BIOGRAPHY OF THOMAS HOLLAND 1ST DUKE SURREY 1374-1400

GENERAL

Paternal Family Tree: HOLLAND

EVENTS

In 1374 Thomas Holland 1st Duke Surrey was born to Thomas Holland 2nd Earl Kent (24) and Alice Fitzalan (24) at Upholland

On 25 Apr 1397 Thomas Holland 1st Duke Surrey (23) succeeded 3rd Earl Kent (6C 1360), 4th Baron Holland

On 29 Sep 1397 John Holland 1st Duke Exeter (45) was created 1st Duke Exeter (1C 1397). Thomas Holland 1st Duke Surrey (23) was created 1st Duke Surrey for having arrested his uncle Richard Fitzalan 9th Earl Surrey, 11th Earl Arundel on behalf of Richard II King England (30) . [Richard II Awards his Half-Brothers Dukedoms]

In 1398 Thomas Holland 1st Duke Surrey (24) was appointed 88th Knight Garter: Richard II

On 16 Apr 1399 Richard II King England (32) wrote his Last Will from which the following extracts are taken … Also we bequeath to our beloved nephew Thomas Holland 1st Duke Surrey (25) ten thousand marks and to our beloved brother Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York (26) two thousand marks and to our beloved brother John Holland 1st Duke Exeter (47) three thousand marks and to our faithful and beloved William Scrope 1st Earl Wiltshire (49) two thousand marks. .. we ordain and set aside for the fulfilment of all and singular the premises the sum of ninety-one thousand marks, of which sixty-five thousand marks are in the keeping of Sir John Ikelyngton and twenty-four thousand marks in the hands and keeping of our dear nephew Thomas Holland 1st Duke Surrey (25) .

.. Of this our royal testament we nominate make and depute executors the venerable fathers in Christ Richard Mitford Bishop Chichester, Bishop Salisbury, Edmund Stafford Bishop Exeter (55) , Robert Tideman of Winchcombe Bishop Llandaff, Bishop Worcester, Thomas Merke Bishop Carlisle and Guy Mone Aka Mohun Bishop St David's; our beloved brother Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York (26) , our nephew Thomas Holland 1st Duke Surrey (25) , our brother John Holland 1st Duke Exeter (47) and William Scrope 1st Earl Wiltshire (49) to each of whom we bequeath a gold cup of the value of twenty pounds and our beloved and faithful clerks Master Richard Clifford Bishop Bath and Wells, Bishop Worcester, Bishop London Keeper of our Privy Seal, Master Richard Maudeleyn, Master William Fereby and Master John Ikelyngton clerks and John Lufwyk and William Serle laymen, to each of whom we will shall be paid their expenses and necessary costs while it shall happen that they or any of them are employed about the execution of our present last will, but according to the discretion of their said co-executors. ..

Whom all and singular we have charged and charge that they shall do as much as in them is for the due execution and fulfilment of this our last will as they shall wish to answer before God. We create ordain depute and make overseers of this our will the reverend fathers in Christ Roger Walden Archbishop Canterbury and Richard Scrope Archbishop York (49) , William bishop of Winchester and William abbot of the monastery of Westminster Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York (26) our uncle and Henry Percy 1st Earl Northumberland (57) our cousin.

On 17 Dec 1399 the conspirators at Abbey House including Thomas Blount (47) , Thomas Despencer 1st Earl Gloucester (26) , Thomas Holland 1st Duke Surrey (25) , John Holland 1st Duke Exeter (47) , Ralph Lumley 1st Baron Lumley (39) , John Montagu 3rd Earl Salisbury (49) , Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York (26) , Bernard Brocas (45) . They plotted to capture Henry IV King England (32) at a Tournament in Windsor on the Feast of Epiphany hence the Epiphany Rising.

On 07 Jan 1400 at Cirencester Ralph Lumley 1st Baron Lumley (40) was beheaded by the townspeople following an unsuccessful attempt to seize the town. Thomas Holland 1st Duke Surrey (26) and John Montagu 3rd Earl Salisbury (50) were both captured, tried and beheaded. Bernard Brocas (46) was captured. [Epiphany Rising].

