BIOGRAPHY OF HUMPHREY BOHUN 4TH EARL HEREFORD, 3RD EARL ESSEX 1276-1322

Paternal Family Tree

Descent French Royalty: 7G Grandson Henry I King France

EVENTS

On 24 Jun 1314 at the Battle of Bannockburn [Bannockburn] Bartholomew Badlesmere 1st Baron Badlesmere fought, Humphrey Bohun 4th Earl Hereford, 3rd Earl Essex, Goronwy ap Tudur Hen Tudor, Henry Beaumont 4th Earl Buchan, Aymer Valence 2nd Earl Pembroke and Robert Umfraville Earl Angus fought. Thomas Grey undertook a suicidal charge that contributed to the English defeat and subsequently blemished his career

In 1276 Humphrey Bohun 4th Earl Hereford, 3rd Earl Essex was born to Humphrey Bohun 3rd Earl Hereford, 2nd Earl Essex (27) and Maud Fiennes (22) at Pleshy Castle

On 31 Dec 1298 Humphrey Bohun 4th Earl Hereford, 3rd Earl Essex (22) succeeded his father as 4th Earl Hereford (6C 1199), 3rd Earl Essex (3C 1239)

Before 09 Mar 1301 seven Earls and 96 Barons signed a letter to the Pope refuting the Pope's claim that Scotland was subject to the Pope's feudal overlordship. The letter was never sent. Those who signed include: John Warenne 6th Earl Surrey, Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl Leicester, 2nd Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, 4th Earl Lincoln, Ralph Monthermer 1st Baron Monthermer, Humphrey Bohun 4th Earl Hereford, 3rd Earl Essex, Roger Bigod 5th Earl Norfolk, Richard Fitzalan 8th Earl Arundel, Guy Beauchamp 10th Earl Warwick, Aymer Valence 2nd Earl Pembroke, William Leybourne, Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl Leicester, 3rd Earl Lancaster, William Latimer 1st Baron Latimer Corby, Edmund Hastings, John Hastings 2nd Baron Hastings, 14th Baron Bergavenny, Edmund Mortimer 2nd Baron Mortimer Wigmore, Fulk Fitzwarin 2nd Baron Fitzwarin, Henry Percy 1st Baron Percy, Robert Fitzwalter 1st Baron Fitzwalter, John Beauchamp 1st Baron Beauchamp Somerset, William Braose 2nd Baron Braose, John Botetort 1st Baron Botetort, Reginald Grey 1st Baron Grey Wilton, John Moels 1st Baron Moels, Thomas Berkeley 6th Baron Berkeley, Robert Vere 5th Earl Oxford, John Strange 1st Baron Strange Knockin, Thomas Multon 1st Baron Multon Gilsland, Robert Clifford 1st Baron Clifford, Walter Beauchamp, Alan Zouche 1st Baron Zouche Ashby, John Segrave 2nd Baron Segrave, William Ferrers 1st Baron Ferrers Groby, Simon Montagu 1st Baron Montagu, Piers Mauley 1st Baron Mauley, Ralph Neville 1st Baron Neville Raby, John Mohun 1st Baron Mohun Dunster, Roger Scales 1st Baron Scales, Thomas Furnival 1st Baron Furnivall, Hugh Bardolf 1st Baron Bardolf, Gilbert Talbot 1st Baron Talbot, William Deincourt 1st Baron Deincourt, Edmund Stafford 1st Baron Stafford, Walter Fauconberg 1st Baron Fauconberg [Baron's Letter to the Pope].

On 14 Nov 1302 Humphrey Bohun 4th Earl Hereford, 3rd Earl Essex (26) and Elizabeth Plantagenet (20) were married at Westminster Abbey

On 17 Oct 1304 Eleanor Bohun was born to Humphrey Bohun 4th Earl Hereford, 3rd Earl Essex (28) and Elizabeth Plantagenet (22)

In 1306 Humphrey Bohun was born to Humphrey Bohun 4th Earl Hereford, 3rd Earl Essex (30) and Elizabeth Plantagenet (23)

In 1306 Mary or Margaret Bohun was born to Humphrey Bohun 4th Earl Hereford, 3rd Earl Essex (30) and Elizabeth Plantagenet (23)

