BIOGRAPHY OF EDWARD "BLACK PRINCE" PLANTAGENET PRINCE WALES 1330-1376

GENERAL

Paternal Family Tree: ANJOU

Descent English Royalty: Son Edward III King England

Descent French Royalty: 1G Grandson Philip "Fair" IV King France

Descent Royal House of Wessex: 9G Grandson Edmund "Ironside" I King England

EVENTS

On 15 Jun 1330 Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales was born to Edward III King England (17) and Philippa Hainault Queen Consort England (15) at Woodstock Palace

On 17 Mar 1337 Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales (6) was appointed as Duke Cornwall

On 12 May 1343 Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales (12) was appointed as Prince Wales

On 23 Apr 1344 Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales (13) was appointed 1st Knight Garter: Founder

On 26 Aug 1346 the army of Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales (16) defeated the French army at Crecy during the Battle of Crecy. The English army was commanded by Edward III King England (33) , his son Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales (16) , Thomas Beauchamp 11th Earl Warwick (33) , William Bohun 1st Earl Northampton (36) and John Beauchamp 1st Baron Beauchamp Warwick (30) .

On 09 Apr 1347 Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales (16) attended a Tournament at Lichfield. John Lisle 2nd Baron Lisle (29) , Hugh Courtenay 10th Earl Devon (43) (or possibly his son also Hugh Courtenay) and Robert Ferrers 2nd Baron Ferrers Chartley (38) took part in the Tournament. [Lichfield].

On 29 Aug 1350 the English fleet defeated a Castilian fleet at Winchelsea during the Battle of Winchelsea. Around twenty Castilian ships were captured; several were sunk. For the English Edward III King England (37) and his son Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales (20) , James Audley (32) , Henry Scrope 1st Baron Scrope Masham (37) , Henry of Grosmont 1st Duke Lancaster (40) and John Sully (67) fought.

On 13 Jan 1356 Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales (25) and Ralph Basset 3rd Baron Basset Drayton (21) fought at Bordeaux during the Battle of Bordeaux

On 19 Sep 1356 the army of Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales (26) defeated the French and Scottish army led by John "The Good" II King France (37) at Poitiers during the Battle of Poitiers. John "The Good" II King France (37) was captured.

On 13 Apr 1360 a freak weather event known as Black Monday Hailstorm occurred as the army of Edward III King England (47) were camped outside Chartres. Thomas Beauchamp 11th Earl Warwick (47) , William Bohun 1st Earl Northampton (50) , Henry of Grosmont 1st Duke Lancaster (50) , Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales (29) and Walter Mauny were present. Around one thousand English were killed, with up to six thousand horses. Edward III King England (47) believed the event to be an Act of God and proceeded to negotiate with the French resulting in the Treaty of Bretigny.

On 24 Oct 1360, three weeks after the Black Monday Hailstorm, Edward III King England (47) and John "The Good" II King France (41) , and their eldest sons Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales (30) and the future Charles V King France (22) , ratified the Treaty of Brétigny at Calais. Louis Valois-Anjou I Duke Anjou (21) and John Valois 1st Duke Berry (19) were given as hostages. Philip "Bold" Valois-Burgundy II Duke Burgundy (18) was ransomed. The treaty confirmed lands held by Edward III King England (47) including Aquitaine. John "The Good" II King France (41) was ransomed for three million écus being released after the payment of the first third.

On 10 Oct 1361 Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales (31) and Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Plantagenet Princessss Wales (33) were married

On 27 Jan 1365 Edward Plantagenet was born to Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales (34) and Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Plantagenet Princessss Wales (36) at Château d'Angoulême

On 06 Jan 1367 Richard II King England was born to Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales (36) and Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Plantagenet Princessss Wales (38) at Bordeaux

On 03 Apr 1367 the forces of Peter "Cruel" I King Castile (32) commanded by Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales (36) defeated the army of Henry "Fratricide" II King Castile (33) at the Battle of Nájera at Nájera. The English forces included John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster (27) , John Ferrers 3rd Baron Ferrers Chartley (36) , William Scrope, Peter Courtenay (21) , John Devereux 1st Baron Devereux (30) and Thomas Banastre (33) . The forces of Henry "Fratricide" II King Castile (33) included Bertrand Geusclin (47) . The battle achieved little since Bertrand Geusclin (47) escaped.

