500-699 Britons and Anglo-Saxons

556 Battle of Beran Burg (Barbury Castle)

In 556 Cynric King Wessex and Ceawlin King Wessex defeated the Britons at Barbury Castle during the Battle of Beran Burg. Barbury Castle possibly of strategic importance since it is located on the Ridgeway with extensive views over the Thames valley.

568 Battle of Wibbandun

In 568 Ceawlin King Wessex and Cutha Wessex fought against Æthelberht King Kent (18) at the Battle of Wibbandun and drove him into Kent. The location of the battle is unknown.

577 Battle of Dyrham

In 577 Ceawlin King Wessex and his son Cuthwine King Wessex (12) won a major victory over the Britons at the Battle of Dyrham Hinton Hill. The victory of resulted in the capture of Gloucester, Cirencester and Bath.

In 577 Coinmail Unknown, Condidan Unknown and Farinmail Unknown were killed during the at Battle of Dyrham at Dyrham.

584 Battle of Fethan Leag (Stoke Lyne)

In 584 Ceawlin King Wessex and his son Cutha Wessex defeated the Britons at the Battle of Fethan Leag which was probably fought at Stoke Lyne.

592 First Battle of Woden's Barrow (Adam's Grave)

In 584 Ceawlin King Wessex was defeated, probably by the Britons, possibly by Ceol King Wessex at the First Battle of Woden's Barrow which fought at Adam's Grave.

597 Pope Gregory's First Mission to Christianise the Anglo-Saxons

604 Pope Gregory's Second Mission to Christianise the Anglo-Saxons

Before 604 Paulinius Italy Archbishop Canterbury arrived during the Pope Gregory's Second Mission to Christianise the Anglo-Saxons

616 Battle of the River Idle

In 616 Æthelfrith King Bernicia, King Deira (36) and Rægenhere Wuffingas were killed during the Battle of the River Idle.

In 616 Edwin King Bernicia, King Deira, King Northumbria (30) succeeded as King Northumbria following the Battle of the River Idle.

In 616 Raedwald King East Anglia (46) and his son Rægenhere Wuffingas fought at the Battle of the River Idle which took place at the River Idle which forms the western border of the Isle of Lindsey.

12 Oct 633 Battle of Hatfield Chase

On 12 Oct 633 Eadfrith Deira was captured during the Battle of Hatfield Chase.

On 12 Oct 633 Penda King Mercia's alliance of Gwynedd and Mercia defeated the Northumbrians at the Battle of Hatfield Chase at Hatfield Chase.

634 Battle of Heavenfield

In 634 Oswald King Northumbria (30) won a decisive victory over the army of the Kingdom of Gwynedd at the Battle of Heavenfield which was fought at Heavenfield around six miles north of Hexham. St Oswald's Church is believed to mark the location where Oswald King Northumbria (30) raised his standard. The battle re-united Deira and Bernicia to form Northumbria and, according to Bede, restored Christianity to Northumbria.

Cadwallon Gwynedd was killed at the Battle of Heavenfield.

05 Aug 642 Battle of Maserfield (Oswestry)

In 634 Osric King Deira killed at Heavenfield during the Battle of Maserfield.

In 641 Oswiu King Bernicia (29) succeeded as King Bernicia following the Battle of Maserfield.

On 05 Aug 641 (or 642) Oswald King Northumbria (37) killed during the Battle of Maserfield. His body was subsequently dismembered with his head and arms mounted on poles.

On 05 Aug 641 (or 642 or 644 depending on the source) Penda King Mercia Mercian and Welsh army defeated the Northumbrian army at the Battle of Maserfield. The battle is believed to have taken place at Oswestry. Northumbria was once again separated into two kingdoms.

On 05 Aug 642 Oswine King Deira succeeded as King Deira following the Battle of Maserfield.

On 05 Aug 642 Eowa King Mercia killed (probably) at the Battle of Maserfield.

654 Battle of Strath Ethairt

In 654 Taloran King Picts (38) defeated the army of Dál Riata at the Battle of Strath Ethairt.

In 654 Dúnchad mac Conaing King Dál Riata killed during the Battle of Strath Ethairt the location of which appears not to be known.

654 Battle of Bulcamp

In 654 Penda King Mercia defeated the East Anglian army at the Battle of Bulcamp at Bulcamp.

In 654 Anna King East Anglia and his son Jurmin Wuffingas were killed during the Battle of Bulcamp at Bulcamp.

15 Nov 655 Battle of the Winwaed (Cock Beck)

On 15 Nov 655 Æthelwald King Deira (13) , an ally of Penda King Mercia, withdrew his forces at Cock Beck during the Battle of the Winwaed, one of many Mercian allies to do so, weakening Penda King Mercia's army.

On 15 Nov 655 Oswiu King Bernicia (43) defeated the Mercian army (probably) at Cock Beck during the Battle of the Winwaed ending the period of Mercian dominance. The battle is believed to have ended Anglo-Saxon paganism.

On 15 Nov 655 Penda King Mercia and Aethelhere King East Anglia were killed at (probably) Cock Beck during the Battle of the Winwaed.

On 15 Nov 655 Aethelwold King East Anglia succeeded as King East Anglia after the death of his father at the Battle of the Winwaed.

671 Battle of the Two Rivers

In 671 Ecgfrith King Deira, King Northumbria (26) and Beornhæth Sub-King Northern Northumbria aka Lothian defeated Drest VI King Picts at the Battle of the Two Rivers bringing to and end the Pictish rebellion. The location of the battle is not known. Stephen of Ripon described the account in his account of the battle from Vita Sancti Wilfrithi: He [Ecgfrith King Deira, King Northumbria (26) ] slew an enormous number of the people, filling two rivers with corpses, so that, marvellous to relate, the slayers, passing over the rivers dry foot, pursued and slew a crowd of fugitives.'

679 Battle of the Trent (Lindsey)

Around 679 Æthelred King Mercia defeated at the Northumbrian army led by Ecgfrith King Deira, King Northumbria (34) at the Battle of the Trent at Lindsey.

Ælfwine King Deira killed during the Battle of the Trent.

20 May 685 Battle of Dun Nechtain (Dunnichen)

On 20 May 685 Bridei III Picts defeated the Northumbrian army at the Battle of Dun Nechtain. Ecgfrith King Deira, King Northumbria (40) killed at Dunnichen.