BIOGRAPHY OF RICHARD "KINGMAKER" NEVILLE 16TH EARL WARWICK, 6TH EARL SALISBURY 1428-1471

GENERAL

Paternal Family Tree: NEVILLE

Descent English Royalty: 2G Grandson Edward III King England

Descent French Royalty: 5G Grandson Philip "Bold" III King France

Descent Royal House of Wessex: 12G Grandson Edmund "Ironside" I King England

EVENTS

In 1428 Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury was born to Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury (28) and Alice Montagu 5th Countess Salisbury (21)

In 1434 Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury (6) and Anne Beauchamp 16th Countess Warwick (7) were married

On 03 Jan 1448 Anne Beauchamp 15th Countess Warwick (4) died at Ewelme aged four whilst in the care of Alice Chaucer (44) . After a prolonged legal dispute between her three half-aunties, and her full auntie, the courts decided her full aunt Anne Beauchamp 16th Countess Warwick (21) should succeed; Anne Beauchamp 16th Countess Warwick (21) succeeded 16th Earl Warwick (1C 1088). Her husband Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury (20) jure uxoris 16th Earl Warwick (1C 1088). [Warwick Succeeds]

On 28 Jul 1450 Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury (22) succeeded his mother as 6th Earl Salisbury (2C 1337), 8th Baron Montagu, 7th Baron Monthermer adding to the earldom of Warwick he had already acquired through his wife some two years previously. The combined earldoms of Warwick and Salisbury made Warwick the second most powerful man in the Kingdom making him Kingmaker.

On 05 Sep 1451 Isabel Neville was born to Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury (23) and Anne Beauchamp 16th Countess Warwick (25) at Warwick Castle

On 20 Oct 1453 John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu (22) , and his brothers Thomas Neville (22) and Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury (25) , met with Henry Percy 2nd Earl Northumberland (60) and to negotiate peace.

On 22 May 1455 the Wars of the Roses commenced at the First Battle of St Albans. Richard York Prince Wales (43) commanded with Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury (27) , Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury (55) , Edward Brooke 6th Baron Cobham (40) and Walter Strickland (44) .

After 25 May 1455 Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury was appointed as Captain Calais

On 11 Jun 1456 Anne Neville Queen Consort England was born to Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury (28) and Anne Beauchamp 16th Countess Warwick (29)

On 24 Mar 1458 Cardinal Thomas Bourchier (40) presided at Westminster Abbey during the Loveday. John "Butcher" Clifford 9th Baron Clifford (22) , Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury (58) , Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury (30) , Henry Beaufort 3rd Duke Somerset (22) , Richard York Prince Wales (46) , Henry Percy 3rd Earl Northumberland (36) , Thomas Percy 1st Baron Egremont (35) and Margaret of Anjou Queen Consort England (28) attended in an attempt to reconcile the Lancastrian and Yorkist factions.

On 12 Oct 1459 the Battle of Ludford Bridge nearly took place at Ludford Bridge. In the event a large number of the Calais garrison refused to fight against Henry VI King England, II King France (37) who was present. The Yorkist leaders left overnight: Richard York Prince Wales (48) , the future Edward IV King England (17) , Edmund York 1st Earl Rutland (16) , Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury (31) , Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury (59) and John Dinham 1st Baron Dinham (26) . Thomas Parr (52) was present. The Lancastrian army included Humphrey Stafford 1st Duke Buckingham (57) and William Fitzalan 16th Earl Arundel (41) .

