BIOGRAPHY OF HUMPHREY BOHUN 4TH EARL HEREFORD, 3RD EARL ESSEX 1276-1322

GENERAL

Paternal Family Tree: BOHUN

EVENTS

In 1276 Humphrey Bohun 4th Earl Hereford, 3rd Earl Essex was born to Humphrey Bohun 3rd Earl Hereford, 2nd Earl Essex (27) and Maud Fiennes (22) at Pleshy Castle

On 31 Dec 1298 Humphrey Bohun 4th Earl Hereford, 3rd Earl Essex (22) succeeded his father as 4th Earl Hereford (6C 1199), 3rd Earl Essex (3C 1239)

Before 09 Mar 1301 seven Earls and 96 Barons signed a letter to the Pope refuting the Pope's claim that Scotland was subject to the Pope's feudal overlordship. The letter was never sent. Those who signed include: John Warenne 6th Earl Surrey, Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl Leicester, 2nd Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, 4th Earl Lincoln, Ralph Monthermer 1st Baron Monthermer, Humphrey Bohun 4th Earl Hereford, 3rd Earl Essex, Roger Bigod 5th Earl Norfolk, Richard Fitzalan 8th Earl Arundel, Guy Beauchamp 10th Earl Warwick, Aymer Valence 2nd Earl Pembroke, William Leybourne, Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl Leicester, 3rd Earl Lancaster, William Latimer 1st Baron Latimer Corby, Edmund Hastings, John Hastings 2nd Baron Hastings, 14th Baron Bergavenny, Edmund Mortimer 2nd Baron Mortimer Wigmore, Fulk Fitzwarin 2nd Baron Fitzwarin, Henry Percy 1st Baron Percy, Robert Fitzwalter 1st Baron Fitzwalter, John Beauchamp 1st Baron Beauchamp Somerset, William Braose 2nd Baron Braose, John Botetort 1st Baron Botetort, Reginald Grey 1st Baron Grey Wilton, John Moels 1st Baron Moels, Thomas Berkeley 6th Baron Berkeley, Robert Vere 5th Earl Oxford, John Strange 1st Baron Strange Knockin, Thomas Multon 1st Baron Multon Gilsland, Robert Clifford 1st Baron Clifford, Walter Beauchamp, Alan Zouche 1st Baron Zouche Ashby, John Segrave 2nd Baron Segrave, William Ferrers 1st Baron Ferrers Groby, Simon Montagu 1st Baron Montagu, Piers Mauley 1st Baron Mauley, Ralph Neville 1st Baron Neville Raby, John Mohun 1st Baron Mohun Dunster, Roger Scales 1st Baron Scales, Thomas Furnival 1st Baron Furnivall, Hugh Bardolf 1st Baron Bardolf, Gilbert Talbot 1st Baron Talbot, William Deincourt 1st Baron Deincourt, Edmund Stafford 1st Baron Stafford, Walter Fauconberg 1st Baron Fauconberg [Baron's Letter to the Pope].

On 14 Nov 1302 Humphrey Bohun 4th Earl Hereford, 3rd Earl Essex (26) and Elizabeth Plantagenet (20) were married at Westminster Abbey

On 17 Oct 1304 Eleanor Bohun was born to Humphrey Bohun 4th Earl Hereford, 3rd Earl Essex (28) and Elizabeth Plantagenet (22)

In 1306 Humphrey Bohun was born to Humphrey Bohun 4th Earl Hereford, 3rd Earl Essex (30) and Elizabeth Plantagenet (23)

In 1306 Mary or Margaret Bohun was born to Humphrey Bohun 4th Earl Hereford, 3rd Earl Essex (30) and Elizabeth Plantagenet (23)

Around 1307 John Bohun 5th Earl Hereford, 4th Earl Essex was born to Humphrey Bohun 4th Earl Hereford, 3rd Earl Essex (31) and Elizabeth Plantagenet (24)

On 02 Dec 1307 Edward II King England (23) held a tournament to celebrate Piers Gaveston 1st Earl Cornwall (23) 's recent wedding. Piers Gaveston 1st Earl Cornwall (23) took the opportunity to humiliate the older nobility including John Warenne 7th Earl Surrey (21) , Humphrey Bohun 4th Earl Hereford, 3rd Earl Essex (31) and Edmund Fitzalan 9th Earl Arundel (22) further increasing his unpopularity. [Tournament at Wallingford].

