BIOGRAPHY OF RICHARD NEVILLE 5TH EARL SALISBURY 1400-1460

GENERAL

Descent English Royalty: 1G Grandson Edward III King England

Descent French Royalty: 8G Grandson Louis "Fat" VI King France

EVENTS

In 1400 Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 was born to Ralph Neville 1st Earl Westmoreland 1364-1425 (36) and Joan Beaufort 1379-1440 (21)

Before 1423 Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 and Alice Montagu 5th Countess Salisbury 1407-1462 were married

In 1423 Joan Neville 1423-1462 was born to Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (23) and Alice Montagu 5th Countess Salisbury 1407-1462 (16)

In 1424 Cecily Neville 1424-1450 was born to Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (24) and Alice Montagu 5th Countess Salisbury 1407-1462 (17)

In 1428 Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 was born to Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (28) and Alice Montagu 5th Countess Salisbury 1407-1462 (21)

On 03 Nov 1428 Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (28) jure uxoris 5th Earl Salisbury (2C 1337)

On 03 Nov 1428 Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (28) succeeded 7th Baron Montagu

Around 1430 Alice Neville 1430-1503 was born to Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (30) and Alice Montagu 5th Countess Salisbury 1407-1462 (23)

Before 1431 Thomas Neville 1430-1460 was born to Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 and Alice Montagu 5th Countess Salisbury 1407-1462

Around 1431 John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 was born to Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (31) and Alice Montagu 5th Countess Salisbury 1407-1462 (24)

In 1432 George Neville Archbishop York 1432-1476 was born to Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (32) and Alice Montagu 5th Countess Salisbury 1407-1462 (25)

In 1438 Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (38) was appointed 152nd Knight Garter: Henry VI

In 1442 Katherine Neville 1442-1503 was born to Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (42) and Alice Montagu 5th Countess Salisbury 1407-1462 (35)

In 1447 Eleanor Neville 1447-1471 was born to Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (47) and Alice Montagu 5th Countess Salisbury 1407-1462 (40)

In 1452 Walter Strickland 1411-1466 (41) indentured to Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (52) to provide bowmen horsed and harnessed, 69; billmen horsed and harnessed, 74; bowmen without horses, 71; billmen without horses, 76.

In 1452 Thomas Strickland -1494 indentured to Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (52) to provide bowmen horsed and harnessed, 69; billmen horsed and harnessed, 74; bowmen without horses, 71; billmen without horses, 76.

On 27 Mar 1454 Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (54) was appointed as Lord Chancellor

On Jan 1455 Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (55) resigned as Lord Chancellor

On 22 May 1455 the Wars of the Roses commenced at the First Battle of St Albans. Richard 3rd Duke York Prince Wales 1411-1460 (43) commanded with Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (27) , Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (55) , Edward Brooke 6th Baron Cobham 1415-1464 (40) and Walter Strickland 1411-1466 (44) .

On 24 Mar 1458 Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 (40) presided at Westminster Abbey, Westminster during the Loveday. John "Butcher" Clifford 9th Baron Clifford 1435-1461 (22) , Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (58) , Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (30) , Henry Beaufort 3rd Duke Somerset 1436-1464 (22) , Richard 3rd Duke York Prince Wales 1411-1460 (46) , Henry Percy 3rd Earl Northumberland 1421-1461 (36) , Thomas Percy 1st Baron Egremont 1422-1460 (35) and Margaret of Anjou Queen Consort England 1430-1482 (28) attended in an attempt to reconcile the Lancastrian and Yorkist factions.

On 23 Sep 1459 John Dudley 1st Baron Dudley 1400-1487 (58) attempted to ambush John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 (28) whilst he was travelling to Ludlow, Shropshire to join up with the main Yorkist army. Forewarned by scouts arranged his troops into battle order. The Yorkist army included John Conyers -1490, Thomas Harrington 1400-1460 (59) , James Harrington 1430-1485 (29) , Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (59) , William Stanley Lord Chamberlain 1435-1495 (24) , Roger Kynaston 1433-1495 (26) , John Savile, Walter Strickland 1411-1466 (48) and John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock 1400-1471 (59) . The Lancastrian army included John Dutton -1459, Thomas Dutton 1421-1459 (38) and Peter Dutton -1459 who were killed. James Tuchet 5th Baron Audley Heighley 1398-1459 (61) was killed by Roger Kynaston 1433-1495 (26) . John Dudley 1st Baron Dudley 1400-1487 (58) and Edmund Dudley 1425-1483 (34) were captured. Lionel Welles 6th Baron Welles 1406-1461 (53)

