First War of the Wars of the Roses

First Battle of St Albans

First Battle of St Albans: York

On 22 May 1455 Edward Brooke 6th Baron Cobham fought at St Albans during the First Battle of St Albans: York

On 22 May 1455 Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury fought at St Albans during the First Battle of St Albans: York

On 22 May 1455 Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury fought at St Albans during the First Battle of St Albans: York

On 22 May 1455 Richard York 3rd Duke York fought at St Albans during the First Battle of St Albans: York

On 22 May 1455 Walter Strickland fought at St Albans during the First Battle of St Albans: York

First Battle of St Albans: Lancaster

On 22 May 1455 Thomas Clifford 8th Baron Clifford was killed at St Albans during the First Battle of St Albans: Lancaster

On 22 May 1455 Humphrey Stafford 1st Duke Buckingham was wounded and captured at St Albans during the First Battle of St Albans: Lancaster

On 22 May 1455 John Dudley 1st Baron Dudley was captured at St Albans during the First Battle of St Albans: Lancaster

On 22 May 1455 Edmund Dudley was captured at St Albans during the First Battle of St Albans: Lancaster

On 22 May 1455 Henry VI King England, II King France was captured at St Albans during the First Battle of St Albans: Lancaster

On 22 May 1455 Edmund Beaufort 2nd Duke Somerset was killed having taken refuge he eventually realised his fate and attempted to fight his way out; unsuccessfully. at Castle Inn during the First Battle of St Albans: Lancaster

On 22 May 1455 Henry Beaufort 3rd Duke Somerset was wounded at St Albans during the First Battle of St Albans: Lancaster

On 22 May 1455 Henry Percy 2nd Earl Northumberland was killed at St Albans during the First Battle of St Albans: Lancaster

On 22 May 1455 James Butler 1st Earl Wiltshire, 5th Earl Ormonde fought at St Albans during the First Battle of St Albans: Lancaster

On 22 May 1455 William Cotton was killed at St Albans during the First Battle of St Albans: Lancaster

On 22 May 1455 John Wenlock fought at St Albans during the First Battle of St Albans: Lancaster

Battle of Clyst Heath

Battle of Clyst Heath: Lancaster-Courtenay

On 15 Dec 1455 Thomas Courtenay 13th Earl Devon fought at Exeter during the Battle of Clyst Heath: Lancaster-Courtenay

Battle of Clyst Heath: York-Bonville

On 15 Dec 1455 William Bonville 1st Baron Bonville fought at Exeter during the Battle of Clyst Heath: York-Bonville

John Neville married Isabel Ingaldsthorpe

On 25 Apr 1457 Cardinal Thomas Bourchier presided at Canterbury Cathedral during the John Neville married Isabel Ingaldsthorpe

On 25 Apr 1457 John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu and Isabel Ingaldsthorpe were married at Canterbury Cathedral during the John Neville married Isabel Ingaldsthorpe

On 25 Apr 1457 Isabel Ingaldsthorpe attended at Canterbury Cathedral during the John Neville married Isabel Ingaldsthorpe

Loveday

On 24 Mar 1458 Cardinal Thomas Bourchier presided at Westminster Abbey during the Loveday. John "Butcher" Clifford 9th Baron Clifford, Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury, Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury, Henry Beaufort 3rd Duke Somerset, Richard York 3rd Duke York, Henry Percy 3rd Earl Northumberland, Thomas Percy 1st Baron Egremont and Margaret Valois-Anjou attended in an attempt to reconcile the Lancastrian and Yorkist factions.

