500-699 Britons and Anglo-Saxons
556 Battle of Beran Burg (Barbury Castle, Wroughton, Wiltshire)
In 556 Cynric King Wessex and Ceawlin King Wessex -592 defeated the Britons at Barbury Castle, Wroughton, Wiltshire during the Battle of Beran Burg. Barbury Castle, Wroughton, Wiltshire possibly of strategic importance since it is located on the Ridgeway with extensive views over the Thames valley.
568 Battle of Wibbandun
577 Battle of Dyrham (Dyrham, Gloucestershire)
In 577 Ceawlin King Wessex -592 and his son Cuthwine King Wessex 565- (12) won a major victory over the Britons at the Battle of Dyrham Hinton Hill, Dyrham, Gloucestershire. The victory of resulted in the capture of Gloucester, Gloucestershire, Cirencester, Gloucestershire and Bath, Somerset.
584 Battle of Fethan Leag (Stoke Lyne, Oxfordshire)
592 First Battle of Woden's Barrow (Adam's Grave, Pewsey, Wiltshire)
597 Pope Gregory's First Mission to Christianise the Anglo-Saxons
604 Pope Gregory's Second Mission to Christianise the Anglo-Saxons
Before 604 Paulinius Italy Archbishop Canterbury -644 arrived during the Pope Gregory's Second Mission to Christianise the Anglo-Saxons
616 Battle of the River Idle (River Idle, Markham Moor, Retford, Nottinghamshire)
In 616 Aethelfrith King Bernicia, King Deira 579-616 (36) and RAegenhere Wuffingas -616 were killed during the Battle of the River Idle.
In 616 Raedwald King East Anglia 570-624 (46) and his son RAegenhere Wuffingas -616 fought at the Battle of the River Idle which took place at the River Idle, Markham Moor, Retford, Nottinghamshire which forms the western border of the Isle of Lindsey, Lincolnshire.
12 Oct 633 Battle of Hatfield Chase (Hatfield Chase, Essex)
On 12 Oct 633 Eadfrith Deira was captured during the Battle of Hatfield Chase.
634 Battle of Heavenfield (Heavenfield, Hexham, Northumberland)
In 634 Oswald King Northumbria 604-641 (30) won a decisive victory over the army of the Kingdom of Gwynedd at the Battle of Heavenfield which was fought at Heavenfield, Hexham, Northumberland around six miles north of Hexham, Northumberland. St Oswald's Church, Heavenfield, Hexham, Northumberland is believed to mark the location where Oswald King Northumbria 604-641 (30) raised his standard. The battle re-united Deira and Bernicia to form Northumbria and, according to Bede, restored Christianity to Northumbria.
Cadwallon Gwynedd was killed at the Battle of Heavenfield.
05 Aug 642 Battle of Maserfield (Oswestry, Shropshire)
On 05 Aug 641 (or 642 or 644 depending on the source) Penda King Mercia -655 Mercian and Welsh army defeated the Northumbrian army at the Battle of Maserfield. The battle is believed to have taken place at Oswestry, Shropshire. Northumbria was once again separated into two kingdoms.
On 05 Aug 642 Eowa King Mercia -642 killed (probably) at the Battle of Maserfield.
654 Battle of Strath Ethairt
In 654 Dúnchad mac Conaing King Dál Riata -654 killed during the Battle of Strath Ethairt the location of which appears not to be known.
654 Battle of Bulcamp (Bulcamp, Blythburgh, Suffolk)
15 Nov 655 Battle of the Winwaed (Cock Beck, Yorkshire)
On 15 Nov 655 Aethelwald King Deira 642- (13) , an ally of Penda King Mercia -655, withdrew his forces at Cock Beck, Yorkshire during the Battle of the Winwaed, one of many Mercian allies to do so, weakening Penda King Mercia -655's army.
On 15 Nov 655 Oswiu King Bernicia 612-670 (43) defeated the Mercian army (probably) at Cock Beck, Yorkshire during the Battle of the Winwaed ending the period of Mercian dominance. The battle is believed to have ended Anglo-Saxon paganism.
671 Battle of the Two Rivers
In 671 Ecgfrith King Deira, King Northumbria 645-685 (26) and BeornhAeth Sub-King Northern Northumbria aka Lothian -685 defeated Drest VI King Picts -677 at the Battle of the Two Rivers bringing to and end the Pictish rebellion. The location of the battle is not known. Stephen of Ripon described the account in his account of the battle from Vita Sancti Wilfrithi: He slew an enormous number of the people, filling two rivers with corpses, so that, marvellous to relate, the slayers, passing over the rivers dry foot, pursued and slew a crowd of fugitives.'
679 Battle of the Trent (Lindsey, Lincolnshire)
Around 679 Aethelred King Mercia -704 defeated at the Northumbrian army led by Ecgfrith King Deira, King Northumbria 645-685 (34) at the Battle of the Trent at Lindsey, Lincolnshire.
20 May 685 Battle of Dun Nechtain (Dunnichen, Angus)
On 20 May 685 Bridei III Picts 627-693 (57) defeated the Northumbrian army at the Battle of Dun Nechtain. Ecgfrith King Deira, King Northumbria 645-685 (40) killed at Dunnichen, Angus.