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England

Pre-Norman England

Anglo-Saxon Heptarchy

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England

Pre-Norman England

Anglo-Saxon Heptarchy

616 Battle of the River Idle

Described by Bede in his Historia Ecclesiastica of 731.

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England

Pre-Norman England

Anglo-Saxon Heptarchy

Battle of the River Idle

East Anglia

Raedwald King East Anglia [46]

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England

Pre-Norman England

Anglo-Saxon Heptarchy

Battle of the River Idle

Northumberland

Æthelfrith King Bernicia, King Deira killed

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England

Pre-Norman England

Anglo-Saxon Heptarchy

12 Oct 633 Battle of Hatfield Chase

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England

Pre-Norman England

Anglo-Saxon Heptarchy

Battle of Hatfield Chase

Gwynedd and Mercia

Penda King Mercia

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England

Pre-Norman England

Anglo-Saxon Heptarchy

Battle of Hatfield Chase

Northumbria

Edwin King Bernicia, King Deira [47] killed

Eadfrith Deira captured

Osfrith Deira killed

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England

Pre-Norman England

Anglo-Saxon Heptarchy

634 Battle of Heavenfield

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England

Pre-Norman England

Anglo-Saxon Heptarchy

Battle of Heavenfield

Northumbria

Osric King Deira killed

Oswald King Northumbria

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England

Pre-Norman England

Anglo-Saxon Heptarchy

Battle of Heavenfield

Gwynedd

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England

Pre-Norman England

Anglo-Saxon Heptarchy

05 Aug 642 Oswestry: Battle of Maserfield

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England

Pre-Norman England

Anglo-Saxon Heptarchy

Battle of Maserfield

Mercia and Powys

Eowa King Mercia killed

Penda King Mercia

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England

Pre-Norman England

Anglo-Saxon Heptarchy

Battle of Maserfield

Northumbria

Oswald King Northumbria killed

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England

Pre-Norman England

Anglo-Saxon Heptarchy

654 Battle of Strath Ethairt

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England

Pre-Norman England

Anglo-Saxon Heptarchy

Battle of Strath Ethairt

Picts

Taloran King Picts

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England

Pre-Norman England

Anglo-Saxon Heptarchy

Battle of Strath Ethairt

Dál Riata

Dúnchad mac Conaing King Dál Riata killed

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England

Pre-Norman England

Anglo-Saxon Heptarchy

Battle of Bulcamp

Anna King East Anglia killed

Jurmin Wuffingas killed

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England

Pre-Norman England

Anglo-Saxon Heptarchy

15 Nov 655 Cock Beck: Battle of the Winwaed

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England

Pre-Norman England

Anglo-Saxon Heptarchy

Battle of the Winwaed

Northumbria

Oswiu King Bernicia

Æthelwald King Deira withdrew his forces

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England

Pre-Norman England

Anglo-Saxon Heptarchy

Battle of the Winwaed

Mercia

Penda King Mercia killed

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England

Pre-Norman England

Anglo-Saxon Heptarchy

671 Battle of the Two Rivers

Source: Stephen of Ripon's Vita Sancti Wilfrithi.

A decisive victory of the Northumbrians extending their territory up to the Firth of Forth.

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England

Pre-Norman England

Anglo-Saxon Heptarchy

Battle of the Two Rivers

Northumbrians

Beornhæth Sub-King Northern Northumbria aka Lothian

Ecgfrith King Deira, King Northumbria

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England

Pre-Norman England

Anglo-Saxon Heptarchy

Battle of the Two Rivers

Picts

Drest VI King Picts

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England

Pre-Norman England

Anglo-Saxon Heptarchy

679 Lindsey: Battle of the Trent

A victory for the Mercians. Thereafter the Northumbrians lost their influence south of the Humber, permanently returning the Kingdom of Lindsey to the Mercians.

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England

Pre-Norman England

Anglo-Saxon Heptarchy

Battle of the Trent

Mercia

c 679 Æthelred King Mercia

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England

Pre-Norman England

Anglo-Saxon Heptarchy

Battle of the Trent

Northumbria

Ælfwine King Deira killed

Ecgfrith King Deira, King Northumbria

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England

Pre-Norman England

Anglo-Saxon Heptarchy

20 May 685 Dunnichen: Dun Nechtain

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England

Pre-Norman England

Anglo-Saxon Heptarchy

Dun Nechtain

Picts

Bridei III Picts [57]

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England

Pre-Norman England

Anglo-Saxon Heptarchy

Dun Nechtain

Northumbrians

Ecgfrith King Deira, King Northumbria killed

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England

Pre-Norman England

Anglo-Saxon Heptarchy

715 Adam's Grave: Second Battle of Woden's Barrow

Ine King Wessex

Ceolred King Mercia

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England

Pre-Norman England

Anglo-Saxon Heptarchy

Second Battle of Woden's Barrow

Wessex

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England

Pre-Norman England

Anglo-Saxon Heptarchy

Second Battle of Woden's Barrow

Unknown