Second War of the Wars of the Roses

Battle of Blore Heath

Battle of Blore Heath: York

On 23 Sep 1459 John Conyers fought at Market Drayton during the Battle of Blore Heath: York

On 23 Sep 1459 Thomas Harrington fought at Market Drayton during the Battle of Blore Heath: York

On 23 Sep 1459 James Harrington was captured at Market Drayton during the Battle of Blore Heath: York

On 23 Sep 1459 Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury fought at Market Drayton during the Battle of Blore Heath: York

On 23 Sep 1459 John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu fought at Market Drayton during the Battle of Blore Heath: York

On 23 Sep 1459 Thomas Neville fought at Market Drayton during the Battle of Blore Heath: York

On 23 Sep 1459 William Stanley fought at Market Drayton during the Battle of Blore Heath: York

On 23 Sep 1459 Roger Kynaston fought at Market Drayton during the Battle of Blore Heath: York

On 23 Sep 1459 John Savile fought at Market Drayton during the Battle of Blore Heath: York

On 23 Sep 1459 Walter Strickland fought at Market Drayton during the Battle of Blore Heath: York

On 23 Sep 1459 John Wenlock fought at Market Drayton during the Battle of Blore Heath: York

Battle of Blore Heath: Lancaster

On 23 Sep 1459 John Dutton was killed at Market Drayton during the Battle of Blore Heath: Lancaster

On 23 Sep 1459 Thomas Dutton was killed at Market Drayton during the Battle of Blore Heath: Lancaster

On 23 Sep 1459 Peter Dutton was killed at Market Drayton during the Battle of Blore Heath: Lancaster

On 23 Sep 1459 John Dudley 1st Baron Dudley was wounded and captured at Market Drayton during the Battle of Blore Heath: Lancaster

On 23 Sep 1459 Edmund Dudley was captured at Market Drayton during the Battle of Blore Heath: Lancaster

On 23 Sep 1459 James Tuchet 5th Baron Audley was killed by Roger Kynaston at Market Drayton during the Battle of Blore Heath: Lancaster

On 23 Sep 1459 Lionel Welles 6th Baron Welles fought at Market Drayton during the Battle of Blore Heath: Lancaster

Battle of Ludford Bridge

Battle of Ludford Bridge: Lancaster

On 12 Oct 1459 Humphrey Stafford 1st Duke Buckingham fought at Ludford Bridge during the Battle of Ludford Bridge: Lancaster

On 12 Oct 1459 Henry VI King England, II King France fought at Ludford Bridge during the Battle of Ludford Bridge: Lancaster

On 12 Oct 1459 William Fitzalan 16th Earl Arundel fought at Ludford Bridge during the Battle of Ludford Bridge: Lancaster

Battle of Ludford Bridge: York

On 12 Oct 1459 John Dinham 1st Baron Dinham escaped at Ludford Bridge during the Battle of Ludford Bridge: York

On 12 Oct 1459 Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury escaped at Ludford Bridge during the Battle of Ludford Bridge: York

On 12 Oct 1459 Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury escaped at Ludford Bridge during the Battle of Ludford Bridge: York

On 12 Oct 1459 Thomas Parr fought at Ludford Bridge during the Battle of Ludford Bridge: York

On 12 Oct 1459 Richard York 3rd Duke York escaped at Ludford Bridge during the Battle of Ludford Bridge: York

On 12 Oct 1459 Edward IV King England escaped at Ludford Bridge during the Battle of Ludford Bridge: York

On 12 Oct 1459 Edmund York 1st Earl Rutland escaped at Ludford Bridge during the Battle of Ludford Bridge: York

Parliament of the Devils

On 09 Oct 1459 John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu was attainted at Coventry during the Parliament of the Devils

On 09 Oct 1459 Thomas Tresham was appointed as Speaker of the House of Commons at Coventry during the Parliament of the Devils

Battle of Sandwich

On 15 Jan 1460 John Dinham 1st Baron Dinham commanded at Sandwich during the Battle of Sandwich

On 15 Jan 1460 Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury fought at Sandwich during the Battle of Sandwich

On 15 Jan 1460 Richard Woodville 1st Earl Rivers was captured at Sandwich during the Battle of Sandwich

On 15 Jan 1460 Anthony Woodville 2nd Earl Rivers was captured at Sandwich during the Battle of Sandwich

On 15 Jan 1460 Jacquetta Luxembourg was captured at Sandwich during the Battle of Sandwich

Third War of the Wars of the Roses

Yorkist Raid on Sandwich

After Jun 1460 Osbert Mumford was executed at Rysbank Tower during the Yorkist Raid on Sandwich

Before 26 Jun 1460 William Neville 1st Earl Kent commanded at Sandwich during the Yorkist Raid on Sandwich