Thomas Holland 1st Duke Surrey and Joan Stafford were married

ANCESTRY

Father: Thomas Holland 2nd Earl Kent

GrandFather: Thomas Holland 1st Earl Kent

1G GrandFather: Robert Holland 1st Baron Holland

2G GrandFather: Robert de Holand of Upholland

1G GrandMother: Maud Zouche

2G GrandFather: Alan Zouche 1st Baron Zouche Ashby

3G GrandFather: Roger Zouche

4G GrandFather: Alan Zouche

4G GrandMother: Helen or Ela Quincy

3G GrandMother: Ela Longespée

4G GrandFather: Stephen Longespée

4G GrandMother: Emmeline Riddlesford

2G GrandMother: Eleanor Segrave

3G GrandFather: Nicholas Segrave 1st Baron Segrave

4G GrandFather: Gilbert Segrave

3G GrandMother: Maud Lacy

4G GrandFather: Thomas Lacy

4G GrandMother: Margaret Multon

GrandMother: Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Plantagenet Princessss Wales

1G GrandFather: Edmund Plantagenet 1st Earl Kent

2G GrandFather: Edward "Longshanks" I King England

3G GrandFather: Henry III King England

4G GrandFather: John "Lackland" I King England

4G GrandMother: Isabella Angouleme Queen Consort England

3G GrandMother: Eleanor Provence Queen Consort England

4G GrandFather: Raymond Berenguer Provence IV Count Provence

4G GrandMother: Beatrice Savoy

2G GrandMother: Margaret Capet

3G GrandFather: Philip "Bold" III King France

4G GrandFather: Louis IX King France

4G GrandMother: Margaret Provence Queen Consort France

3G GrandMother: Maria Reginar

4G GrandFather: Henry Reginar III Duke Brabant

4G GrandMother: Adelaide Burgundy

1G GrandMother: Margaret Wake 3rd Baroness Wake Liddell

2G GrandFather: John Wake 1st Baron Wake Liddell

3G GrandFather: Baldwin Wake

3G GrandMother: Hawise Quincy

4G GrandFather: Robert Quincy

4G GrandMother: Elen ferch Llewellyn Aberffraw

2G GrandMother: Joan Fiennes

3G GrandFather: William Fiennes

4G GrandFather: Enguerrand Ingleram Fiennes

4G GrandMother: Isabel Provence

3G GrandMother: Blanche Beaumont

4G GrandFather: John Beaumont

4G GrandMother: Jeanne Chateaudun

Mother: Alice Fitzalan

GrandFather: Richard Fitzalan 10th Earl Arundel, 8th Earl Surrey

1G GrandFather: Edmund Fitzalan 9th Earl Arundel

2G GrandFather: Richard Fitzalan 8th Earl Arundel

3G GrandFather: John Fitzalan 7th Earl Arundel

4G GrandFather: John Fitzalan 6th Earl Arundel

4G GrandMother: Maud Verdun

3G GrandMother: Isabella Mortimer

4G GrandFather: Roger Mortimer 1st Baron Mortimer Wigmore

4G GrandMother: Maud Braose

2G GrandMother: Alice Saluzzo

1G GrandMother: Alice Warenne

2G GrandFather: William Warenne

3G GrandFather: John Warenne 6th Earl Surrey

4G GrandFather: William Warenne 5th Earl Surrey

4G GrandMother: Maud Marshal

3G GrandMother: Alice Lusignan

4G GrandFather: Hugh Lusignan X Count Lusignan, V Count La Marche

4G GrandMother: Isabella Angouleme Queen Consort England

2G GrandMother: Joan Vere

3G GrandFather: Robert Vere 5th Earl Oxford

4G GrandFather: Hugh Vere 4th Earl Oxford

4G GrandMother: Hawise Quincy

3G GrandMother: Alice Sandford

GrandMother: Eleanor Plantagenet

1G GrandFather: Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl Leicester, 3rd Earl Lancaster

2G GrandFather: Edmund Crouchback Plantagenet 1st Earl Leicester, 1st Earl Lancaster

3G GrandFather: Henry III King England

4G GrandFather: John "Lackland" I King England

4G GrandMother: Isabella Angouleme Queen Consort England

3G GrandMother: Eleanor Provence Queen Consort England

4G GrandFather: Raymond Berenguer Provence IV Count Provence

4G GrandMother: Beatrice Savoy

2G GrandMother: Blanche Capet

3G GrandFather: Robert Capet

4G GrandFather: Louis "Lion" VIII King France

4G GrandMother: Blanche Ivrea Queen Consort France

3G GrandMother: Matilda Reginar

4G GrandFather: Henry Reginar II Duke Brabant

4G GrandMother: Marie Swabia

1G GrandMother: Maud Chaworth

2G GrandFather: Patrick Chaworth

3G GrandFather: Patrick Chaworth

2G GrandMother: Isabella Beauchamp

3G GrandFather: William Beauchamp 9th Earl Warwick

4G GrandFather: William Beauchamp

4G GrandMother: Isabel Maudit

3G GrandMother: Maud Fitzjohn

4G GrandFather: John Fitzpeter

4G GrandMother: Isabel Bigod