BIOGRAPHY OF ROBERT CLIFFORD 1ST BARON CLIFFORD 1274-131

Paternal Family Tree

Descent French Royalty: 8G Grandson Henry I King France

EVENTS

On 24 Jun 1314 at the Battle of Bannockburn [Bannockburn] Robert Clifford 1st Baron Clifford, Walter Fauconberg, John Lovell 2nd Baron Lovell, William Marshal 1st Baron Marshal, Pain Tiptoft 1st Baron Tibetot, Gilbert Clare 8th Earl Gloucester, 7th Earl Hertford, John Comyn 4th Lord Baddenoch, John Montfort 2nd Baron Montfort and William Vesci were killed. Henry Bohun killed by Robert "The Bruce" I King Scotland

On 01 Apr 1274 Robert Clifford 1st Baron Clifford was born to Roger Clifford (31) and Isabella Vipont at Clifford Castle

On 03 Nov 1295 Robert Clifford 1st Baron Clifford (21) and Maud Clare (19) were married at Clifford Castle

After 1296 Robert Clifford 1st Baron Clifford was appointed as Governor Carlisle Castle

On 30 Mar 1296 Robert Clifford 1st Baron Clifford (21) captured Berwick on Tweed from William "Hardy" Douglas 2nd Lord Douglas. Richard Cornwall (44) was killed during the course of the siege. 'When the town had been taken in this way and its citizens had submitted, Edward spared no one, whatever the age or sex, and for two days streams of blood flowed from the bodies of the slain, for in his tyrannous rage he ordered 7,500 souls of both sexes to be massacred...So that mills could be turned by the flow of their blood.' - Account of the Massacre of Berwick, from Bower’s Scotichronicon. [Capture of Berwick].

Around 1297 Robert Clifford 1st Baron Clifford (22) was appointed as Warden of the Scottish Marches

On 22 Jul 1298 Edward "Longshanks" I King England (59) defeated the Scottish army led by William Wallace during the Battle of Falkirk at Falkirk using archers to firstly attack the Scottish shiltrons with the heavy cavalry and infantry completing the defeat. The English were described in the Falkirk Roll that lists 111 men with their armorials. The English army included: Guy Beauchamp 10th Earl Warwick (26) , Walter Beauchamp (55) , Roger Bigod 5th Earl Norfolk (53) , Humphrey Bohun 3rd Earl Hereford, 2nd Earl Essex (49) , Robert Clifford 1st Baron Clifford (24) , Hugh "Elder" Despencer 1st Earl Winchester (37) , William Ferrers 1st Baron Ferrers Groby (26) , Thomas Berkeley 6th Baron Berkeley (52) , Maurice Berkeley 7th Baron Berkeley (27) Henry Grey 1st Baron Grey Codnor (43) , Reginald Grey 1st Baron Grey Wilton (58) , John Grey 2nd Baron Grey Wilton (30) , John Mohun 1st Baron Mohun Dunster (29) , Simon Montagu 1st Baron Montagu (48) , Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March (11) , William Ros 1st Baron Ros Helmsley (43) , John Segrave 2nd Baron Segrave (42) , Nicholas Segrave (42) , Robert Vere 6th Earl Oxford (41) , Alan Zouche 1st Baron Zouche Ashby (30) , Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl Leicester, 2nd Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, 4th Earl Lincoln (20) , Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl Leicester, 3rd Earl Lancaster (17) , John Warenne 6th Earl Surrey (67) , Henry Percy 1st Baron Percy (25) , Hugh Courtenay 9th Earl Devon (21) , Richard Fitzalan 8th Earl Arundel (32) , Henry Beaumont 4th Earl Buchan, John Capet II Duke Brittany, Philip Darcy, Robert Fitzroger, Roger Fitzwalter, Simon Fraser, Aymer Valence 2nd Earl Pembroke, John Wake 1st Baron Wake Liddell and Henry Lacy 3rd Earl Lincoln, 4th Earl Salisbury (47) . William Scrope (53) was knighted. Of the Scottish army John Stewart was killed. William Boyd 4th Earl Kilmarnock fought.