Before 26 Jun 1460 Osbert Mumford was captured at Sandwich during the Yorkist Raid on Sandwich

Before 26 Jun 1460 John Wenlock commanded at Sandwich during the Yorkist Raid on Sandwich

Battle of Northampton

Battle of Northampton: York

On 10 Jul 1460 Edward Brooke 6th Baron Cobham fought at Northampton during the Battle of Northampton: York

On 10 Jul 1460 John Scrope 5th Baron Scrope Bolton fought at Northampton during the Battle of Northampton: York

On 10 Jul 1460 Edmund Grey 1st Earl Kent fought at Northampton during the Battle of Northampton: York

On 10 Jul 1460 Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury fought at Northampton during the Battle of Northampton: York

On 10 Jul 1460 George Neville Archbishop York was present at Northampton during the Battle of Northampton: York

On 10 Jul 1460 William Neville 1st Earl Kent fought at Northampton during the Battle of Northampton: York

On 10 Jul 1460 Edward IV King England fought at Northampton during the Battle of Northampton: York

On 10 Jul 1460 William Beaumont was knighted at Northampton during the Battle of Northampton: York

Battle of Northampton: Lancaster

On 10 Jul 1460 Thomas Holland was executed at Northampton during the Battle of Northampton: Lancaster

On 10 Jul 1460 William Norreys was knighted by Henry VI King England, II King France at Northampton during the Battle of Northampton: Lancaster

On 10 Jul 1460 Humphrey Stafford 1st Duke Buckingham was killed at Northampton during the Battle of Northampton: Lancaster

On 10 Jul 1460 John Talbot 2nd Earl Shrewsbury, 2nd Earl Waterford was killed at Northampton during the Battle of Northampton: Lancaster

On 10 Jul 1460 Thomas Tresham fought at Northampton during the Battle of Northampton: Lancaster

On 10 Jul 1460 Henry VI King England, II King France was captured at Northampton during the Battle of Northampton: Lancaster

On 10 Jul 1460 Thomas Percy 1st Baron Egremont was killed at Northampton during the Battle of Northampton: Lancaster

On 10 Jul 1460 John Beaumont was killed at Northampton during the Battle of Northampton: Lancaster

Capture of Roxburgh

Battle of Roxburgh: Scotland

On 03 Aug 1460 William Douglas fought at Roxburgh Castle during the Battle of Roxburgh: Scotland

Battle of Roxburgh: England

Richard of York claims the Kingdom of England

On 10 Oct 1460 Cardinal Thomas Bourchier witnessed at Westminster Hall during the Richard of York claims the Kingdom of England

On 10 Oct 1460 Richard York 3rd Duke York claimed the Kingdom of England. at Westminster Hall during the Richard of York claims the Kingdom of England

Battle of Wakefield

Battle of Wakefield: Lancaster

On 30 Dec 1460 John "Butcher" Clifford 9th Baron Clifford fought at Sandal Castle during the Battle of Wakefield: Lancaster

On 30 Dec 1460 Henry Holland 3rd Duke Exeter commanded at Sandal Castle during the Battle of Wakefield: Lancaster

On 30 Dec 1460 John Neville 1st Baron Neville Raby fought at Sandal Castle during the Battle of Wakefield: Lancaster

On 30 Dec 1460 Thomas Ros 9th Baron Ros Helmsley fought at Sandal Castle during the Battle of Wakefield: Lancaster

On 30 Dec 1460 Thomas St Leger fought at Sandal Castle during the Battle of Wakefield: Lancaster

On 30 Dec 1460 Henry Percy 3rd Earl Northumberland commanded the central battle at Sandal Castle during the Battle of Wakefield: Lancaster

On 30 Dec 1460 John Courtenay 15th Earl Devon was knighted at Sandal Castle during the Battle of Wakefield: Lancaster

On 30 Dec 1460 William Gascoigne was knighted by Henry Percy 3rd Earl Northumberland at Sandal Castle during the Battle of Wakefield: Lancaster

On 30 Dec 1460 James Butler 1st Earl Wiltshire, 5th Earl Ormonde fought at Sandal Castle during the Battle of Wakefield: Lancaster

