GrandFather: Humbert Savoy III Count Savoy

4G GrandMother: Beatrice Mâcon

3G GrandMother: Margaret Geneva

GrandMother: Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England (2G Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

1G GrandFather: Ferdinand III King Castile, III King Leon (1G Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

2G GrandFather: Alfonso IX King Leon

3G GrandFather: Ferdinand II King Leon

4G GrandFather: Alfonso VII King Castile, VII King Leon

4G GrandMother: Berenguela Barcelona

3G GrandMother: Urraca Burgundy Queen Consort Leon

4G GrandFather: Afonso "Conqueror Founder Great" I King Portugal

4G GrandMother: Malfada Savoy Queen Consort Portugal

2G GrandMother: Berengaria Ivrea I Queen Castile (Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

3G GrandFather: Alfonso VIII King Castile

4G GrandFather: Sancho III King Castile

4G GrandMother: Blanche Ramirez

3G GrandMother: Eleanor Plantagenet Queen Castile (Daughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

4G GrandFather: Henry "Curtmantle" II King England (Grandson Henry "Beauclearc" I King England)

4G GrandMother: Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort France, Queen Consort England

1G GrandMother: Joan Dammartin Count Ponthieu

2G GrandFather: Simon Dammartin

3G GrandFather: Alberic Dammartin

3G GrandMother: Mathilde Clermont

4G GrandFather: Renaud II Clermont

2G GrandMother: Marie Montgomery Count Ponthieu

3G GrandFather: William Montgomery IV Count Ponthieu

4G GrandFather: John Montgomery I Count Ponthieu

4G GrandMother: Beatrice St Pol

3G GrandMother: Alys Capet

4G GrandFather: Louis VII King Franks

4G GrandMother: Constance Ivrea

Mother: Isabella Capet Queen Consort England (4G Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

GrandFather: Philip "Fair" IV King France (3G Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

1G GrandFather: Philip "Bold" III King France (2G Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

2G GrandFather: Louis IX King France (1G Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

3G GrandFather: Louis "Lion" VIII King France (3G Grandson William "Conqueror" I King England)

4G GrandFather: Philip Augustus II King France (2G Grandson William "Conqueror" I King England)

4G GrandMother: Isabelle Flanders

3G GrandMother: Blanche Ivrea Queen Consort France (Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

4G GrandFather: Alfonso VIII King Castile

4G GrandMother: Eleanor Plantagenet Queen Castile (Daughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

2G GrandMother: Margaret Provence Queen Consort France

3G GrandFather: Raymond Berenguer Provence IV Count Provence

4G GrandFather: Alfonso Barcelona II Count Provence

4G GrandMother: Gersenda II Sabran

3G GrandMother: Beatrice Savoy

4G GrandFather: Thomas Savoy I Count Savoy

4G GrandMother: Margaret Geneva

1G GrandMother: Isabella Barcelona

2G GrandFather: James I King Aragon

3G GrandFather: Peter II King Aragon

4G GrandFather: Alfonso II King Aragon

4G GrandMother: Sancha Ivrea

3G GrandMother: Marie Montpellier

2G GrandMother: Violant Unknown

GrandMother: Joan Blois I Queen Navarre (3G Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

1G GrandFather: Henry I King Navarre (4G Grandson William "Conqueror" I King England)

2G GrandFather: Theobald IV King Navarre (3G Grandson William "Conqueror" I King England)

3G GrandFather: Theobald Blois (2G Grandson William "Conqueror" I King England)

4G GrandFather: Henry Blois I Count Champagne (1G Grandson William "Conqueror" I King England)

4G GrandMother: Marie Capet

3G GrandMother: Blanche Ramirez

4G GrandFather: Sancho "Wise" Ramirez

4G GrandMother: Sancha Ivrea

2G GrandMother: Margaret Bourbon

1G GrandMother: Blanche Capet (2G Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

2G GrandFather: Robert Capet (1G Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

3G GrandFather: Louis "Lion" VIII King France (3G Grandson William "Conqueror" I King England)

4G GrandFather: Philip Augustus II King France (2G Grandson William "Conqueror" I King England)

4G GrandMother: Isabelle Flanders

3G GrandMother: Blanche Ivrea Queen Consort France (Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

4G GrandFather: Alfonso VIII King Castile

4G GrandMother: Eleanor Plantagenet Queen Castile (Daughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

2G GrandMother: Matilda Reginar (2G Granddaughter Stephen I King England)

3G GrandFather: Henry Reginar II Duke Brabant (1G Grandson Stephen I King England)

4G GrandFather: Henry Reginar VIII Duke Lower Lorraine, I Duke Brabant

4G GrandMother: Maud Metz (Granddaughter Stephen I King England)

3G GrandMother: Marie Swabia

4G GrandFather: Philip Swabia