1130-1199 Anarchy and Crusades

22 Dec 1135 Coronation of Stephen (Westminster Abbey)

On 22 Dec 1135 Stephen I King England (41) was crowned I King England: Blois at Westminster Abbey [Coronation of Stephen]

22 Aug 1138 Battle of the Standard aka Northallerton) (Cowton Moor)

On 22 Aug 1138 William "Fat" Blois 1st Earl Albermarle aka Aumale, 1st Earl York (37) fought at Cowton Moor during the Battle of the Standard aka Northallerton). William "The Younger" Peverell and Robert III Stuteville commanded the English forces. David I King Scotland (54) and his son Henry Dunkeld 3rd Earl Huntingdon, Earl Northumberland (24) fought on the Scottish side. The name of the battle is derived from the Standards (banners) of the Bishops of Durham, York, Beverly and Ripon which were flown from a mast mounted on a cart. A victory for the English.

1142 Massacre at Vitry-le-François

In 1142 the forces of Louis VII King Franks seized Vitry-le-François. Over 1000 residents were killed when the church in which they had sought protection was set on fire. [Massacre at Vitry-le-François]

02 Feb 1141 First Battle of Lincoln

On 02 Feb 1141 the army of Empress Matilda (38) commanded by Robert Normandy 1st Earl Gloucester (41) defeated the army of Stephen I King England (47) . Matilda's army included Ranulf Gernon 4th Earl Chester (42) and Madog ap Maredudd Mathrafal Prince Powys. Stephen I King England (47) , Gilbert Gaunt 1st Earl Lincoln, William "The Younger" Peverell and Ilbert Lacy 3rd Baron Lacy were captured. William "Fat" Blois 1st Earl Albermarle aka Aumale, 1st Earl York (40) fought for Stephen, his cousin. [First Battle of Lincoln]

11 Mar 1152 Louis and Eleanor's Marriage Dissolved (Beaugency)

On 11 Mar 1152 the marriage of Louis VII King Franks and Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort France, Queen Consort England was dissolved by Hugh Toucy Archbishop Sens in Beaugency on the grounds of consanguinity. Both Louis and Eleanor were present as were the Archbishops of Rouen and Bordeaux. Samson Unknown Archbishop Reims acted on behalf of Eleanor. In dissolving the marriage Louis lost control of the Duchy of Aquitaine which was to have far reaching consequences for the next three centuries. [Louis and Eleanor's Marriage Dissolved]

21 Mar 1152 Theobald of Blois attempts to abduct Eleanor of Aquitaine

On 21 Mar 1152 Theobald "Good" Blois V Count Blois (22) attempted to abduct Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort France, Queen Consort England from Blois who fled in the middle of the night taking a barge to Tours. [Theobald of Blois attempts to abduct Eleanor of Aquitaine]

Around 26 Mar 1152 Geoffrey of Anjou attempts to abduct Eleanor of Aquitaine

Around 26 Mar 1152 Geoffrey Plantagenet Count Nantes (17) attempted to abduct Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort France, Queen Consort England from Port de Piles where she intended to cross the River Creuse. Once again Eleanor escaped. [Geoffrey of Anjou attempts to abduct Eleanor of Aquitaine]

18 May 1152 Marriage of Henry I and Eleanor of Aquitaine (Poitiers Cathedral)

On 18 May 1152 Whit Sunday Henry "Curtmantle" II King England (19) and Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort France, Queen Consort England were married at Poitiers Cathedral. They were more closely related than Eleanor and her previous husband Louis. The marriage brought the Kingdom of England, the Duchies of Normandy and Aquitaine under the control of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England (19) ; once conquered. [Marriage of Henry I and Eleanor of Aquitaine]

Before Jan 1153 Henry II visits his mother in Rouen

Before Jan 1153 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England visited his mother Empress Matilda in Rouen to seek funds for his impending invasion of England. [Henry II visits his mother in Rouen]

Jan 1153 Henry II Sails to England (Barfleur)

In Jan 1153 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England (19) sailed from Barfleur to England, arriving the next day, with a fleet of twenty-six ships, and an army, to bring Stephen I King England (59) submit to Henry's authority. [Henry II Sails to England]

Jul 1153 Henry II Relieves Wallingford Castle

In Jul 1153 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England (20) arrived at Wallingford Castle to relieve the siege that Stephen I King England (59) had commenced in 1152. [Henry II Relieves Wallingford Castle]

17 Aug 1153 Eustace of Blois Dies

On 17 Aug 1153 Eustace Blois IV Count Boulogne (23) died at Bury St Edmunds. Probably from food poisoning, possibly murdered for having sacked the Abbey. [Eustace of Blois Dies]

After 17 Aug 1153 Treaty of Wallingford aka Winchester aka Westminster

Around Aug 1153 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England (20) and Stephen I King England (59) agreed the Treaty of Wallingford aka Winchester aka Westminster by which Henry "Curtmantle" II King England (20) would inherit the throne on the death of Stephen I King England (59) . The Treaty was ratified by Theobald of Bec Archbishop Canterbury at Westminster in Christmas 1153.