On 12 Oct 1459 the Battle of Ludford Bridge nearly took place at Ludford Bridge, Ludlow, Shropshire. In the event a large number of the Calais garrison refused to fight against Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 (37) who was present. The Yorkist leaders left overnight: Richard 3rd Duke York Prince Wales 1411-1460 (48) , the future Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (17) , Edmund York 1st Earl Rutland 1443-1460 (16) , Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (31) , Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (59) and John Dinham 1st Baron Dinham 1433-1501 (26) . Thomas Parr 1407-1464 (52) was present. The Lancastrian army included Humphrey Stafford 1st Duke Buckingham 1402-1460 (57) and William Fitzalan 16th Earl Arundel 1417-1487 (41) .

Around Nov 1459 Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (59) fled to at Calais

On 30 Dec 1460 at the Battle of Wakefield at Sandal Castle, Wakefield, Yorkshire the Yorkist army was heavily defeated. Richard 3rd Duke York Prince Wales 1411-1460 (49) , Thomas Neville 1430-1460 (29) , Thomas Harrington 1400-1460 (60) , William Bonville 6th Baron Harington 1442-1460 (18) and Edward Bourchier -1460 were killed. Following the battle Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (60) was beheaded by Thomas "Bastard of Exeter" Holland -1460. William Bonville 1420-1460 (40) was executed. Thomas Parr 1407-1464 (53) fought in the Yorkist army.

After 30 Dec 1460 Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 was buried

Before 1465 John Conyers -1490 retained by Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460

Margaret Neville was born to Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 and Alice Montagu 5th Countess Salisbury 1407-1462

Ralph Neville was born to Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 and Alice Montagu 5th Countess Salisbury 1407-1462

Robert Neville was born to Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 and Alice Montagu 5th Countess Salisbury 1407-1462

ANCESTRY

Father: Ralph Neville 1st Earl Westmoreland 1364-1425 (5G Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

GrandFather: John Neville 3rd Baron Neville Raby 1337-1388 (4G Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

1G GrandFather: Ralph Neville 2nd Baron Neville Raby 1291-1367 (4G Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

2G GrandFather: Ralph Neville 1st Baron Neville Raby 1262-1331

3G GrandFather: Robert Neville 1237-1271

4G GrandFather: Geoffrey Neville 1225-

2G GrandMother: Euphemia Clavering 1267-1329 (3G Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

3G GrandFather: Robert Fitzroger 5th Baron Warkworth 1240-1310

4G GrandFather: Roger Fitzjohn 4th Baron Warkworth -1249

3G GrandMother: Margaret Zouche 1251-1329 (2G Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

4G GrandFather: Roger Zouche 1242-1285

4G GrandMother: Ela Longespée 1244-1276 (1G Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

1G GrandMother: Alice Audley 1304-1374 (3G Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

2G GrandFather: Hugh Audley 1st Baron Audley Stratton Audley 1267-1347 (2G Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

3G GrandFather: James Audley 1225-1232

4G GrandFather: Henry Audley 1175-1246

4G GrandMother: Bertrade Mainwaring 1197-1246

3G GrandMother: Ela Longespée (1G Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

4G GrandFather: William Longespée 1207-1250 (Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

4G GrandMother: Idoine Camville

2G GrandMother: Isolde Mortimer 1270- (3G Granddaughter John "Lackland" I King England)

3G GrandFather: Edmund Mortimer 2nd Baron Mortimer Wigmore 1251-1304 (2G Grandson John "Lackland" I King England)

4G GrandFather: Roger Mortimer 1st Baron Mortimer Wigmore 1231-1282 (1G Grandson John "Lackland" I King England)

4G GrandMother: Maud Braose 1224-1301

3G GrandMother: Margaret Fiennes 1269- (4G Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

4G GrandFather: William Fiennes 1245-1302

4G GrandMother: Blanche Beaumont 1252-1302 (3G Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

GrandMother: Maud Percy (5G Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

1G GrandFather: Henry Percy 2nd Baron Percy 1299-1352 (5G Grandson John "Lackland" I King England)

2G GrandFather: Henry Percy 1st Baron Percy 1273-1314

3G GrandFather: Henry Percy 7th Baron Percy Topcliffe -1272

4G GrandFather: William Percy 6th Baron Percy Topcliffe 1197-1245

3G GrandMother: Eleanor Warenne

4G GrandFather: John Warenne 6th Earl Surrey 1231-1304

4G GrandMother: Alice Lusignan 1224-1256

2G GrandMother: Eleanor Fitzalan (4G Granddaughter John "Lackland" I King England)