Battle of Wakefield: York

On 30 Dec 1460 William Bonville was executed at Sandal Castle during the Battle of Wakefield: York

On 30 Dec 1460 William Bonville 6th Baron Harington was executed at Sandal Castle during the Battle of Wakefield: York

On 30 Dec 1460 Edward Bourchier died at Sandal Castle during the Battle of Wakefield: York

On 30 Dec 1460 Thomas Harrington was killed at Sandal Castle during the Battle of Wakefield: York

On 30 Dec 1460 Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury was beheaded by Thomas Holland at Sandal Castle during the Battle of Wakefield: York

On 30 Dec 1460 Thomas Neville was killed at Sandal Castle during the Battle of Wakefield: York

On 30 Dec 1460 Thomas Parr fought at Sandal Castle during the Battle of Wakefield: York

On 30 Dec 1460 Richard York 3rd Duke York was killed at Sandal Castle during the Battle of Wakefield: York

On 30 Dec 1460 Edmund York 1st Earl Rutland was murdered by John "Butcher" Clifford 9th Baron Clifford at Wakefield Bridge during the Battle of Wakefield: York

On 30 Dec 1460 Piers Legh was knighted at Sandal Castle during the Battle of Wakefield: York

Battle of Mortimer's Cross

Battle of Mortimer's Cross: York

On 02 Feb 1461 William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings fought at Mortimer's Cross during the Battle of Mortimer's Cross: York

On 02 Feb 1461 John Viii Savage fought at Wigmore during the Battle of Mortimer's Cross: York

On 02 Feb 1461 John Tuchet 6th Baron Audley, 3rd Baron Tuchet fought at Wigmore during the Battle of Mortimer's Cross: York

On 02 Feb 1461 Edward IV King England fought at Mortimer's Cross during the Battle of Mortimer's Cross: York

On 02 Feb 1461 Roger Vaughan fought at Wigmore during the Battle of Mortimer's Cross: York

On 02 Feb 1461 John Wenlock fought at Wigmore during the Battle of Mortimer's Cross: York

Battle of Mortimer's Cross: Lancaster

On 02 Feb 1461 James Butler 1st Earl Wiltshire, 5th Earl Ormonde fought at Mortimer's Cross during the Battle of Mortimer's Cross: Lancaster

On 02 Feb 1461 Gruffydd Ap Nicholas Deheubarth was killed at Wigmore during the Battle of Mortimer's Cross: Lancaster

On 02 Feb 1461 Owen Tudor was captured by Roger Vaughan at Mortimer's Cross during the Battle of Mortimer's Cross: Lancaster

On 02 Feb 1461 Jasper Tudor 1st Duke Bedford fought at Mortimer's Cross during the Battle of Mortimer's Cross: Lancaster

Second Battle of St Albans

On 17 Feb 1461 James Luttrell was killed at St Albans during the Second Battle of St Albans

Second Battle of St Albans: Lancaster

On 17 Feb 1460 John Talbot 3rd Earl Shrewsbury, 3rd Earl Waterford was knighted at St Albans during the Second Battle of St Albans: Lancaster

On 17 Feb 1461 Henry Grey 7th Baron Grey fought at St Albans during the Second Battle of St Albans: Lancaster

On 17 Feb 1461 John Grey was killed at St Albans during the Second Battle of St Albans: Lancaster

On 17 Feb 1461 Henry Holland 3rd Duke Exeter commanded at St Albans during the Second Battle of St Albans: Lancaster

On 17 Feb 1461 Thomas Ros 9th Baron Ros Helmsley was knighted by Edward Lancaster Prince Wales at St Albans during the Second Battle of St Albans: Lancaster

On 17 Feb 1461 William Tailboys de jure 7th Baron Kyme was knighted at St Albans during the Second Battle of St Albans: Lancaster

On 17 Feb 1461 Thomas Tresham fought and was knighted at St Albans during the Second Battle of St Albans: Lancaster

On 17 Feb 1461 Richard Welles 7th Baron Willoughby Eresby, 7th Baron Welles fought at St Albans during the Second Battle of St Albans: Lancaster

