1270-1299-Welsh and Scottish Wars
16 Nov 1272 Death of Henry III (Westminster)
31 Mar 1272 Second Council of Lyons
In 1272 Thomas Cantilupe Bishop Hereford (54) attended the Second Council of Lyons
19 Aug 1274 Coronation Edward I (Westminster Abbey)
On 19 Aug 1274 Edward "Longshanks" I King England (35) was crowned I King England: Plantagenet Angevin at Westminster Abbey. Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England (33) was crowned as Queen Consort England [Coronation Edward I].
1277 Treaty of Aberconwy
In 1277 Edward "Longshanks" I King England (37) and Llewellyn "Last" Aberffraw (44) signed the Treaty of Aberconwy by which Llewellyn "Last" Aberffraw (44) agreed that Welsh self-rule would end with the death of Llewellyn "Last" Aberffraw (44) . As part of the Treaty Owain "The Red" Aberffraw (44) was released from Dolbadarn Castle.
17 Jun 1282 Battle of Llandeilo Fawr
On 17 Jun 1282 the army of Gilbert "Red Earl" Clare 7th Earl Gloucester, 6th Earl Hertford (38) were ambushed by the Welsh at Llandeilo. William "The Younger" Valence was killed. [Battle of Llandeilo Fawr]. Much of Gilbert "Red Earl" Clare 7th Earl Gloucester, 6th Earl Hertford (38) 's army of 1600 men was destroyed.
12 Nov 1282 Battle of Moel-y-don (Menai Straits)
On 12 Nov 1282 the English forces attempted to cross the Menai Straits to invade Gwynedd without waiting for the arrival of Edward's larger force. The battle was a rout. Roger Clifford (39) drowned. The brothers William Burnell and Philip Burnell were killed. [Battle of Moel-y-don].
11 Dec 1282 Battle of Orewin Bridge (Builth Wells)
On 11 Dec 1282 an English force including John Giffard 1st Baron Giffard Brimpsfield (50) defeated a Welsh force at Builth Wells during the Battle of Orewin Bridge. The Welsh leader Llewellyn "Last" Aberffraw (49) killed effectively bringing to an end the independence of Wales.
05 Mar 1295 Battle of Maes Moydog (Llanfair Caereinion)
On 05 Mar 1295 William Beauchamp 9th Earl Warwick (58) defeated the army of Madog ap Llywelyn during the Battle of Maes Moydog at Llanfair Caereinion. English losses were around 100 dead, Welsh around 700.
First War of Scottish Independence
Mar 1295 Capture of Berwick (Berwick on Tweed)
On 30 Mar 1296 Robert Clifford 1st Baron Clifford (21) captured Berwick on Tweed from William "Hardy" Douglas 2nd Lord Douglas (56) . Richard Cornwall (44) was killed during the course of the siege. 'When the town had been taken in this way and its citizens had submitted, Edward spared no one, whatever the age or sex, and for two days streams of blood flowed from the bodies of the slain, for in his tyrannous rage he ordered 7,500 souls of both sexes to be massacred..So that mills could be turned by the flow of their blood.' - Account of the Massacre of Berwick, from Bower’s Scotichronicon. [Capture of Berwick].
27 Apr 1296 Battle of Dunbar
On 27 Apr 1296 Battle of Dunbar was fought between John Warenne 6th Earl Surrey (65) and John "Empty Coat" I King Scotland (47) , his son in law. John Strathbogie 9th Earl Atholl (30) and John Comyn 3rd Earl Buchan were captured. The English routed the disorganised Scots in a single charge. Few died; many were captured. [Dunbar].
11 Sep 1297 Battle of Stirling Bridge
On 11 Sep 1297 the combined forces of Andrew Moray and William Wallace defeated the forces of John Warenne 6th Earl Surrey (66) near Stirling Bridge during the Battle of Stirling Bridge. After around half the English had crossed the narrow bridge the Scots attacked subjecting the English to a significant defeat.
1298 Edward I 43rd Parliament 1298 (York)
22 Jul 1298 Battle of Falkirk
On 22 Jul 1298 Edward "Longshanks" I King England (59) defeated the Scottish army led by William Wallace during the Battle of Falkirk at Falkirk using archers to firstly attack the Scottish shiltrons with the heavy cavalry and infantry completing the defeat. The English were described in the Falkirk Roll that lists 111 men with their armorials. The English army included: Guy Beauchamp 10th Earl Warwick (26) , Walter Beauchamp (55) , Roger Bigod 5th Earl Norfolk (53) , Humphrey Bohun 3rd Earl Hereford, 2nd Earl Essex (49) , Robert Clifford 1st Baron Clifford (24) , Hugh "Elder" Despencer 1st Earl Winchester (37) , William Ferrers 1st Baron Ferrers Groby (26) , Thomas Berkeley 6th Baron Berkeley (52) , Maurice Berkeley 7th Baron Berkeley (27) , Henry Grey 1st Baron Grey Codnor (43) , Reginald Grey 1st Baron Grey Wilton (58) , John Grey 2nd Baron Grey Wilton (30) , John Mohun 1st Baron Mohun Dunster (29) , Simon Montagu 1st Baron Montagu (48) , Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March (11) , William Ros 1st Baron Ros Helmsley (43) , John Segrave 2nd Baron Segrave (42) , Nicholas Segrave (42) , Robert Vere 6th Earl Oxford (41) , Alan Zouche 1st Baron Zouche Ashby (30) , Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl Leicester, 2nd Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, 4th Earl Lincoln (20) , Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl Leicester, 3rd Earl Lancaster (17) , John Warenne 6th Earl Surrey (67) , Henry Percy 1st Baron Percy (25) , Hugh Courtenay 9th Earl Devon (21) , Richard Fitzalan 8th Earl Arundel (31) , Henry Beaumont 4th Earl Buchan (18) , John Capet II Duke Brittany (59) , Philip Darcy, Robert Fitzroger, Roger Fitzwalter, Simon Fraser, Aymer Valence 2nd Earl Pembroke (23) , John Wake 1st Baron Wake Liddell (30) and Henry Lacy 3rd Earl Lincoln, 4th Earl Salisbury (47) . William Scrope (53) was knighted. Of the Scottish army John Stewart was killed. William Boyd 4th Earl Kilmarnock fought.