Around Nov 1459 Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury (31) fled to at Calais

On Dec 1459 Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury (31) was attainted

On 15 Jan 1460 Yorkist forces commanded by John Dinham 1st Baron Dinham (27) and Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury (32) raided Sandwich capturing a number of Lancastrian ships. In addition, the Woodville family: Richard Woodville 1st Earl Rivers (55) , his wife Jacquetta Luxembourg (45) and their son Anthony Woodville 2nd Earl Rivers (20) were captured. [Battle of Sandwich]

On 26 Jun 1460 Edward IV King England (18) and Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury (32) landed at Sandwich [Yorkist Raid on Sandwich]

On 26 Jun 1460 Yorkist forces including Edward IV King England (18) , Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury (32) , William Neville 1st Earl Kent (55) and John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock (60) landed at Sandwich. Osbert Mumford was captured. [Yorkist Raid on Sandwich]

On 10 Jul 1460 the Yorkist army led by the future Edward IV King England (18) and including Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury (32) , George Neville Archbishop York (28) , William Neville 1st Earl Kent (55) , Edmund Grey 1st Earl Kent (43) , Edward Brooke 6th Baron Cobham (45) and John Scrope 5th Baron Scrope Bolton (22) defeated the Lancastrian army at Northampton during the Battle of Northampton. Henry VI King England, II King France (38) was captured. Humphrey Stafford 1st Duke Buckingham (57) , John Talbot 2nd Earl Shrewsbury, 2nd Earl Waterford (42) , Thomas Percy 1st Baron Egremont (37) and John Beaumont 1st Viscount Beaumont (50) were killed. Thomas Tresham (40) fought. William Beaumont 2nd Viscount Beaumont (22) and William Norreys (19) were knighted. Thomas "Bastard of Exeter" Holland was executed following the battle.

On 18 Feb 1461 at the Second Battle of St Albans the Yorkist army included Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury (33) , William Fitzalan 16th Earl Arundel (43) , John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock (61) and Henry Bourchier 2nd Count Eu, 1st Earl Essex (57) . John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu (30) was captured. Robert Poynings (42) and James Luttrell Baron Dunster (34) were killed.

On 27 Mar 1461 Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury (33) fought at Ferrybridge during the Battle of Ferrybridge with John Radclyffe (35) capturing the bridge.

On 28 Mar 1461 a further skirmish occurred near Ferrybridge. Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury (33) fought. John Radclyffe (35) was killed. For Lancaster John "Butcher" Clifford 9th Baron Clifford (25) and John Neville 1st Baron Neville Raby (51) .

After 28 Mar 1461 Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury was appointed 181st Knight Garter: Henry VI

On Sep 1464 Edward IV King England (22) announced his recent marriage at Privy Council to the astonishment of Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury (36) who had until recently been actively seeking a French Princess as Edward's future wife. [Edward IV announces his marriage at Privy Council]

Before 03 Jul 1468 Charles "Bold" Valois-Burgundy Duke Burgundy and Margaret of Burgundy were married at Bruges. John Paston travelled with Margaret. The marriage re-enforced Edward's connection with the Low Countries. After Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury rebelled against Edward IV King England escaped to the Low Countries. [Marriage of Charles the Bold and Margaret of York]

On 11 Jul 1469 George York 1st Duke Clarence (19) and Isabel Neville (17) were married by George Neville Archbishop York (37) at Église Notre-Dame de Calais witnessed by Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury (41) . Isabel Neville (17) by marriage 1st Duke Clarence (3C 1461). [Marriage of George Duke of Clarence and Isabel Neville]

On 10 Sep 1469 Edward IV King England (27) was released by Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury (41) afer Warwick realised he didn't have sufficient support for an alternative regime.

On 29 Sep 1469 brothers Humphrey Neville (30) and Charles Neville were beheaded at York in the presence of Edward IV King England (27) and Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury (41) [Execution of the Neville Brothers]

On 22 Jul 1470 Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury (42) , Henry VI King England, II King France (48) and Margaret of Anjou Queen Consort England (40) signed the Angers Agreement that had been arranged by Louis "Father of the People" XI King France (47) at Angers Cathedral. Edward Lancaster Prince Wales (16) and Anne Neville Queen Consort England (14) were formally betrothed as part of the Agreement.

