500-699 Britons and Anglo-Saxons
556 Battle of Beran Burg (Barbury Castle)
In 556 Cynric King Wessex and Ceawlin King Wessex defeated the Britons at Barbury Castle during the Battle of Beran Burg. Barbury Castle possibly of strategic importance since it is located on the Ridgeway with extensive views over the Thames valley.
568 Battle of Wibbandun
577 Battle of Dyrham
In 577 Ceawlin King Wessex and his son Cuthwine King Wessex (12) won a major victory over the Britons at the Battle of Dyrham Hinton Hill. The victory of resulted in the capture of Gloucester, Cirencester and Bath.
584 Battle of Fethan Leag (Stoke Lyne)
592 First Battle of Woden's Barrow (Adam's Grave)
597 Pope Gregory's First Mission to Christianise the Anglo-Saxons
604 Pope Gregory's Second Mission to Christianise the Anglo-Saxons
Before 604 Paulinius Italy Archbishop Canterbury arrived during the Pope Gregory's Second Mission to Christianise the Anglo-Saxons
616 Battle of the River Idle
In 616 Edwin King Bernicia, King Deira, King Northumbria (30) succeeded as King Northumbria following the Battle of the River Idle.
12 Oct 633 Battle of Hatfield Chase
634 Battle of Heavenfield
In 634 Oswald King Northumbria (30) won a decisive victory over the army of the Kingdom of Gwynedd at the Battle of Heavenfield which was fought at Heavenfield around six miles north of Hexham. St Oswald's Church is believed to mark the location where Oswald King Northumbria (30) raised his standard. The battle re-united Deira and Bernicia to form Northumbria and, according to Bede, restored Christianity to Northumbria.
Cadwallon Gwynedd was killed at the Battle of Heavenfield.
05 Aug 642 Battle of Maserfield (Oswestry)
On 05 Aug 641 (or 642 or 644 depending on the source) Penda King Mercia Mercian and Welsh army defeated the Northumbrian army at the Battle of Maserfield. The battle is believed to have taken place at Oswestry. Northumbria was once again separated into two kingdoms.
654 Battle of Strath Ethairt
In 654 Dúnchad mac Conaing King Dál Riata killed during the Battle of Strath Ethairt the location of which appears not to be known.
654 Battle of Bulcamp
15 Nov 655 Battle of the Winwaed (Cock Beck)
On 15 Nov 655 Aethelwald King Deira (13) , an ally of Penda King Mercia, withdrew his forces at Cock Beck during the Battle of the Winwaed, one of many Mercian allies to do so, weakening Penda King Mercia's army.
On 15 Nov 655 Oswiu King Bernicia (43) defeated the Mercian army (probably) at Cock Beck during the Battle of the Winwaed ending the period of Mercian dominance. The battle is believed to have ended Anglo-Saxon paganism.
671 Battle of the Two Rivers
In 671 Ecgfrith King Deira, King Northumbria (26) and BeornhAeth Sub-King Northern Northumbria aka Lothian defeated Drest VI King Picts at the Battle of the Two Rivers bringing to and end the Pictish rebellion. The location of the battle is not known. Stephen of Ripon described the account in his account of the battle from Vita Sancti Wilfrithi: He [Ecgfrith King Deira, King Northumbria (26) ] slew an enormous number of the people, filling two rivers with corpses, so that, marvellous to relate, the slayers, passing over the rivers dry foot, pursued and slew a crowd of fugitives.'
679 Battle of the Trent (Lindsey)