Around Mar 1154 Henry Holds Easter at Rouen

Around Mar 1154 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England (20) returned to Rouen and met with his mother Empress Matilda (52) , and his brothers. Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort France, Queen Consort England joined them to celebrate Easter with their first son William Plantagenet IX Count Poitiers who met his father for the first time aged around eight months. [Henry Holds Easter at Rouen]

Around Sep 1154 Louis VII marries Constance of Castile

In 1154 Louis VII King Franks and Constance Ivrea were married in Orleans. Somewhat curiously they were more closely related than Louis VII King Franks and Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort France, Queen Consort England whose married had been annulled for that reason. [Louis VII marries Constance of Castile]

25 Oct 1154 Death of King Stephen (Dover Priory)

On 25 Oct 1154 Stephen I King England (60) died at Dover Priory. [Death of King Stephen]

07 Dec 1154 Henry II Leaves Barfleur

On 07 Dec 1154 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England (21) , the seven months pregnant Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort France, Queen Consort England and their son William Plantagenet IX Count Poitiers (1) left Barfleur for England. [Henry II Leaves Barfleur]

08 Dec 1154 Henry II Lands Southampton

On 08 Dec 1154 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England (21) and his party landed near Southampton. [Henry II Lands Southampton]

19 Dec 1154 Coronation of Henry and Eleanor (Westminster Abbey)

On 19 Dec 1154 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England (21) was crowned II King England: Plantagenet Angevin at Westminster Abbey. Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort France, Queen Consort England was crowned Queen Consort England. Theobald of Bec Archbishop Canterbury presided. [Coronation of Henry and Eleanor]

10 Jan 1156 Henry II travels to Normandy (Dover)

On 10 Jan 1156 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England (22) crossed from Dover to Wissant. Richard "The Loyal" Lucy was appointed Regent in Henry's absence. Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort France, Queen Consort England was placed in the care of Theobald of Bec Archbishop Canterbury and John of Salisbury Bishop Chartres. Her party included her sister Petronilla Poitiers [Henry II travels to Normandy]

05 Feb 1156 Henry II pays homage to Louis VII

On 05 Feb 1156 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England (22) paid homage to Louis VII King Franks for his lands in Normandy, Anjou and Aquitaine. [Henry II pays homage to Louis VII]

Before 29 Aug 1156 Henry II and Eleanor of Aquitaine Reunited (Saumur)

Before 29 Aug 1156 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England and Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort France, Queen Consort England were reunited in Saumur. [Henry II and Eleanor of Aquitaine Reunited]

13 Nov 1160 Louis VII marries Adela of Blois

On 13 Nov 1160 Louis VII King Franks and Adèle Blois were married a month or so after his second wife had died in childbirth; Louis needed an heir. [Louis VII marries Adela of Blois]

Oct 1161 Henry II and Louis II make Peace (Fréteval)

In Oct 1161 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England (28) and Louis VII King Franks met at Fréteval and made peace. [Henry II and Louis II make Peace]

24 May 1162 Thomas a Becket appointed Archbishop Canterbury

25 Jan 1164 Constitutions of Clarendon (Clarendon Palace)

On 25 Jan 1164 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England (30) attempted to constrain ecclesiastical privileges by the sixteen articles of the Constitutions of Clarendon. Thomas Beckett Archbishop Canterbury rejected the articles.

Oct 1164 Trial of Thomas a Becket

In Oct 1164 Thomas Beckett Archbishop Canterbury was put on trial in Northampton by Henry "Curtmantle" II King England (31) on a charge of contempt. After a week of discussion Becket fled to Flanders with John of Salisbury Bishop Chartres. [Trial of Thomas a Becket]

26 Dec 1164 Becket's Relatives Banished

In 26 Dec 1164 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England (31) banished all of Thomas Beckett Archbishop Canterbury's relatives from England. Around 400 people were affected. They were stripped of their possessions and shipped to Flanders. [Becket's Relatives Banished]

Around Aug 1165 Henry II meets Rosamund Clifford (Bredelais)

Around Aug 1165 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England (32) commenced his affair with Rosamund Clifford (29) who he may have first met when staying at her father Rosamund Clifford (29) 's house in Bredelais (assumed to be in Herefordshire). [Henry II meets Rosamund Clifford]

Around Mar 1168 Eleanor Ambushed by Guy de Lusignan

On 27 Mar 1168 Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort France, Queen Consort England and her party were ambushed by brothers Guy I King Jerusalem and Geoffrey Lusignan. Patrick Salisbury 1st Earl Salisbury (46) was killed. William Marshal (22) held off the enemy, was wounded and captured whilst Eleanor escaped. Eleanor subsequently paid his ransom. [Eleanor Ambushed by Guy de Lusignan]