On 14 Apr 1471 Edward IV King England (28) commanded at Barnet during the Battle of Barnet supported by George York 1st Duke Clarence (21) , Richard III King England (18) , John Babington (48) , William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings (40) (commanded), Ralph Hastings, William Norreys (30) , William Parr (37) , John Savage (49) , Thomas St Leger (31) , John Tuchet 6th Baron Audley Heighley, 3rd Baron Tuchet (45) , Thomas Burgh 1st Baron Burgh (40) and Thomas Strickland. The Yorkists William Blount, Humphrey Bourchier (40) , Humphrey Bourchier (36) and Thomas Parr were killed. The Lancastrians Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury (43) , John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu (40) , William Fiennes 2nd Baron Saye and Sele (43) and William Tyrrell were killed. Henry Holland 3rd Duke Exeter (40) commanded the left flank, was badly wounded and left for dead, Henry Stafford and John Paston (27) were wounded, John Vere 13th Earl Oxford (28) commanded, and John Paston (29) and William Beaumont 2nd Viscount Beaumont (33) fought.

After 14 Apr 1471 Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury was buried at Bisham Priory

In 1474 Parliament declared Anne Beauchamp 16th Countess Warwick (47) legally dead (she lived until 1492) so that Edward IV King England (31) 's two younger brothers George York 1st Duke Clarence (24) and the future Richard III King England (21) , who had married Anne Beauchamp 16th Countess Warwick (47) 's daughters, Isabel Neville (22) and Anne Neville Queen Consort England (17) respectively, could enjoy Anne Beauchamp 16th Countess Warwick (47) 's significant inheritance after her husband Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury had been killed at the Battle of Barnet in 1471. Some of the inhertance should have been given to George Neville 1st Duke Bedford (13) but he was only thirteen at the time; his father John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu, younger brother of Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury, had also been killed at the Battle of Barnet. He, George Neville 1st Duke Bedford (13) , died in 1483 aged twenty-one somewhat conveniently after the death of Edward IV King England (31) and before Richard III King England (21) acceded to the throne. Curiously the Act of Parliament described Richard III King England (21) enjoying the inheritance as long as there were Neville living heirs male. Upon the death of George Neville 1st Duke Bedford (13) the Neville heir male was Richard Neville 2nd Baron Latimer Snape (6) born 1468 whose wardship was held by Cardinal Thomas Bourchier (56) . [Anne Neville declared Legally Dead]

On 06 Jun 1474 at Westminster. Exemplification at the request of Richard Duke of Gloucester [1] (21) , of the tenour of an act (English) in the Parliament summoned at Westminster, 6 October, 12 Edward IV, and continued to 9 May, 14 Edward IV, ordaining that George York 1st Duke Clarence (24) , and Isabel his wife [2] (22) and Richard Duke of Gloucester [3] (21) , and Anne his wife [4] (17) , daughters and heirs to Richard Nevyle[5], late Earl of Warwick, and daughters and heirs apparent to Anne Beauchamp 16th Countess Warwick (47) , his wife should possess and enjoy as in the right of the said wives all possessions beloning to the said Countess as though she were naturally dead and that she should be barred and excluded therefrom, that they should make partition of the premises and the same partition should be good in law, that the said Dukes should enjoy for life all the possessions of their wives if they should outlive the latter, that the said George[6] (24) and Isabel [7] (22) should not make any alienation, grant, fine or recovery of any of the premises to the hurt of the said Richard[8] (21) and Anne[9] (17) or the latter to the hurt of the former, that if the said Richard[10] (21) and Anne[11] (17) } be divorced and afterwards married this Act should hold good, that if they be divorced and he do his effectual diligence to be married to her and during her life be not wedded to any other woman he should enjoy as much of the premises as should appertain to her during his life, and that notwithstanding the restraint of alienation or recovery above specified the lordship, manor and wappentake of Chesterfield and Scarvesdale with the appurtenances and all the lands and tenements in Chesterfield and Scarvesdale sometime of Ales[12], late Countess of Salisbury, might be given to the King and his heirs in exchange for other lands and tenements, which shall however be subject of this Act. [Edward IV Henry VI 1467-1477] [Anne Neville declared Legally Dead]

