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England

Angevins

Edward I

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England

Angevins

Edward I

19 Aug 1274 Westminster Abbey: Coronation Edward I

Edward "Longshanks" I King England [35] crowned I King England: Plantagenet Angevin

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England

Angevins

Edward I

Welsh Wars

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England

Angevins

Edward I

Welsh Wars

1277 Treaty of Aberconwy

Edward "Longshanks" I King England [38] signed

Llewellyn "Last" Aberffraw [44] signed

1277 Owain "The Red" Aberffraw [44] released at Dolbadarn Castle

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England

Angevins

Edward I

Welsh Wars

17 Jun 1282 Battle of Llandeilo Fawr

After Gilbert de Clare's sacking of Carreg Cennon Castle the Welsh ambushed him on the way to Dinefwr Castle resulting in a resounding victory for the Welsh.

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England

Angevins

Edward I

Welsh Wars

Battle of Llandeilo Fawr

England

Gilbert "Red Earl" Clare 6th Earl Hertford, 7th Earl Gloucester [39] commanded

William "The Younger" Valence killed

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England

Angevins

Edward I

Welsh Wars

12 Nov 1282 Menai Straits: Battle of Moel-y-don

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England

Angevins

Edward I

Welsh Wars

Battle of Moel-y-don

Wales

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England

Angevins

Edward I

Welsh Wars

Battle of Moel-y-don

England

Roger Clifford [39] drowned

William Burnell killed

Philip Burnell killed

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England

Angevins

Edward I

Welsh Wars

11 Dec 1282 Builth Wells: Battle of Orewin Bridge

At which the English decisively defeated the Welsh effectively ending the independence of Wales.

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England

Angevins

Edward I

Welsh Wars

Battle of Orewin Bridge

England

John Giffard 1st Baron Giffard Brimpsfield [50]

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England

Angevins

Edward I

Welsh Wars

Battle of Orewin Bridge

Wales

Llewellyn "Last" Aberffraw [49] killed

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England

Angevins

Edward I

Welsh Wars

1295 Battle of Maes Moydog

William Beauchamp 9th Earl Warwick [58]

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England

Angevins

Edward I

First War of Scottish Independence

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England

Angevins

Edward I

First War of Scottish Independence

Mar 1295 Berwick on Tweed: Siege of Berwick

The commencement of Edward's campaign against Scotland following the Scots raid on Carlisle.

Robert Clifford 1st Baron Clifford [21]

William "Hardy" Douglas 2nd Lord Douglas [55] commanded the garrison

Richard Cornwall [43] killed

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England

Angevins

Edward I

First War of Scottish Independence

27 Apr 1296 Battle of Dunbar

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England

Angevins

Edward I

First War of Scottish Independence

Battle of Dunbar

England

John Warenne 6th Earl Surrey [65]

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England

Angevins

Edward I

First War of Scottish Independence

Battle of Dunbar

Scotland

John "Empty Coat" I King Scotland [47]

John Strathbogie 9th Earl Atholl [30]

Simon Fraser captured

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England

Angevins

Edward I

First War of Scottish Independence

11 Sep 1297 Battle of Stirling Bridge

William "Hardy" Douglas 2nd Lord Douglas [57]

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England

Angevins

Edward I

First War of Scottish Independence

1298 York: Parliament

Simon Montagu 1st Baron Montagu [48] attended

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England

Angevins

Edward I

First War of Scottish Independence

22 Jul 1298 Battle of Falkirk

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England

Angevins

Edward I

First War of Scottish Independence

Battle of Falkirk

England

Edward "Longshanks" I King England [59]

John Capet II Duke Brittany [59]

Henry de Beaumont Beaumont 4th Earl Buchan [18]

Aymer Valence 2nd Earl Pembroke [23]

Henry Lacy 3rd Earl Lincoln, 4th Earl Salisbury [47]

Richard Fitzalan 8th Earl Arundel [32]

Hugh Courtenay 9th Earl Devon [22]

John Warenne 6th Earl Surrey [67]

Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl Leicester, 3rd Earl Lancaster [17]

Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl Leicester, 2nd Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, 4th Earl Lincoln [20]

Robert Vere 6th Earl Oxford [41]

Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March [11]

Hugh "Elder" Despencer 1st Earl Winchester [37]

Humphrey Bohun 3rd Earl Hereford, 2nd Earl Essex [49]

Roger Bigod 5th Earl Norfolk [53]

Guy Beauchamp 10th Earl Warwick [26]

John Wake 1st Baron Wake Liddell [30]

Henry Percy 1st Baron Percy [25]

Alan Zouche 1st Baron Zouche Ashby [31]

John Segrave 2nd Baron Segrave [42]

William Ros 1st Baron Ros Helmsley [43]

Simon Montagu 1st Baron Montagu [48]

John Mohun 1st Baron Mohun Dunster [29]

John Grey 2nd Baron Grey of Wilton [30]

Reginald Grey 1st Baron Grey of Wilton [58]

Henry Grey 1st Baron Grey of Codnor [43]

Maurice Berkeley 7th Baron Berkeley, 2nd Baron Berkeley [27]

Thomas Berkeley 6th Baron Berkeley, 1st Baron Berkeley [53]

William Ferrers 1st Baron Ferrers of Groby [26]

Robert Clifford 1st Baron Clifford [24]

Simon Fraser

Roger Fitzwalter

Robert Fitzroger

Philip Darcy

Nicholas Segrave [42]

Walter Beauchamp [55]

William Scrope knighted

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England

Angevins

Edward I

First War of Scottish Independence

Battle of Falkirk

Scotland

John Stewart of Bonkyll died

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England

Angevins

Edward I

First War of Scottish Independence

Jul 1300 Siege of Caerlaverock Castle

A short siege at the commencement of Edward I's campaign against the Scots. Made famous perhaps as a result of the Caerlaverock Roll that documented Edward's arm and their deeds.