In 1299 Robert Clifford 1st Baron Clifford (24) was created 1st Baron Clifford

On 21 Jan 1300 Roger Clifford 2nd Baron Clifford was born to Robert Clifford 1st Baron Clifford (25) and Maud Clare (24)

In Jul 1300 Robert Clifford 1st Baron Clifford (26) , Hugh Courtenay 9th Earl Devon (23) , Simon Fraser, John Mohun 1st Baron Mohun Dunster (31) and Simon Montagu 1st Baron Montagu (50) fought at Caerlaverock during the Siege of Caerlaverock Castle.

Before 09 Mar 1301 seven Earls and 96 Barons signed a letter to the Pope refuting the Pope's claim that Scotland was subject to the Pope's feudal overlordship. The letter was never sent. Those who signed include: John Warenne 6th Earl Surrey, Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl Leicester, 2nd Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, 4th Earl Lincoln, Ralph Monthermer 1st Baron Monthermer, Humphrey Bohun 4th Earl Hereford, 3rd Earl Essex, Roger Bigod 5th Earl Norfolk, Richard Fitzalan 8th Earl Arundel, Guy Beauchamp 10th Earl Warwick, Aymer Valence 2nd Earl Pembroke, William Leybourne, Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl Leicester, 3rd Earl Lancaster, William Latimer 1st Baron Latimer Corby, Edmund Hastings, John Hastings 2nd Baron Hastings, 14th Baron Bergavenny, Edmund Mortimer 2nd Baron Mortimer Wigmore, Fulk Fitzwarin 2nd Baron Fitzwarin, Henry Percy 1st Baron Percy, Robert Fitzwalter 1st Baron Fitzwalter, John Beauchamp 1st Baron Beauchamp Somerset, William Braose 2nd Baron Braose, John Botetort 1st Baron Botetort, Reginald Grey 1st Baron Grey Wilton, John Moels 1st Baron Moels, Thomas Berkeley 6th Baron Berkeley, Robert Vere 5th Earl Oxford, John Strange 1st Baron Strange Knockin, Thomas Multon 1st Baron Multon Gilsland, Robert Clifford 1st Baron Clifford, Walter Beauchamp, Alan Zouche 1st Baron Zouche Ashby, John Segrave 2nd Baron Segrave, William Ferrers 1st Baron Ferrers Groby, Simon Montagu 1st Baron Montagu, Piers Mauley 1st Baron Mauley, Ralph Neville 1st Baron Neville Raby, John Mohun 1st Baron Mohun Dunster, Roger Scales 1st Baron Scales, Thomas Furnival 1st Baron Furnivall, Hugh Bardolf 1st Baron Bardolf, Gilbert Talbot 1st Baron Talbot, William Deincourt 1st Baron Deincourt, Edmund Stafford 1st Baron Stafford, Walter Fauconberg 1st Baron Fauconberg [Baron's Letter to the Pope].

Around 20 Feb 1304 a chevauchée of English knights including Robert Clifford 1st Baron Clifford (29) , William Latimer 2nd Baron Latimer Corby (28) , John Mohun 1st Baron Mohun Dunster (35) , John Segrave 2nd Baron Segrave (48) and the future Robert "The Bruce" I King Scotland (29) attempted, unsuccessfully, to capture Simon Fraser and William Wallace at Happrew during the Battle of Happrew.