On 04 May 1483 George Neville 1st Duke Bedford (22) died. He being the son of John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu, the nephew of Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury who should, perhaps, have inherited the Earldoms of Warwick and Salisbury from his mother that had been appropriated by George Neville 1st Duke Bedford (22) and Richard III King England (30) . [Death of George Neville]

ANCESTRY

Father: Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury (1G Grandson Edward III King England)

GrandFather: Ralph Neville 1st Earl Westmoreland (5G Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

1G GrandFather: John Neville 3rd Baron Neville Raby (4G Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

2G GrandFather: Ralph Neville 2nd Baron Neville Raby (4G Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

3G GrandFather: Ralph Neville 1st Baron Neville Raby

4G GrandFather: Robert Neville

3G GrandMother: Euphemia Clavering (3G Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

4G GrandFather: Robert Fitzroger 5th Baron Warkworth

4G GrandMother: Margaret Zouche (2G Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

2G GrandMother: Alice Audley (3G Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

3G GrandFather: Hugh Audley 1st Baron Audley Stratton Audley (2G Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

4G GrandFather: James Audley

4G GrandMother: Ela Longespée (1G Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

3G GrandMother: Isolde Mortimer (3G Granddaughter John "Lackland" I King England)

4G GrandFather: Edmund Mortimer 2nd Baron Mortimer Wigmore (2G Grandson John "Lackland" I King England)

4G GrandMother: Margaret Fiennes (4G Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

1G GrandMother: Maud Percy (5G Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

2G GrandFather: Henry Percy 2nd Baron Percy (5G Grandson John "Lackland" I King England)

3G GrandFather: Henry Percy 1st Baron Percy

4G GrandFather: Henry Percy 7th Baron Percy Topcliffe

4G GrandMother: Eleanor Warenne

3G GrandMother: Eleanor Fitzalan (4G Granddaughter John "Lackland" I King England)

4G GrandFather: Richard Fitzalan 8th Earl Arundel (3G Grandson John "Lackland" I King England)

4G GrandMother: Alice Saluzzo

2G GrandMother: Idonia Clifford (4G Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

3G GrandFather: Robert Clifford 1st Baron Clifford

4G GrandFather: Roger Clifford

4G GrandMother: Isabella Vipont

3G GrandMother: Maud Clare (3G Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

4G GrandFather: Thomas Clare (4G Grandson Henry "Beauclearc" I King England)

4G GrandMother: Juliana Fitzgerald (2G Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

GrandMother: Joan Beaufort (Granddaughter Edward III King England)

1G GrandFather: John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster (Son Edward III King England)

2G GrandFather: Edward III King England (Son Edward II King England)

3G GrandFather: Edward II King England (Son Edward "Longshanks" I King England)

4G GrandFather: Edward "Longshanks" I King England (Son Henry III King England)

4G GrandMother: Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England (2G Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

3G GrandMother: Isabella Capet Queen Consort England (4G Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

4G GrandFather: Philip "Fair" IV King France (3G Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

4G GrandMother: Joan Blois I Queen Navarre (3G Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

2G GrandMother: Philippa Hainault Queen Consort England (5G Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

3G GrandFather: William Hainault I Count Hainault, III Count Avesnes, III Count Holland, II Count Zeeland (4G Grandson Stephen I King England)

4G GrandFather: John Hainault II Count Hainault, II Count Holland (3G Grandson Stephen I King England)

4G GrandMother: Philippa Luxembourg (5G Granddaughter William "Conqueror" I King England)

3G GrandMother: Joan Valois (4G Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

4G GrandFather: Charles Valois I Count Valois (3G Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