On 17 Feb 1461 Henry VI King England, II King France rescued at St Albans during the Second Battle of St Albans: Lancaster

On 17 Feb 1461 Henry Percy 3rd Earl Northumberland fought at St Albans during the Second Battle of St Albans: Lancaster

On 17 Feb 1461 John Mowbray 3rd Duke Norfolk fought at St Albans during the Second Battle of St Albans: Lancaster

Second Battle of St Albans: York

On 17 Feb 1461 Henry Bourchier 2nd Count Eu, 1st Earl Essex fought at St Albans during the Second Battle of St Albans: York

On 17 Feb 1461 Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury fought at St Albans during the Second Battle of St Albans: York

On 17 Feb 1461 John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu was captured at St Albans during the Second Battle of St Albans: York

On 17 Feb 1461 Robert Poynings was killed during the Second Battle of St Albans: York

On 17 Feb 1461 William Fitzalan 16th Earl Arundel fought at St Albans during the Second Battle of St Albans: York

On 17 Feb 1461 Thomas Kyriell was executed at St Albans during the Second Battle of St Albans: York

On 17 Feb 1461 John Wenlock fought at St Albans during the Second Battle of St Albans: York

On 18 Feb 1461 William Bonville 1st Baron Bonville was executed after having protected Henry VI King England, II King France during the battle Margaret Valois-Anjou reneged on his immunity and tried him and Thomas Kyriel in front of her seven year old son Prince Edward who ordered them top be beheaded. at St Albans during the Second Battle of St Albans: York

Proclamation of Edward IV as King

On 04 Mar 1461 William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings was present during the Proclamation of Edward IV as King

Battle of Ferrybridge

Battle of Ferrybridge Part 1

Battle of Ferrybridge Part 1: York

On 28 Mar 1461 Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury fought at Ferrybridge during the Battle of Ferrybridge Part 1: York

On 28 Mar 1461 John Radclyffe took the bridge at Ferrybridge during the Battle of Ferrybridge Part 1: York

Battle of Ferrybridge Part 1: Lancaster

Battle of Ferrybridge Part 2

Battle of Ferrybridge Part 2: Lancaster

On 28 Mar 1461 John "Butcher" Clifford 9th Baron Clifford fought at Ferrybridge during the Battle of Ferrybridge Part 2: Lancaster

On 28 Mar 1461 John Neville 1st Baron Neville Raby fought at Ferrybridge during the Battle of Ferrybridge Part 2: Lancaster

Battle of Ferrybridge Part 2: York

On 28 Mar 1461 Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury fought at Ferrybridge during the Battle of Ferrybridge Part 2: York

On 28 Mar 1461 John Radclyffe was killed at Ferrybridge during the Battle of Ferrybridge Part 2: York

Battle of Ferrybridge Part 3

Battle of Ferrybridge Part 3: York

Battle of Ferrybridge Part 3: Lancaster

On 28 Mar 1461 John "Butcher" Clifford 9th Baron Clifford fought at Ferrybridge during the Battle of Ferrybridge Part 3: Lancaster

Battle of Dintingdale

Battle of Dintingdale: York

On 28 Mar 1461 William Neville 1st Earl Kent fought at Ferrybridge during the Battle of Dintingdale: York

Battle of Dintingdale: Lancaster

On 28 Mar 1461 John "Butcher" Clifford 9th Baron Clifford was killed at Dintingdale during the Battle of Dintingdale: Lancaster

Battle of Towton

In 1461 Thomas Dethick was killed during the Battle of Towton

On 29 Mar 1461 Everard Simon Digby was killed at Towton during the Battle of Towton

Battle of Towton: York

On 29 Mar 1461 Walter Blount 1st Baron Mountjoy fought at Towton during the Battle of Towton: York

On 29 Mar 1461 Henry Bourchier 2nd Count Eu, 1st Earl Essex fought at Towton during the Battle of Towton: York

On 29 Mar 1461 John Scrope 5th Baron Scrope Bolton injured at Towton during the Battle of Towton: York

On 29 Mar 1461 William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings fought and knighted at Towton during the Battle of Towton: York