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England

Angevins

Edward I

First War of Scottish Independence

Siege of Caerlaverock Castle

England

Jul 1300 Hugh Courtenay 9th Earl Devon [24] present at Caerlaverock

Jul 1300 Simon Montagu 1st Baron Montagu [50] at Caerlaverock

Jul 1300 John Mohun 1st Baron Mohun Dunster [31] at Caerlaverock

Jul 1300 Robert Clifford 1st Baron Clifford [26] at Caerlaverock

Jul 1300 Simon Fraser at Caerlaverock

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England

Angevins

Edward I

First War of Scottish Independence

b 09 Mar 1301 Baron's Letter to the Pope

A letter written, never sent, to the Pope, repudiating the Pope's claim to have feudal overlordship of Scotland, defending the rights of King Edward I. Two copies survive with seals intact forming the earliest contemporary group of true armorial bearings; the start of heraldry. Armorial bearing rather than coat of arms which is the garment on which the armorial bearing is embroidered.

Aymer Valence 2nd Earl Pembroke [26] sealed

Richard Fitzalan 8th Earl Arundel [35] sealed

John Warenne 6th Earl Surrey [70] sealed

Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl Leicester, 2nd Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, 4th Earl Lincoln [23] sealed

Humphrey Bohun 4th Earl Hereford, 3rd Earl Essex [25] sealed

Roger Bigod 5th Earl Norfolk [56] sealed

Guy Beauchamp 10th Earl Warwick [29] sealed

Ralph Monthermer 1st Baron Monthermer [31] sealed

John Moels 1st Baron Moels [32] signed

Robert Clifford 1st Baron Clifford [27] sealed

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England

Angevins

Edward I

First War of Scottish Independence

24 Feb 1303 Battle of Roslin

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England

Angevins

Edward I

First War of Scottish Independence

11 Jul 1302 Belgium: Battle of the Golden Spurs

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England

Angevins

Edward I

First War of Scottish Independence

Battle of the Golden Spurs

Flanders

Godfrey Reginar killed at Kortrijk

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England

Angevins

Edward I

First War of Scottish Independence

Battle of the Golden Spurs

Kortrijk: France

Robert Artois II Count Artois [52] killed

Raoul Clermont [57] killed

Raoul Nesle killed

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England

Angevins

Edward I

First War of Scottish Independence

Battle of the Golden Spurs

24 Feb 1303 Scotland

John Comyn 3rd Lord Baddenoch [34]

Simon Fraser

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England

Angevins

Edward I

First War of Scottish Independence

Battle of the Golden Spurs

England

John Segrave 2nd Baron Segrave [47] captured and subsequently rescued

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England

Angevins

Edward I

First War of Scottish Independence

May 1303 Ambush at Melrose Abbey

John Comyn 3rd Lord Baddenoch [34] attacked

Thomas Grey [23] wounded and captured

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England

Angevins

Edward I

First War of Scottish Independence

Feb 1304 Battle of Happrew

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England

Angevins

Edward I

First War of Scottish Independence

Battle of Happrew

Scotland

William Wallace

Simon Fraser

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England

Angevins

Edward I

First War of Scottish Independence

Battle of Happrew

England

Robert "The Bruce" I King Scotland [30]

John Segrave 2nd Baron Segrave [48] commanded

John Mohun 1st Baron Mohun Dunster [35]

William Latimer 2nd Baron Latimer of Corby [28]

Robert Clifford 1st Baron Clifford [30]

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England

Angevins

Edward I

First War of Scottish Independence

1304 Siege of Stirling Castle

Thomas Grey [24] under Henry de Beaumont Beaumont 4th Earl Buchan

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England

Angevins

Edward I

First War of Scottish Independence

10 Feb 1305 Greyfriars Monastery Chapel: Robert "The Bruce" murders John "Red Comyn"

Robert "The Bruce" I King Scotland [31] present

John Comyn 3rd Lord Baddenoch [36] murdered by Robert "The Bruce" I King Scotland

Christopher Seton [27] present

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England

Angevins

Edward I

First War of Scottish Independence

28 Feb 1305 Westminster Palace: Parliament

John Moels 1st Baron Moels [36] arrested William Montagu 2nd Baron Montagu

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England

Angevins

Edward I

First War of Scottish Independence

26 Mar 1306 Scone Abbey: Coronation of Robert the Bruce

Robert "The Bruce" I King Scotland [32] crowned I King Scotland: Bruce

Christopher Seton [28] present

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England

Angevins

Edward I

First War of Scottish Independence

19 Jun 1306 Battle of Methven

Aymer Valence 2nd Earl Pembroke was safely behind the walls of Perth when attacked by the recently crowned Robert "The Bruce" I King Scotland. Refusing the challenge Bruce retired to Methven. Early the next day, before dawn, Valence attacked Bruce's camp killing most of Bruce's army. Bruce escaped with a few followers to the safety of the Highlands.

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England

Angevins

Edward I

First War of Scottish Independence

Battle of Methven

England

Aymer Valence 2nd Earl Pembroke [31]

Robert Pierrepoint

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England

Angevins

Edward I

First War of Scottish Independence

Battle of Methven

Scotland

Robert "The Bruce" I King Scotland [32]

John Strathbogie 9th Earl Atholl [40] captured

Simon Fraser escaped

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England

Angevins

Edward I

First War of Scottish Independence

07 Jul 1307 Burgh by Sands: Death of Edward I

Edward "Longshanks" I King England [68] died