4G GrandMother: Margaret Capet (3G Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

1G GrandMother: Katherine Roet

2G GrandFather: Giles "Payne" Roet

Mother: Alice Montagu 5th Countess Salisbury (3G Granddaughter Edward "Longshanks" I King England)

GrandFather: Thomas Montagu 1st Count Perche, 4th Earl Salisbury (3G Grandson Edward "Longshanks" I King England)

1G GrandFather: John Montagu 3rd Earl Salisbury (2G Grandson Edward "Longshanks" I King England)

2G GrandFather: John Montagu 1st Baron Montagu, 3rd Baron Monthermer

3G GrandFather: William Montagu 1st Earl Salisbury

4G GrandFather: William Montagu 2nd Baron Montagu

4G GrandMother: Elizabeth Montfort

3G GrandMother: Catherine Grandison

4G GrandFather: William Grandison 1st Baron Grandison

4G GrandMother: Sibylla Tregoz

2G GrandMother: Margaret Monthermer 3rd Baroness Monthermer (1G Granddaughter Edward "Longshanks" I King England)

3G GrandFather: Thomas Monthermer 2nd Baron Monthermer (Grandson Edward "Longshanks" I King England)

4G GrandFather: Ralph Monthermer 1st Baron Monthermer

4G GrandMother: Joan of Acre (Daughter Edward "Longshanks" I King England)

3G GrandMother: Margaret Brewes

4G GrandFather: Peter Brewes

1G GrandMother: Maud Francis

GrandMother: Eleanor Holland (2G Granddaughter Edward "Longshanks" I King England)

1G GrandFather: Thomas Holland 2nd Earl Kent (1G Grandson Edward "Longshanks" I King England)

2G GrandFather: Thomas Holland 1st Earl Kent (4G Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

3G GrandFather: Robert Holland 1st Baron Holland

4G GrandFather: Robert de Holand of Upholland

3G GrandMother: Maud Zouche (3G Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

4G GrandFather: Alan Zouche 1st Baron Zouche Ashby (2G Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

4G GrandMother: Eleanor Segrave

2G GrandMother: Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Plantagenet Princessss Wales (Granddaughter Edward "Longshanks" I King England)

3G GrandFather: Edmund Plantagenet 1st Earl Kent (Son Edward "Longshanks" I King England)

4G GrandFather: Edward "Longshanks" I King England (Son Henry III King England)

4G GrandMother: Margaret Capet (3G Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

3G GrandMother: Margaret Wake 3rd Baroness Wake Liddell (3G Granddaughter John "Lackland" I King England)

4G GrandFather: John Wake 1st Baron Wake Liddell (2G Grandson John "Lackland" I King England)

4G GrandMother: Joan Fiennes (4G Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

1G GrandMother: Alice Fitzalan (2G Granddaughter Henry III King England)

2G GrandFather: Richard Fitzalan 10th Earl Arundel, 8th Earl Surrey (5G Grandson John "Lackland" I King England)

3G GrandFather: Edmund Fitzalan 9th Earl Arundel (4G Grandson John "Lackland" I King England)

4G GrandFather: Richard Fitzalan 8th Earl Arundel (3G Grandson John "Lackland" I King England)

4G GrandMother: Alice Saluzzo

3G GrandMother: Alice Warenne

4G GrandFather: William Warenne

4G GrandMother: Joan Vere

2G GrandMother: Eleanor Plantagenet (1G Granddaughter Henry III King England)

3G GrandFather: Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl Leicester, 3rd Earl Lancaster (Grandson Henry III King England)

4G GrandFather: Edmund Crouchback Plantagenet 1st Earl Leicester, 1st Earl Lancaster (Son Henry III King England)

4G GrandMother: Blanche Capet (2G Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

3G GrandMother: Maud Chaworth

4G GrandFather: Patrick Chaworth

4G GrandMother: Isabella Beauchamp