3G GrandFather: Richard Fitzalan 8th Earl Arundel 1267-1302 (3G Grandson John "Lackland" I King England)

4G GrandFather: John Fitzalan 7th Earl Arundel 1246-1272

4G GrandMother: Isabella Mortimer -1291 (2G Granddaughter John "Lackland" I King England)

3G GrandMother: Alice Saluzzo

1G GrandMother: Idonia Clifford (4G Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

2G GrandFather: Robert Clifford 1st Baron Clifford 1274-1314

3G GrandFather: Roger Clifford 1243-1282

4G GrandFather: Roger Clifford 1215-1286

4G GrandMother: Hawise Botreaux 1215-1301

3G GrandMother: Isabella Vipont

4G GrandFather: Robert Vipont Lord Westmoreland 1232-1264

4G GrandMother: Isabel Fitzjohn

2G GrandMother: Maud Clare 1276-1327 (3G Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

3G GrandFather: Thomas Clare 1245-1287 (4G Grandson Henry "Beauclearc" I King England)

4G GrandFather: Richard Clare 6th Earl Gloucester, 5th Earl Hertford 1222-1262 (3G Grandson Henry "Beauclearc" I King England)

4G GrandMother: Maud Lacy (4G Granddaughter Henry "Beauclearc" I King England)

3G GrandMother: Juliana Fitzgerald 1266-1300 (2G Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

4G GrandFather: Maurice Fitzgerald 4th Lord Offaly 1238-1277

4G GrandMother: Emmeline Longespée 1250-1291 (1G Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

Mother: Joan Beaufort 1379-1440 (Granddaughter Edward III King England)

GrandFather: John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (Son Edward III King England)

1G GrandFather: Edward III King England 1312-1377 (Son Edward II King England)

2G GrandFather: Edward II King England 1284-1327 (Son Edward "Longshanks" I King England)

3G GrandFather: Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 (Son Henry III King England)

4G GrandFather: Henry III King England 1207-1272 (Son John "Lackland" I King England)

4G GrandMother: Eleanor Provence Queen Consort England 1223-1291

3G GrandMother: Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England 1241-1290 (2G Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

4G GrandFather: Ferdinand III King Castile, III King Leon 1199-1252 (1G Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

4G GrandMother: Joan Dammartin Count Ponthieu 1220-1279

2G GrandMother: Isabella Capet Queen Consort England 1295-1358 (4G Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

3G GrandFather: Philip "Fair" IV King France 1268-1314 (3G Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

4G GrandFather: Philip "Bold" III King France 1245-1285 (2G Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

4G GrandMother: Isabella Barcelona 1248-1271

3G GrandMother: Joan Blois I Queen Navarre 1273-1305 (3G Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

4G GrandFather: Henry I King Navarre 1244-1274 (4G Grandson William "Conqueror" I King England)

4G GrandMother: Blanche Capet 1248-1302 (2G Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

1G GrandMother: Philippa Hainault Queen Consort England 1314-1369 (5G Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

2G GrandFather: William Hainault I Count Hainault, III Count Avesnes, III Count Holland, II Count Zeeland 1286-1337 (4G Grandson Stephen I King England)

3G GrandFather: John Hainault II Count Hainault, II Count Holland 1247-1304 (3G Grandson Stephen I King England)

4G GrandFather: John Hainault I Count Hainault 1218-1257 (4G Grandson William "Conqueror" I King England)

4G GrandMother: Adelaide Countholland 1230-1284 (2G Granddaughter Stephen I King England)

3G GrandMother: Philippa Luxembourg 1252-1311 (5G Granddaughter William "Conqueror" I King England)

4G GrandFather: Henry "Great" Luxembourg V Count Luxembourg, III Count Namur 1216-1281

4G GrandMother: Margaret Bar 1220-1275 (4G Granddaughter William "Conqueror" I King England)

2G GrandMother: Joan Valois 1294-1342 (4G Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

3G GrandFather: Charles Valois I Count Valois 1270-1325 (3G Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

4G GrandFather: Philip "Bold" III King France 1245-1285 (2G Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

4G GrandMother: Isabella Barcelona 1248-1271

3G GrandMother: Margaret Capet 1273-1299 (3G Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

4G GrandFather: Charles II King Naples 1254-1309 (2G Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

4G GrandMother: Mary Unknown

GrandMother: Katherine Roet 1350-1403

1G GrandFather: Giles "Payne" Roet 1310-1380