On 25 Feb 1308 Edward II King England (23) was crowned II King England: Plantagenet Angevin at Westminster Abbey by Henry Woodlock, Bishop Winchester. Isabella Capet Queen Consort England (13) was crowned as Queen Consort England. Piers Gaveston 1st Earl Cornwall (24) carried the Royal Crown. William Marshal 1st Baron Marshal (30) carried the Gilt Spurs. Humphrey Bohun 4th Earl Hereford, 3rd Earl Essex (32) carried the Royal Sceptre. Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl Leicester, 3rd Earl Lancaster (27) carried the Royal Rod. Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl Leicester, 2nd Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, 4th Earl Lincoln (30) carried the sword Curtana (the sword of Edward the Confessor). Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March (20) carried the table bearing the Royal Robes. Thomas Grey (28) and Robert Fitzwalter 1st Baron Fitzwalter (61) [Coronation of Edward II and Isabella].

In 1309 Humphrey Bohun 6th Earl Hereford, 5th Earl Essex was born to Humphrey Bohun 4th Earl Hereford, 3rd Earl Essex (33) and Elizabeth Plantagenet (26)

On 06 Dec 1309 William Bohun 1st Earl Northampton was born to Humphrey Bohun 4th Earl Hereford, 3rd Earl Essex (33) and Elizabeth Plantagenet (27) at Caldicot Castle

In 1310 Edward Bohun was born to Humphrey Bohun 4th Earl Hereford, 3rd Earl Essex (34) and Elizabeth Plantagenet (27) at Caldicot Castle

On 03 Apr 1311 Margaret Bohun was born to Humphrey Bohun 4th Earl Hereford, 3rd Earl Essex (35) and Elizabeth Plantagenet (28)

On 09 Jun 1312 Piers Gaveston 1st Earl Cornwall (28) , under the protection of Aymer Valence 2nd Earl Pembroke (37) , stayed at The Rectory whilst en route south. Aymer Valence 2nd Earl Pembroke (37) left Piers Gaveston 1st Earl Cornwall (28) there whilst he left to visit his wife. The following morning Guy Beauchamp 10th Earl Warwick (40) , with Edmund Fitzalan 9th Earl Arundel (27) , Humphrey Bohun 4th Earl Hereford, 3rd Earl Essex (36) and John Botetort 1st Baron Botetort (47) arrested Piers Gaveston 1st Earl Cornwall (28) and took him to Warwick Castle. [Capture of Piers Gaveston].

Around 15 Jun 1312 Piers Gaveston 1st Earl Cornwall (28) was tried at Warwick Castle by Guy Beauchamp 10th Earl Warwick (40) , Humphrey Bohun 4th Earl Hereford, 3rd Earl Essex (36) , Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl Leicester, 2nd Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, 4th Earl Lincoln (34) and Edmund Fitzalan 9th Earl Arundel (27) . He was condemned to death. [Trial of Piers Gaveston].

On 24 Jun 1314 at the Battle of Bannockburn [Bannockburn] Bartholomew Badlesmere 1st Baron Badlesmere (38) fought, Humphrey Bohun 4th Earl Hereford, 3rd Earl Essex (38) , Goronwy ap Tudur Hen Tudor, Henry Beaumont 4th Earl Buchan (34) , Aymer Valence 2nd Earl Pembroke (39) and Robert Umfraville Earl Angus (37) fought. Thomas Grey (34) undertook a suicidal charge that contributed to the English defeat and subsequently blemished his career

On 02 Jan 1315 Piers Gaveston 1st Earl Cornwall was buried at King's Langley Priory in a lavish ceremony some two and a half years after his murder. The ceremony was attended by Edward II King England (30) and his wife Isabella Capet Queen Consort England (20) as well as Humphrey Bohun 4th Earl Hereford, 3rd Earl Essex (39) , Aymer Valence 2nd Earl Pembroke (40) , Thomas of Brotherton 1st Earl Norfolk (14) , Bartholomew Badlesmere 1st Baron Badlesmere (39) , Hugh Despencer 2nd Baron Despencer (7) and his son Hugh "Younger" Despencer (29) . [Funeral of Piers Gaveston].