On 29 Mar 1461 Henry Holland 3rd Duke Exeter commanded at Towton during the Battle of Towton: York

On 29 Mar 1461 William Neville 1st Earl Kent fought at Towton during the Battle of Towton: York

On 29 Mar 1461 John Dudley 1st Baron Dudley fought at Towton during the Battle of Towton: York

On 29 Mar 1461 Edmund Dudley fought at Towton during the Battle of Towton: York

On 29 Mar 1461 Edward IV King England fought at Towton during the Battle of Towton: York

On 29 Mar 1461 John Mowbray 3rd Duke Norfolk fought at Towton during the Battle of Towton: York

On 29 Mar 1461 John Wenlock fought at Towton during the Battle of Towton: York

Battle of Towton: Lancaster

On 29 Mar 1461 Ralph Bigod was killed at Towton during the Battle of Towton: Lancaster

On 29 Mar 1461 John Bigod was killed at Towton during the Battle of Towton: Lancaster

On 29 Mar 1461 Robert Cromwell was killed at Towton during the Battle of Towton: Lancaster

On 29 Mar 1461 Ralph Dacre 1st Baron Dacre Gilsland was killed at Towton during the Battle of Towton: Lancaster

On 29 Mar 1461 Humphrey Dacre 1st Baron Dacre Gilsland fought at Towton during the Battle of Towton: Lancaster

On 29 Mar 1461 Ralph Eure was killed at Towton during the Battle of Towton: Lancaster

On 29 Mar 1461 Thomas Grey fought at Towton during the Battle of Towton: Lancaster

On 29 Mar 1461 Robert Hungerford 3rd Baron Hungerford fought at Towton during the Battle of Towton: Lancaster

On 29 Mar 1461 John Neville 1st Baron Neville Raby was killed at Towton during the Battle of Towton: Lancaster

On 29 Mar 1461 William Norreys fought at Towton during the Battle of Towton: Lancaster

On 29 Mar 1461 William Tailboys de jure 7th Baron Kyme fought and escaped at Towton during the Battle of Towton: Lancaster

On 29 Mar 1461 John Talbot 3rd Earl Shrewsbury, 3rd Earl Waterford fought at Towton during the Battle of Towton: Lancaster

On 29 Mar 1461 Thomas Tresham was captured and suffered a forfeiture at Towton during the Battle of Towton: Lancaster

On 29 Mar 1461 Lionel Welles 6th Baron Welles was killed at Towton during the Battle of Towton: Lancaster

On 29 Mar 1461 Richard Welles 7th Baron Willoughby Eresby, 7th Baron Welles fought at Towton during the Battle of Towton: Lancaster

On 29 Mar 1461 William Welles died at Towton during the Battle of Towton: Lancaster

On 29 Mar 1461 Richard Woodville 1st Earl Rivers fought at Towton during the Battle of Towton: Lancaster

On 29 Mar 1461 Henry Percy 3rd Earl Northumberland was killed at Towton during the Battle of Towton: Lancaster

On 29 Mar 1461 Richard Percy was killed at Towton during the Battle of Towton: Lancaster

On 29 Mar 1461 Thomas Courtenay 14th Earl Devon was captured at Towton during the Battle of Towton: Lancaster

On 29 Mar 1461 James Butler 1st Earl Wiltshire, 5th Earl Ormonde fought at Towton during the Battle of Towton: Lancaster

On 29 Mar 1461 John Butler 6th Earl Ormonde fought at Towton during the Battle of Towton: Lancaster

On 29 Mar 1461 Ralph Bigod was killed at Towton during the Battle of Towton: Lancaster

On 29 Mar 1461 William Beaumont was captured at Towton during the Battle of Towton: Lancaster

On 29 Mar 1461 John Beaumont was killed at Towton during the Battle of Towton: Lancaster

On 29 Mar 1461 John Morton was captured at Towton during the Battle of Towton: Lancaster

On 29 Mar 1461 William Plumpton was killed at Towton during the Battle of Towton: Lancaster

On 03 Apr 1461 Thomas Courtenay 14th Earl Devon was beheaded at York during the Battle of Towton: Lancaster