On 08 Jun 1376 Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales (45) died of dysentery at Westminster Palace. [Death of the Black Prince].

After 08 Jun 1376 Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales was buried at Canterbury Cathedral

Simon Burley raised with Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales

ANCESTRY

Father: Edward III King England (Son Edward II King England)

GrandFather: Edward II King England (Son Edward "Longshanks" I King England)

1G GrandFather: Edward "Longshanks" I King England (Son Henry III King England)

2G GrandFather: Henry III King England (Son John "Lackland" I King England)

3G GrandFather: John "Lackland" I King England (Son Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

4G GrandFather: Henry "Curtmantle" II King England (Grandson Henry "Beauclearc" I King England)

4G GrandMother: Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort France, Queen Consort England

3G GrandMother: Isabella Angouleme Queen Consort England

4G GrandFather: Aymer Angouleme I Count Angoulême

4G GrandMother: Alice Courtenay

2G GrandMother: Eleanor Provence Queen Consort England

3G GrandFather: Raymond Berenguer Provence IV Count Provence

4G GrandFather: Alfonso Barcelona II Count Provence

4G GrandMother: Gersenda II Sabran

3G GrandMother: Beatrice Savoy

4G GrandFather: Thomas Savoy I Count Savoy

4G GrandMother: Margaret Geneva

1G GrandMother: Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England (2G Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

2G GrandFather: Ferdinand III King Castile, III King Leon (1G Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

3G GrandFather: Alfonso IX King Leon

4G GrandFather: Ferdinand II King Leon

4G GrandMother: Urraca Burgundy Queen Consort Leon

3G GrandMother: Berengaria Ivrea I Queen Castile (Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

4G GrandFather: Alfonso VIII King Castile

4G GrandMother: Eleanor Plantagenet Queen Castile (Daughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

2G GrandMother: Joan Dammartin Count Ponthieu

3G GrandFather: Simon Dammartin

4G GrandFather: Alberic Dammartin

4G GrandMother: Mathilde Clermont

3G GrandMother: Marie Montgomery Count Ponthieu

4G GrandFather: William Montgomery IV Count Ponthieu

4G GrandMother: Alys Capet

GrandMother: Isabella Capet Queen Consort England (4G Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

1G GrandFather: Philip "Fair" IV King France (3G Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

2G GrandFather: Philip "Bold" III King France (2G Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

3G GrandFather: Louis IX King France (1G Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

4G GrandFather: Louis "Lion" VIII King France (3G Grandson William "Conqueror" I King England)

4G GrandMother: Blanche Ivrea Queen Consort France (Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

3G GrandMother: Margaret Provence Queen Consort France

4G GrandFather: Raymond Berenguer Provence IV Count Provence

4G GrandMother: Beatrice Savoy

2G GrandMother: Isabella Barcelona

3G GrandFather: James I King Aragon

4G GrandFather: Peter II King Aragon

4G GrandMother: Marie Montpellier

3G GrandMother: Violant Unknown

1G GrandMother: Joan Blois I Queen Navarre (3G Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

2G GrandFather: Henry I King Navarre (4G Grandson William "Conqueror" I King England)

3G GrandFather: Theobald IV King Navarre (3G Grandson William "Conqueror" I King England)

4G GrandFather: Theobald Blois (2G Grandson William "Conqueror" I King England)

4G GrandMother: Blanche Ramirez

3G GrandMother: Margaret Bourbon

2G GrandMother: Blanche Capet (2G Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

3G GrandFather: Robert Capet (1G Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

4G GrandFather: Louis "Lion" VIII King France (3G Grandson William "Conqueror" I King England)