Around 1307 John Bohun 5th Earl Hereford, 4th Earl Essex was born to Humphrey Bohun 4th Earl Hereford, 3rd Earl Essex (31) and Elizabeth Plantagenet (24)

On 02 Dec 1307 Edward II King England (23) held a tournament to celebrate Piers Gaveston 1st Earl Cornwall's recent wedding. Piers Gaveston 1st Earl Cornwall took the opportunity to humiliate the older nobility including John Warenne 7th Earl Surrey (21) , Humphrey Bohun 4th Earl Hereford, 3rd Earl Essex (31) and Edmund Fitzalan 9th Earl Arundel (22) further increasing his unpopularity. [Tournament at Wallingford].

On 25 Feb 1308 Edward II King England (23) was crowned II King England: Plantagenet Angevin at Westminster Abbey by Henry Woodlock, Bishop Winchester. Isabella Capet Queen Consort England was crowned as Queen Consort England. Piers Gaveston 1st Earl Cornwall carried the Royal Crown. William Marshal 1st Baron Marshal (30) carried the Gilt Spurs. Humphrey Bohun 4th Earl Hereford, 3rd Earl Essex (32) carried the Royal Sceptre. Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl Leicester, 3rd Earl Lancaster (27) carried the Royal Rod. Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl Leicester, 2nd Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, 4th Earl Lincoln (30) carried the sword Curtana (the sword of Edward the Confessor). Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March (20) carried the table bearing the Royal Robes. Thomas Grey (28) and Robert Fitzwalter 1st Baron Fitzwalter [Coronation of Edward II and Isabella].

In 1309 Humphrey Bohun 6th Earl Hereford, 5th Earl Essex was born to Humphrey Bohun 4th Earl Hereford, 3rd Earl Essex (33) and Elizabeth Plantagenet (26)

On 06 Dec 1309 William Bohun 1st Earl Northampton was born to Humphrey Bohun 4th Earl Hereford, 3rd Earl Essex (33) and Elizabeth Plantagenet (27) at Caldicot Castle

In 1310 Edward Bohun was born to Humphrey Bohun 4th Earl Hereford, 3rd Earl Essex (34) and Elizabeth Plantagenet (27) at Caldicot Castle

On 03 Apr 1311 Margaret Bohun was born to Humphrey Bohun 4th Earl Hereford, 3rd Earl Essex (35) and Elizabeth Plantagenet (28)

On 09 Jun 1312 Piers Gaveston 1st Earl Cornwall, under the protection of Aymer Valence 2nd Earl Pembroke, stayed at The Rectory whilst en route south. Aymer Valence 2nd Earl Pembroke left Piers Gaveston 1st Earl Cornwall there whilst he left to visit his wife. The following morning Guy Beauchamp 10th Earl Warwick (40) , with Edmund Fitzalan 9th Earl Arundel (27) , Humphrey Bohun 4th Earl Hereford, 3rd Earl Essex (36) and John Botetort 1st Baron Botetort arrested Piers Gaveston 1st Earl Cornwall and took him to Warwick Castle. [Capture of Piers Gaveston].

Around 15 Jun 1312 Piers Gaveston 1st Earl Cornwall was tried at Warwick Castle by Guy Beauchamp 10th Earl Warwick (40) , Humphrey Bohun 4th Earl Hereford, 3rd Earl Essex (36) , Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl Leicester, 2nd Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, 4th Earl Lincoln (34) and Edmund Fitzalan 9th Earl Arundel (27) . He was condemned to death. [Trial of Piers Gaveston].

On 02 Jan 1315 Piers Gaveston 1st Earl Cornwall was buried at King's Langley Priory in a lavish ceremony some two and a half years after his murder. The ceremony was attended by Edward II King England (30) and his wife Isabella Capet Queen Consort England as well as Humphrey Bohun 4th Earl Hereford, 3rd Earl Essex (39) , Aymer Valence 2nd Earl Pembroke, Thomas Plantagenet 1st Earl Norfolk (14) , Bartholomew Badlesmere 1st Baron Badlesmere (39) , Hugh Despencer 2nd Baron Despencer (7) and his son Hugh "Younger" Despencer (29) . [Funeral of Piers Gaveston].