On May 1316 Isabel Bohun was born to Humphrey Bohun 4th Earl Hereford, 3rd Earl Essex (40) and Elizabeth Plantagenet (33)

On 16 Mar 1322 the rebel army led by Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl Leicester, 2nd Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, 4th Earl Lincoln (44) attempted to cross the bridge at Boroughbridge. Their path was blocked by forces loyal to the King led by Andrew Harclay 1st Earl Carlisle (52) . Humphrey Bohun 4th Earl Hereford, 3rd Earl Essex (46) was killed. Bartholomew Badlesmere 1st Baron Badlesmere (46) , Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March (34) , John Botetort 1st Baron Botetort (57) and John Maltravers 1st Baron Maltravers (32) fought for the rebels. Roger Clifford 2nd Baron Clifford (22) , Nicholas Longford (34) , Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl Leicester, 2nd Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, 4th Earl Lincoln (44) , John Mowbray 2nd Baron Mowbray (35) were captured. Warin Lisle (51) hanged after the battle. [Battle of Boroughbridge].

ANCESTRY

Father: Humphrey Bohun 3rd Earl Hereford, 2nd Earl Essex

GrandFather: Humphrey Bohun

1G GrandFather: Humphrey Bohun 2nd Earl Hereford, 1st Earl Essex

2G GrandFather: Henry Bohun 1st Earl Hereford

3G GrandFather: Humphrey Bohun

4G GrandFather: Humphrey Bohun

4G GrandMother: Margaret Gloucester

3G GrandMother: Margaret Dunkeld

4G GrandFather: Henry Dunkeld 3rd Earl Huntingdon, 4th Earl Northumberland

4G GrandMother: Ada Warenne

2G GrandMother: Maud Mandeville

1G GrandMother: Matilda Lusignan

2G GrandFather: Raoul Lusignan

3G GrandFather: Hugh Lusignan

4G GrandFather: Hugh Lusignan VIII Count Lusignan

4G GrandMother: Bourgogne Dame de Fontenay Taillebourg

2G GrandMother: Alix Eu

GrandMother: Eleanor Braose

1G GrandFather: William Braose

2G GrandFather: Reginald Braose

3G GrandFather: William Braose 4th Baron Bramber

4G GrandFather: William Braose 3rd Baron Bramber

4G GrandMother: Bertha Gloucester

3G GrandMother: Maud "Lady of Hay" St Valery

4G GrandFather: Bernard St Valery

4G GrandMother: Matilda Unknown

2G GrandMother: Graecia Briwere

1G GrandMother: Eva Marshal

2G GrandFather: William Marshal

3G GrandFather: John Fitzgilbert

3G GrandMother: Sybil Salisbury

4G GrandFather: Walter Salisbury 2nd Baron Chitterne

4G GrandMother: Sybilla Chaworth

2G GrandMother: Isabel Clare 4th Countess Pembroke

3G GrandFather: Richard "Strongbow" Clare 2nd Earl Pembroke, 1st Earl Buckingham

4G GrandFather: Gilbert Clare 1st Earl Pembroke

4G GrandMother: Isabel Beaumont-Roger

3G GrandMother: Aoife Ní Diarmait Macmurrough

4G GrandFather: Diarmait Macmurrough

Mother: Maud Fiennes

GrandFather: Enguerrand Ingleram Fiennes

1G GrandFather: William Fiennes

2G GrandFather: Engeurrand "Crusader" Fiennes

3G GrandFather: Eustace Fiennes

4G GrandFather: Conan Fiennes

3G GrandMother: Alix Unknown

4G GrandFather: Eustache Unknown

2G GrandMother: Sibylle Flanders

3G GrandFather: Guillaume Flanders

4G GrandFather: Godfrey Flanders Lord Bouilon

4G GrandMother: Beatrice Mandeville

1G GrandMother: Agnes Dammartin

2G GrandFather: Alberic Dammartin

2G GrandMother: Mathilde Clermont

3G GrandFather: Renaud II Clermont

GrandMother: Isabel Provence