1270-1299-Welsh and Scottish Wars
16 Nov 1272 Death of Henry III (Westminster)
31 Mar 1272 Second Council of Lyons (Lyon, France)
19 Aug 1274 Coronation Edward I (Westminster Abbey, Westminster)
On 19 Aug 1274 Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 (35) was crowned I King England: Plantagenet Angevin at Westminster Abbey, Westminster. Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England 1241-1290 (33) was crowned as Queen Consort England .
1277 Treaty of Aberconwy (Aberconwy, Carnarvonshire, North-West Wales)
In 1277 Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 (37) and Llewellyn "Last" Aberffraw 1233-1282 (44) signed the Treaty of Aberconwy by which Llewellyn "Last" Aberffraw 1233-1282 (44) agreed that Welsh self-rule would end with the death of Llewellyn "Last" Aberffraw 1233-1282 (44) . As part of the Treaty Owain "The Red" Aberffraw 1232-1282 (44) was released from Dolbadarn Castle, Dolbadarn, Carnarvonshire, North-West Wales.
17 Jun 1282 Battle of Llandeilo Fawr (Llandeilo, Camarthenshire, South West Wales)
On 17 Jun 1282 the army of Gilbert "Red Earl" Clare 7th Earl Gloucester, 6th Earl Hertford 1243-1295 (38) were ambushed by the Welsh at Llandeilo, Camarthenshire, South West Wales. William "The Younger" Valence -1282 was killed. . Much of Gilbert "Red Earl" Clare 7th Earl Gloucester, 6th Earl Hertford 1243-1295 (38) 's army of 1600 men was destroyed.
12 Nov 1282 Battle of Moel-y-don (Menai Straits, Anglesey, North-West Wales)
On 12 Nov 1282 the English forces attempted to cross the Menai Straits to invade Gwynedd without waiting for the arrival of Edward's larger force. The battle was a rout. Roger Clifford 1243-1282 (39) drowned. The brothers William Burnell -1282 and Philip Burnell -1282 were killed. .
11 Dec 1282 Battle of Orewin Bridge (Builth Wells, Radnorshire, Welsh March)
On 11 Dec 1282 an English force including John Giffard 1st Baron Giffard Brimpsfield 1232-1299 (50) defeated a Welsh force at Builth Wells, Radnorshire, Welsh March during the Battle of Orewin Bridge. The Welsh leader Llewellyn "Last" Aberffraw 1233-1282 (49) killed effectively bringing to an end the independence of Wales.
05 Mar 1295 Battle of Maes Moydog (Llanfair Caereinion, Radnorshire, Welsh March)
On 05 Mar 1295 William Beauchamp 9th Earl Warwick 1237-1298 (58) defeated the army of Madog ap Llywelyn during the Battle of Maes Moydog at Llanfair Caereinion, Radnorshire, Welsh March. English losses were around 100 dead, Welsh around 700.
First War of Scottish Independence
Mar 1295 Capture of Berwick (Berwick on Tweed, Northumberland)
On 30 Mar 1296 Robert Clifford 1st Baron Clifford 1274-1314 (21) captured Berwick on Tweed, Northumberland from William "Hardy" Douglas 2nd Lord Douglas 1240-1298 (56) . Richard Cornwall 1252-1296 (44) was killed during the course of the siege. 'When the town had been taken in this way and its citizens had submitted, Edward spared no one, whatever the age or sex, and for two days streams of blood flowed from the bodies of the slain, for in his tyrannous rage he ordered 7,500 souls of both sexes to be massacred..So that mills could be turned by the flow of their blood.' - Account of the Massacre of Berwick, from Bower’s Scotichronicon. .
27 Apr 1296 Battle of Dunbar
On 27 Apr 1296 Battle of Dunbar was fought between John Warenne 6th Earl Surrey 1231-1304 (65) and John "Empty Coat" I King Scotland 1249-1314 (47) , his son in law. John Strathbogie 9th Earl Atholl 1266-1306 (30) and John Comyn 3rd Earl Buchan -1308 were captured. The English routed the disorganised Scots in a single charge. Few died; many were captured. .
11 Sep 1297 Battle of Stirling Bridge (Stirling Bridge, Stirling)
On 11 Sep 1297 the combined forces of Andrew Moray and William Wallace defeated the forces of John Warenne 6th Earl Surrey 1231-1304 (66) near Stirling Bridge, Stirling during the Battle of Stirling Bridge. After around half the English had crossed the narrow bridge the Scots attacked subjecting the English to a significant defeat.
1298 Edward I 43rd Parliament 1298 (York, Yorkshire)
22 Jul 1298 Battle of Falkirk
On 22 Jul 1298 Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 (59) defeated the Scottish army led by William Wallace during the Battle of Falkirk at Falkirk using archers to firstly attack the Scottish shiltrons with the heavy cavalry and infantry completing the defeat. The English were described in the Falkirk Roll that lists 111 men with their armorials. The English army included: Guy Beauchamp 10th Earl Warwick 1272-1315 (26) , Walter Beauchamp 1243-1303 (55) , Roger Bigod 5th Earl Norfolk 1245-1306 (53) , Humphrey Bohun 3rd Earl Hereford, 2nd Earl Essex 1249-1298 (49) , Robert Clifford 1st Baron Clifford 1274-1314 (24) , Hugh "Elder" Despencer 1st Earl Winchester 1261-1326 (37) , William Ferrers 1st Baron Ferrers Groby 1272-1325 (26) , Thomas Berkeley 6th Baron Berkeley 1245-1321 (52) , Maurice Berkeley 7th Baron Berkeley 1271-1326 (27) , Henry Grey 1st Baron Grey Codnor 1255-1308 (43) , Reginald Grey 1st Baron Grey Wilton 1240-1308 (58) , John Grey 2nd Baron Grey Wilton 1268-1323 (30) , John Mohun 1st Baron Mohun Dunster 1269-1330 (29) , Simon Montagu 1st Baron Montagu 1250-1316 (48) , Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March 1287-1330 (11) , William Ros 1st Baron Ros Helmsley 1255-1316 (43) , John Segrave 2nd Baron Segrave 1256-1325 (42) , Nicholas Segrave 1256-1321 (42) , Robert Vere 6th Earl Oxford 1257-1331 (41) , Alan Zouche 1st Baron Zouche Ashby 1267-1314 (30) , Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl Leicester, 2nd Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, 4th Earl Lincoln 1278-1322 (20) , Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl Leicester, 3rd Earl Lancaster 1281-1345 (17) , John Warenne 6th Earl Surrey 1231-1304 (67) , Henry Percy 1st Baron Percy 1273-1314 (25) , Hugh Courtenay 9th Earl Devon 1276-1340 (21) , Richard Fitzalan 8th Earl Arundel 1267-1302 (31) , Henry Beaumont 4th Earl Buchan 1279-1340 (18) , John Capet II Duke Brittany 1239-1305 (59) , Philip Darcy, Robert Fitzroger, Roger Fitzwalter, Simon Fraser -1306, Aymer Valence 2nd Earl Pembroke 1275-1324 (23) , John Wake 1st Baron Wake Liddell 1268-1300 (30) and Henry Lacy 3rd Earl Lincoln, 4th Earl Salisbury 1251-1311 (47) . William Scrope 1245-1312 (53) was knighted. Of the Scottish army John Stewart -1298 was killed. William Boyd 4th Earl Kilmarnock 1705-1746 fought.