On May 1316 Isabel Bohun was born to Humphrey Bohun 4th Earl Hereford, 3rd Earl Essex (40) and Elizabeth Plantagenet (33)

On 16 Mar 1322 the rebel army led by Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl Leicester, 2nd Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, 4th Earl Lincoln (44) attempted to cross the bridge at Boroughbridge. Their path was blocked by forces loyal to the King led by Andrew Harclay 1st Earl Carlisle. Humphrey Bohun 4th Earl Hereford, 3rd Earl Essex (46) was killed. Bartholomew Badlesmere 1st Baron Badlesmere (46) , Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March (34) , John Botetort 1st Baron Botetort and John Maltravers 1st Baron Maltravers (32) fought for the rebels. Roger Clifford 2nd Baron Clifford (22) , Nicholas Longford (34) , Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl Leicester, 2nd Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, 4th Earl Lincoln (44) , John Mowbray 2nd Baron Mowbray (35) were captured. Warin Lisle (51) hanged after the battle. [Battle of Boroughbridge].

ANCESTRY

Father: Humphrey Bohun 3rd Earl Hereford, 2nd Earl Essex

GrandFather: Humphrey Bohun

2G GrandFather: Humphrey Bohun 2nd Earl Hereford, 1st Earl Essex

3G GrandFather: Henry Bohun 1st Earl Hereford

4G GrandFather: Humphrey Bohun

5G GrandFather: Humphrey Bohun

5G GrandMother: Margaret Gloucester

4G GrandMother: Margaret Dunkeld

5G GrandFather: Henry Dunkeld 3rd Earl Huntingdon, 4th Earl Northumberland

5G GrandMother: Ada Warenne

3G GrandMother: Maud Mandeville

2G GrandMother: Matilda Lusignan

3G GrandFather: Raoul Lusignan

4G GrandFather: Hugh Lusignan

5G GrandFather: Hugh Lusignan VIII Count Lusignan

5G GrandMother: Bourgogne Dame de Fontenay Taillebourg

3G GrandMother: Alix Eu

GrandMother: Eleanor Braose

2G GrandFather: William Braose

3G GrandFather: Reginald Braose

4G GrandFather: William Braose 4th Baron Bramber

5G GrandFather: William Braose 3rd Baron Bramber

5G GrandMother: Bertha Gloucester

4G GrandMother: Maud "Lady of Hay" St Valery

5G GrandFather: Bernard St Valery

5G GrandMother: Matilda Unknown

3G GrandMother: Graecia Briwere

2G GrandMother: Eva Marshal

3G GrandFather: William Marshal

4G GrandFather: John Fitzgilbert

4G GrandMother: Sybil Salisbury

5G GrandFather: Walter Salisbury 2nd Baron Chitterne

5G GrandMother: Sybilla Chaworth

3G GrandMother: Isabel Clare 4th Earl Pembroke

4G GrandFather: Richard "Strongbow" Clare 2nd Earl Pembroke, 1st Earl Buckingham

5G GrandFather: Gilbert Clare 1st Earl Pembroke

5G GrandMother: Isabel Beaumont-Roger

4G GrandMother: Aoife Ní Diarmait Macmurrough

5G GrandFather: Diarmait Macmurrough

Mother: Maud Fiennes

GrandFather: Enguerrand Ingleram Fiennes

2G GrandFather: William Fiennes

3G GrandFather: Engeurrand "Crusader" Fiennes

4G GrandFather: Eustace Fiennes

5G GrandFather: Conan Fiennes

4G GrandMother: Alix Unknown

5G GrandFather: Eustache Unknown

3G GrandMother: Sibylle Flanders

4G GrandFather: Guillaume Flanders

5G GrandFather: Godfrey Flanders Lord Bouilon

5G GrandMother: Beatrice Mandeville

2G GrandMother: Agnes Dammartin

3G GrandFather: Alberic Dammartin

3G GrandMother: Mathilde Clermont

4G GrandFather: Renaud II Clermont

GrandMother: Isabel Provence