29 Dec 1170 Murder of Thomas a Becket (Canterbury Cathedral)

On 29 Dec 1170 Thomas Beckett Archbishop Canterbury was murdered at Canterbury Cathedral by four knights on behalf of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England (37) . [Murder of Thomas a Becket]

c 25 Dec 1175 Abergavenny Massacre (Abergavenny Castle)

Around 25 Dec 1175, Christmas, William Braose 4th Baron Bramber (31) invited the local Welsh nobles to his Christmas court at Abergavenny Castle as an act of reconciliation. Seisyll ap Dyfnwal Gwent and his elder son Geoffrey Gwent were murdered. William Braose 4th Baron Bramber (31) and his men then rode to Seisyll ap Dyfnwal Gwent's home. There his younger son Cadwalladr Gwent was murdered and his wife captured. [Abergavenny Massacre].

13 Jul 1174 Battle of Alnwick

On 11 Jul 1174 a small army commanded by Ranulf Glanville with Hugh de Kevelioc Gernon 5th Earl Chester (27) surprised William "Lion" I King Scotland (31) 's army in a dawn raid known as the Battle of Alnwick near Alnwick. William "Lion" I King Scotland (31) was captured and imprisoned initially in Newcastle on Tyne Castle. He was subsequently moved to the more remote, and secure, Falaise Castle.

Dec 1174 Treaty of Falaise (Falaise Castle)

In Dec 1174 William "Lion" I King Scotland (31) , imprisoned at Falaise Castle, signed the Treaty of Falaise by which he agreed Henry "Curtmantle" II King England (41) was overlord of Scotland.

06 Jul 1189 Death of Henry II (Chinon Castle)

On 06 Jul 1189 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England (56) died at Chinon Castle. Geoffrey Mandeville 3rd Earl Essex, Count Aumale was present. [Death of Henry II].

03 Sep 1189 Coronation of Richard I (Westminster Abbey)

On 03 Sep 1189 Richard "Lionheart" I King England (31) was crowned I King England: Plantagenet Angevin by Baldwin Archbishop Canterbury at Westminster Abbey. Geoffrey Mandeville 3rd Earl Essex, Count Aumale carried the Crown. The Coronation of Richard I was marred by violence against London's Jewish population. Prior to his Coronation Richard had issued a proclamation forbidding Jews to attend. When some did a riot broke out, which spread.

07 Mar 1190 Massacre of the Jews at Stamford

On 07 Mar 1190 at Stamford during the Easter Fair a significant number of the Jewish population were murdered. [Massacre of the Jews at Stamford]

17 Mar 1190 Massacre of the Jews at York

On 17 Mar 1190 at York the Jewish population sought protection from violence in Clifford's Tower. The tower was besieged by the mob of crusaders preparing to leave on the Third Crusade. The Jewish men killed their wives and children, after which they set fire to the wooden keep. Those who did escape were murdered. [Massacre of the Jews at York]

18 Mar 1190 Massacre of the Jews at Bury St Edmunds

On 18 Mar 1190 at Bury St Edmunds fifty-seven of the Jewish population were murdered. [Massacre of the Jews at Bury St Edmunds]

04 Oct 1190 Richard I Takes Messina

On 04 Oct 1190 Richard "Lionheart" I King England (33) attacked and captured Messina. [Richard I Takes Messina]

01 May 1191 Richard I arrives Limasol (Lemesos)

On 04 Oct 1191 Richard "Lionheart" I King England (34) arrived in Lemesos where he met with Guy I King Jerusalem. [Richard I arrives Limasol]

12 May 1191 Wedding of King Richard I and Berengaria of Navarre (Chapel of St George)

On 12 May 1191 Richard "Lionheart" I King England (33) and Berengaria Ramirez Queen Consort England were married at Chapel of St George. Richard's sister Joan Plantagenet Queen Consort Sicily (25) was present [Wedding of King Richard I and Berengaria of Navarre].

08 Jun 1191 Richard I Lands at Acre

On 08 Jun 1191 Richard "Lionheart" I King England (33) landed at Acre. [Richard I Lands at Acre]

After 08 Jun 1191 Siege of Acre

Death of Richard I

On 06 Apr 1199 Richard "Lionheart" I King England (41) was besieging Châlus-Chabrol Castle. During the course of the evening Richard "Lionheart" I King England (41) was shot by a crossbow. The wound quickly became gangrenous; Richard died in the arms of his mother Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort France, Queen Consort England [Death of Richard I].

27 May 1199 Coronation of King John (Westminster Abbey)

On 27 May 1199 John "Lackland" I King England (32) was crowned I King England: Plantagenet Angevin by Hubert Archbishop Canterbury at Westminster Abbey [Coronation of King John].