On 05 Nov 1305 Robert Clifford 3rd Baron Clifford was born to Robert Clifford 1st Baron Clifford (31) and Maud Clare (29)

In 1307 Margaret Clifford was born to Robert Clifford 1st Baron Clifford (32) and Maud Clare (31) at Appleby Castle

On 07 Jul 1307 Edward "Longshanks" I King England (68) died at Burgh by Sands on his way north to Scotland. Edward "Longshanks" I King England (68) gathered around him Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl Leicester, 2nd Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, 4th Earl Lincoln (29) , Guy Beauchamp 10th Earl Warwick (35) , Aymer Valence 2nd Earl Pembroke and Robert Clifford 1st Baron Clifford (33) and charged them with looking after his son in particular ensuring Piers Gaveston 1st Earl Cornwall didn't return from exile. [Death of Edward I].

Around 19 Mar 1311 the nobility attempt to constrain Edward II King England (26) by imposing a Council of Ordainers upon him. The Council included twenty-one signatories: Guy Beauchamp 10th Earl Warwick (39) , Robert Clifford 1st Baron Clifford (36) , Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl Leicester, 2nd Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, 4th Earl Lincoln (33) , Gilbert Clare 8th Earl Gloucester, 7th Earl Hertford, Henry Lacy 3rd Earl Lincoln, 4th Earl Salisbury (60) , John Capet 5th Earl Richmond, William Marshal 1st Baron Marshal (33) and Aymer Valence 2nd Earl Pembroke. [Council of Ordainers].

On 04 May 1312 Edward II King England (28) and Piers Gaveston 1st Earl Cornwall were at Newcastle on Tyne Castle where they barely escaped a force led by Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl Leicester, 2nd Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, 4th Earl Lincoln (34) , Henry Percy 1st Baron Percy (39) and Robert Clifford 1st Baron Clifford (38) . Piers Gaveston 1st Earl Cornwall escaped to Scarborough, Edward II King England (28) to York. [Gaveston's Escape from Newcastle].

After 24 Jun 1314 Robert Clifford 1st Baron Clifford was buried at Shap Abbey

Idonia Clifford was born to Robert Clifford 1st Baron Clifford and Maud Clare

ANCESTRY

Father: Roger Clifford

GrandFather: Roger Clifford

2G GrandFather: Roger Clifford

3G GrandFather: Walter Clifford 2nd Baron Clifford

4G GrandFather: Walter Clifford 1st Baron Clifford

5G GrandFather: Richard Fitzpons

5G GrandMother: Matilda Gloucester

4G GrandMother: Margaret Isobel Tosny

5G GrandFather: Raoul Tosny

5G GrandMother: Alice Northumbria

3G GrandMother: Agnes Cundy

2G GrandMother: Sybil Ewyas

3G GrandFather: Robert Ewyas

GrandMother: Hawise Botreaux

2G GrandFather: John Botreaux

2G GrandMother: Hawise Newmarche

3G GrandFather: James Newmarche

Mother: Isabella Vipont

GrandFather: Robert Vipont Lord Westmoreland

GrandMother: Isabel Fitzjohn

2G GrandFather: John Fitzpeter

3G GrandFather: Geoffrey Fitzpeter 1st Earl Essex

3G GrandMother: Aveline Clare

4G GrandFather: Roger Clare 2nd Earl Hertford

5G GrandFather: Richard Clare

5G GrandMother: Alice Gernon

4G GrandMother: Maud St Hilary

2G GrandMother: Isabel Bigod

3G GrandFather: Hugh Bigod 3rd Earl Norfolk

4G GrandFather: Roger Bigod 2nd Earl Norfolk

5G GrandFather: Hugh Bigod 1st Earl Norfolk

5G GrandMother: Juliana Vere

4G GrandMother: Ida Tosny

5G GrandFather: Ralph Tosny

5G GrandMother: Margaret Beaumont-Roger

3G GrandMother: Maud Marshal

4G GrandFather: William Marshal

5G GrandFather: John Fitzgilbert

5G GrandMother: Sybil Salisbury

4G GrandMother: Isabel Clare 4th Earl Pembroke

5G GrandFather: Richard "Strongbow" Clare 2nd Earl Pembroke, 1st Earl Buckingham

5G GrandMother: Aoife Ní Diarmait Macmurrough