4G GrandMother: Blanche Ivrea Queen Consort France (Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

3G GrandMother: Matilda Reginar (2G Granddaughter Stephen I King England)

4G GrandFather: Henry Reginar II Duke Brabant (1G Grandson Stephen I King England)

4G GrandMother: Marie Swabia

Mother: Philippa Hainault Queen Consort England (5G Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

GrandFather: William Hainault I Count Hainault, III Count Avesnes, III Count Holland, II Count Zeeland (4G Grandson Stephen I King England)

1G GrandFather: John Hainault II Count Hainault, II Count Holland (3G Grandson Stephen I King England)

2G GrandFather: John Hainault I Count Hainault (4G Grandson William "Conqueror" I King England)

3G GrandFather: Bouchard Avesnes

4G GrandFather: James Avesnes

4G GrandMother: Adela Guise

3G GrandMother: Margaret Flanders II Count Flanders (3G Granddaughter William "Conqueror" I King England)

4G GrandFather: Baldwin Flanders VI Count Hainault, IX Count Flanders

4G GrandMother: Marie Blois (2G Granddaughter William "Conqueror" I King England)

2G GrandMother: Adelaide Countholland (2G Granddaughter Stephen I King England)

3G GrandFather: Floris Countholland IV Count Holland

4G GrandFather: William Countholland I Count Holland

4G GrandMother: Adelaide Guelders

3G GrandMother: Mathilde Reginar (1G Granddaughter Stephen I King England)

4G GrandFather: Henry Reginar VIII Duke Lower Lorraine, I Duke Brabant

4G GrandMother: Maud Metz (Granddaughter Stephen I King England)

1G GrandMother: Philippa Luxembourg (5G Granddaughter William "Conqueror" I King England)

2G GrandFather: Henry "Great" Luxembourg V Count Luxembourg, III Count Namur

3G GrandFather: Waleran Luxembourg III Duke Limburg

4G GrandFather: Henry Luxembourg III Duke Limburg

4G GrandMother: Sophia Saarbrücken

3G GrandMother: Ermesinda Luxembourg

2G GrandMother: Margaret Bar (4G Granddaughter William "Conqueror" I King England)

3G GrandFather: Henry Bar II Count Bar (3G Grandson William "Conqueror" I King England)

4G GrandFather: Theobald Bar I Count Bar (2G Grandson William "Conqueror" I King England)

4G GrandMother: Erminsende Bar-Sur-Seine

3G GrandMother: Philippa Capet

4G GrandFather: Robert Capet II Count Dreux

4G GrandMother: Yolande Coucy

GrandMother: Joan Valois (4G Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

1G GrandFather: Charles Valois I Count Valois (3G Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

2G GrandFather: Philip "Bold" III King France (2G Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

3G GrandFather: Louis IX King France (1G Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

4G GrandFather: Louis "Lion" VIII King France (3G Grandson William "Conqueror" I King England)

4G GrandMother: Blanche Ivrea Queen Consort France (Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

3G GrandMother: Margaret Provence Queen Consort France

4G GrandFather: Raymond Berenguer Provence IV Count Provence

4G GrandMother: Beatrice Savoy

2G GrandMother: Isabella Barcelona

3G GrandFather: James I King Aragon

4G GrandFather: Peter II King Aragon

4G GrandMother: Marie Montpellier

3G GrandMother: Violant Unknown

1G GrandMother: Margaret Capet (3G Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

2G GrandFather: Charles II King Naples (2G Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

3G GrandFather: Charles King Sicily (1G Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

4G GrandFather: Louis "Lion" VIII King France (3G Grandson William "Conqueror" I King England)

4G GrandMother: Blanche Ivrea Queen Consort France (Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

3G GrandMother: Beatrice Provence Queen Consort Sicily

4G GrandFather: Raymond Berenguer Provence IV Count Provence

4G GrandMother: Beatrice Savoy

2G GrandMother: Mary Unknown