BIOGRAPHY OF HUMPHREY BOHUN 2ND EARL HEREFORD, 1ST EARL ESSEX 1204-1275

GENERAL

Paternal Family Tree: BOHUN

Descent French Royalty: 4G Grandson Henry I King France

Descent Royal House of Wessex: 5G Grandson Edmund "Ironside" I King England

EVENTS

In 1204 Humphrey Bohun 2nd Earl Hereford, 1st Earl Essex was born to Henry Bohun 1st Earl Hereford (28) and Maud Mandeville

On 01 Jun 1220 Humphrey Bohun 2nd Earl Hereford, 1st Earl Essex (16) succeeded 2nd Earl Hereford (6C 1199)

In 1225 Humphrey Bohun was born to Humphrey Bohun 2nd Earl Hereford, 1st Earl Essex (21) and Matilda Lusignan (15)

Around 1236 Humphrey Bohun 2nd Earl Hereford, 1st Earl Essex (32) and Matilda Lusignan (26) were married

In 1239 Humphrey Bohun 2nd Earl Hereford, 1st Earl Essex (35) was created 1st Earl Essex (3C 1239)

On 22 Jun 1239 Edward "Longshanks" I King England was christened at Westminster Abbey during the Christening of Edward I with Humphrey Bohun 2nd Earl Hereford, 1st Earl Essex (35) as godfather. He was named after Edward "Confessor" King England

Around 1242 Eleanor Bohun was born to Humphrey Bohun 2nd Earl Hereford, 1st Earl Essex (38) and Matilda Lusignan

On 14 May 1264 the army of Simon Montfort 6th Earl Leicester (56) including Gilbert "Red Earl" Clare 7th Earl Gloucester, 6th Earl Hertford (20) , Henry Hastings (29) and Nicholas Segrave 1st Baron Segrave (26) defeated the army of Henry III King England (56) during the Battle of Lewes at Lewes. Henry III King England (56) , his son the future Edward "Longshanks" I King England (24) , Humphrey Bohun 2nd Earl Hereford, 1st Earl Essex (60) , Richard Cornwall 1st Earl Cornwall (55) , John "Red Comyn" Comyn 1st Lord Baddenoch (44) and John Giffard 1st Baron Giffard Brimpsfield (32) were captured. John Warenne 6th Earl Surrey (33) , John Balliol (56) , Robert Bruce 5th Lord Annadale (49) , Roger Leybourne (49) and William Valence 1st Earl Pembroke fought for the King. Guy Lusignan was killed. Fulk IV Fitzwarin (44) drowned. Walter Cantilupe Bishop Worcester (72) was present and blessed the Montfort army before the battle.

On 31 Oct 1266 the Dictum of Kenilworth was issued. The Dictum was a peace agreement between Henry III King England (59) and the rebels who were besieged in the impregnable Kenilworth Castle. Those appointed to the committee by Parliament included: Bishops Walter Branscombe Bishop Exeter (46) , Walter Giffard Archbishop York (41) , Nicholas Unknown Bishop Worcester, Bishop Winchester, Earls Gilbert Clare 8th Earl Gloucester, 7th Earl Hertford and Humphrey Bohun 2nd Earl Hereford, 1st Earl Essex (62) and Barons Philip Basset (82) , John Balliol (58) , Robert Walerand, Alan Zouche (63) , Roger Somery 2nd Baron Dudley (76) and Warin Bassingbourne. The committee were given until All Saints Day, 01 Nov 1266, to draft and agreement. The primary purpose of the Dictum was to restore Royal authority repudiating the Provisions of Oxford, confirming the Magna Carta and Charter of the Forest. Rebels were fined five times their annual income. Rebel commanders Robert Ferrers 6th Earl Derby (27) and Henry Hastings (31) were fined seven times their annual income. The Dictum, however, required the rebels to pay their fines before being restored to their lands; something of a Catch-22 since if they weren't restored to their lands, they would have no income to pay the fine.

On 24 Sep 1275 Humphrey Bohun 2nd Earl Hereford, 1st Earl Essex (71) died at Kenilworth Castle

Humphrey Bohun 2nd Earl Hereford, 1st Earl Essex was appointed as Constable England

Humphrey Bohun 2nd Earl Hereford, 1st Earl Essex and Maud Avenbury were married

Henry Bohun was born to Humphrey Bohun 2nd Earl Hereford, 1st Earl Essex and Matilda Lusignan

Geoffrey Bohun was born to Humphrey Bohun 2nd Earl Hereford, 1st Earl Essex and Matilda Lusignan

Ralph Bohun was born to Humphrey Bohun 2nd Earl Hereford, 1st Earl Essex and Matilda Lusignan

Maud Bohun was born to Humphrey Bohun 2nd Earl Hereford, 1st Earl Essex and Matilda Lusignan

Alice Bohun was born to Humphrey Bohun 2nd Earl Hereford, 1st Earl Essex and Matilda Lusignan

Mary Bohun was born to Humphrey Bohun 2nd Earl Hereford, 1st Earl Essex and Matilda Lusignan

Gilbert Bohun was born to Humphrey Bohun 2nd Earl Hereford, 1st Earl Essex and Maud Avenbury

ANCESTRY

Father: Henry Bohun 1st Earl Hereford

GrandFather: Humphrey Bohun

1G GrandFather: Humphrey Bohun

2G GrandFather: Humphrey Bohun 2nd Baron Trowbridge

3G GrandFather: Humphrey "Bearded" Bohun

2G GrandMother: Maud Salisbury 2nd Baroness Trowbridge

3G GrandFather: Edward Salisbury 1st Baron Trowbridge, 1st Baron Chitterne

1G GrandMother: Margaret Gloucester

2G GrandFather: Miles Gloucester 1st Earl Hereford

3G GrandFather: Walter Gloucester

4G GrandFather: Roger Gloucester

4G GrandMother: Adeliza or Eunice Balun

3G GrandMother: Bertha Balun

4G GrandFather: Unknown Balun

2G GrandMother: Sibyl Neufmarché

3G GrandFather: Bernard Neufmarché

4G GrandFather: Geofrey "The Incompetent" Neufmarché

4G GrandMother: Ada II Heugleville

3G GrandMother: Agnes or Nest Fitzrichard

4G GrandFather: Osbern Fitzrichard 2nd Baron Burford

4G GrandMother: Nest verch Gruffydd Cadelling

GrandMother: Margaret Dunkeld

1G GrandFather: Henry Dunkeld 3rd Earl Huntingdon, 4th Earl Northumberland

2G GrandFather: David I King Scotland

3G GrandFather: Malcolm III King Scotland

4G GrandFather: Duncan "The Sick" I King Scotland

4G GrandMother: Bethóc Unknown

3G GrandMother: Margaret Wessex

4G GrandFather: Edward "The Exile" Wessex

4G GrandMother: Agatha Unknown

1G GrandMother: Ada Warenne

2G GrandFather: William Warenne 2nd Earl Surrey

3G GrandFather: William Warenne 1st Earl Surrey

4G GrandFather: Ralph Warenne

3G GrandMother: Gundred Unknown

2G GrandMother: Elizabeth Capet

3G GrandFather: Hugh "Great" Capet

4G GrandFather: Henry I King France

4G GrandMother: Anne Rurik

3G GrandMother: Adelaide Vermandois I Count Vermandois

4G GrandFather: Herbert Vermandois IV Count Vermandois

4G GrandMother: Adela Valois

Mother: Maud Mandeville