BIOGRAPHY OF HUGH "ELDER" DESPENCER 1ST EARL WINCHESTER 1261-1326

GENERAL

Paternal Family Tree: DESPENCER

EVENTS

On 01 Mar 1261 Hugh "Elder" Despencer 1st Earl Winchester was born to Hugh Despencer 1st Baron Despencer (37) and Aline Bassett (20)

Before 1286 Hugh "Elder" Despencer 1st Earl Winchester and Isabella Beauchamp were married

In 1286 Hugh "Younger" Despencer was born to Hugh "Elder" Despencer 1st Earl Winchester (24) and Isabella Beauchamp (23)

On 22 Jul 1298 Edward "Longshanks" I King England (59) defeated the Scottish army led by William Wallace during the Battle of Falkirk at Falkirk using archers to firstly attack the Scottish shiltrons with the heavy cavalry and infantry completing the defeat. The English were described in the Falkirk Roll that lists 111 men with their armorials. The English army included: Guy Beauchamp 10th Earl Warwick (26) , Walter Beauchamp (55) , Roger Bigod 5th Earl Norfolk (53) , Humphrey Bohun 3rd Earl Hereford, 2nd Earl Essex (49) , Robert Clifford 1st Baron Clifford (24) , Hugh "Elder" Despencer 1st Earl Winchester (37) , William Ferrers 1st Baron Ferrers Groby (26) , Thomas Berkeley 6th Baron Berkeley (52) , Maurice Berkeley 7th Baron Berkeley (27) , Henry Grey 1st Baron Grey Codnor (43) , Reginald Grey 1st Baron Grey Wilton (58) , John Grey 2nd Baron Grey Wilton (30) , John Mohun 1st Baron Mohun Dunster (29) , Simon Montagu 1st Baron Montagu (48) , Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March (11) , William Ros 1st Baron Ros Helmsley (43) , John Segrave 2nd Baron Segrave (42) , Nicholas Segrave (42) , Robert Vere 6th Earl Oxford (41) , Alan Zouche 1st Baron Zouche Ashby (30) , Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl Leicester, 2nd Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, 4th Earl Lincoln (20) , Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl Leicester, 3rd Earl Lancaster (17) , John Warenne 6th Earl Surrey (67) , Henry Percy 1st Baron Percy (25) , Hugh Courtenay 9th Earl Devon (21) , Richard Fitzalan 8th Earl Arundel (31) , Henry Beaumont 4th Earl Buchan (18) , John Capet II Duke Brittany (59) , Philip Darcy, Robert Fitzroger, Roger Fitzwalter, Simon Fraser, Aymer Valence 2nd Earl Pembroke (23) , John Wake 1st Baron Wake Liddell (30) and Henry Lacy 3rd Earl Lincoln, 4th Earl Salisbury (47) . William Scrope (53) was knighted. Of the Scottish army John Stewart was killed. William Boyd 4th Earl Kilmarnock fought.

On 16 Jan 1310 Edward II 1307-1313. Edward II King England (25) . Stamford. To the Sheriff of York [1]. Order to proclaim that the king does not intend to change the money current in the Kingdom in the late King's time, as had been rumoured, and to forbid anyone from thinking little of it, whereby victuals and other necessaries may be sold more dearly. [Foedera].
The like to all the Sheriffs of England [Ibid].
Enrolment of deed of Peter de Gavaston [2] (26) , knight, surrendering to the king the castle, manor, and honour of Knaresborough, with the free chase of Knaresborough, and the manors of Routheclyve and Auldburgh, lately granted to him by the King for his lifetime. Witnesses: Gilbert Clare 8th Earl Gloucester, 7th Earl Hertford, Henry Lacy 3rd Earl Lincoln, 4th Earl Salisbury (59) , John Warenne 7th Earl Surrey (23) , John de Brittania , Earl of Richmond, Hugh "Elder" Despencer 1st Earl Winchester (48) , Henry Percy 1st Baron Percy (36) , Robert son of Walter, Robert son of Payn, William de Burford, William Inge. Dated at Stamford July 26, 3 Edward II.
Enrolment of like surrender by the said Peter [3] (26) of the county of Gaure and the castles of Talanon, Tantalon, and Mauleon, the provostships (preposituras) and Camparian(um) called 'la Cointal' and of the city of Bayonne, the manor of Erebafaveyra, Born, Comtad, Salmun, Dagenes, and the island of Oleron, and the lands of Marempne and of Lancras in Saintogne, and all rights, appurtenances, etc., etc., thereto pertaining to the king, which the king lately granted him for life. Witnesses as above. Dated August 4, 3 Edward II.
Memorandum, that this deed was delivered to the king in his chamber in the House of the Friars Preachers at Stamford, by the hands of the said Peter [4] (26) and the king delivered the said deed to J his chancellor, to be enrolled in the chancery, and it was afterwards delivered to Ingelard de Warle, keeper of the King's Wardrobe to be kept in the king's wardrobe, but the king's charters that the said Peter hereof were not then restored. [CONTINUES]

In 1321 Hugh "Elder" Despencer 1st Earl Winchester (59) exiled

In 1322 Hugh "Elder" Despencer 1st Earl Winchester (60) was created 1st Earl Winchester (2C 1322)

On 27 Oct 1326 Hugh "Elder" Despencer 1st Earl Winchester (65) hanged, drawn and quartered at Bristol

Aline Despencer was born to Hugh "Elder" Despencer 1st Earl Winchester and Isabella Beauchamp

Elizabeth Despencer was born to Hugh "Elder" Despencer 1st Earl Winchester and Isabella Beauchamp

Isabel Despencer was born to Hugh "Elder" Despencer 1st Earl Winchester and Isabella Beauchamp

Philip Despencer was born to Hugh "Elder" Despencer 1st Earl Winchester and Isabella Beauchamp

ANCESTRY

Father: Hugh Despencer 1st Baron Despencer

GrandFather: Hugh Despencer

1G GrandFather: Thomas Despencer

2G GrandFather: Geoffrey Despencer

1G GrandMother: Recuara Harcourt

Mother: Aline Bassett

GrandFather: Philip Basset

1G GrandFather: Alan Bassett

2G GrandFather: Thomas Basset

3G GrandFather: Gilbert Basset

4G GrandFather: Ralph Basset

3G GrandMother: Cecily Englefield

2G GrandMother: Adeliza Dunstanville

3G GrandFather: Alan Dunstanville

4G GrandFather: Reginald Dunstanville

1G GrandMother: Aline Fitzrobert

2G GrandFather: Philip Fitzrobert

3G GrandFather: Robert Normandy 1st Earl Gloucester

4G GrandFather: Henry "Beauclearc" I King England

4G GrandMother: Unknown Unknown

3G GrandMother: Mabel Fitzhamon

GrandMother: Hawise Reginar

1G GrandFather: Matthew Reginar

2G GrandFather: Godfrey Reginar

3G GrandFather: Godfrey Reginar VIII Duke Lower Lorraine

4G GrandFather: Godfrey Reginar VII Duke Lower Lorraine

4G GrandMother: Lutgardis Sulzbach

3G GrandMother: Imagina Loon

4G GrandFather: Louis Loon I Count Loon

4G GrandMother: Agnes Metz

2G GrandMother: Alice Hastings

3G GrandFather: Robert Fitzwilliam-Hastings