1130-1199 Anarchy and Crusades

22 Dec 1135 Coronation of Stephen (Westminster Abbey, Westminster)

On 22 Dec 1135 Stephen I King England 1094-1154 (41) was crowned I King England: Blois at Westminster Abbey, Westminster

22 Aug 1138 Battle of the Standard aka Northallerton) (Cowton Moor, Northallerton, Yorkshire)

On 22 Aug 1138 William "Fat" Blois 1st Earl Albermarle aka Aumale, 1st Earl York 1101-1179 (37) fought at Cowton Moor, Northallerton, Yorkshire during the Battle of the Standard aka Northallerton). William "The Younger" Peverell 1080-1155 (58) and Robert III Stuteville -1186 commanded the English forces. David I King Scotland 1084-1153 (54) and his son Henry Dunkeld 3rd Earl Huntingdon, 4th Earl Northumberland 1114-1152 (24) fought on the Scottish side. The name of the battle is derived from the Standards (banners) of the Bishops of Durham, York, Beverly and Ripon which were flown from a mast mounted on a cart. A victory for the English.

1142 Massacre at Vitry-le-François

In 1142 the forces of Louis VII King Franks 1120-1180 (22) seized Vitry-le-François. Over 1000 residents were killed when the church in which they had sought protection was set on fire.

02 Feb 1141 First Battle of Lincoln (Lincoln, Lincolnshire)

On 02 Feb 1141 the army of Empress Matilda Duchess Normandy 1102-1167 (38) commanded by Robert Normandy 1st Earl Gloucester 1099-1147 (41) defeated the army of Stephen I King England 1094-1154 (47) . Matilda's army included Ranulf Gernon 4th Earl Chester 1099-1153 (42) and Madog ap Maredudd Mathrafal Prince Powys -1160. Stephen I King England 1094-1154 (47) , Gilbert Gaunt 1st Earl Lincoln 1126-1156 (15) , William "The Younger" Peverell 1080-1155 (61) and Ilbert Lacy 3rd Baron Lacy -1141 were captured. William "Fat" Blois 1st Earl Albermarle aka Aumale, 1st Earl York 1101-1179 (40) fought for Stephen, his cousin.

11 Mar 1152 Louis and Eleanor's Marriage Dissolved (Beaugency, Loiret)

On 11 Mar 1152 the marriage of Louis VII King Franks 1120-1180 (32) and Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks, Queen Consort England 1122-1204 (30) was dissolved by Hugh Toucy Archbishop Sens -1168 in Beaugency, Loiret on the grounds of consanguinity. Both Louis and Eleanor were present as were the Archbishops of Rouen and Bordeaux. Samson Mauvoison Archbishop Reims -1161 acted on behalf of Eleanor. In dissolving the marriage Louis lost control of the Duchy of Aquitaine which was to have far reaching consequences for the next three centuries.

21 Mar 1152 Theobald of Blois attempts to abduct Eleanor of Aquitaine (Blois, France)

On 21 Mar 1152 Theobald "Good" Blois V Count Blois 1130-1191 (22) attempted to abduct Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks, Queen Consort England 1122-1204 (30) from Blois, France who fled in the middle of the night taking a barge to Tours.

Around 26 Mar 1152 Geoffrey of Anjou attempts to abduct Eleanor of Aquitaine

Around 26 Mar 1152 Geoffrey Plantagenet Count Nantes 1134-1158 (17) attempted to abduct Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks, Queen Consort England 1122-1204 (30) from Port de Piles, Vienne where she intended to cross the River Creuse. Once again Eleanor escaped.

18 May 1152 Marriage of Henry I and Eleanor of Aquitaine (Poitiers Cathedral, Poitiers)

On 18 May 1152 Whit Sunday Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (19) and Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks, Queen Consort England 1122-1204 (30) were married at Poitiers Cathedral, Poitiers. They were more closely related than Eleanor and her previous husband Louis. The marriage brought the Kingdom of England, the Duchies of Normandy and Aquitaine under the control of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (19) ; once conquered. Half Third Cousin

Before Jan 1153 Henry II visits his mother in Rouen

Before Jan 1153 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 visited his mother Empress Matilda Duchess Normandy 1102-1167 in Rouen to seek funds for his impending invasion of England.

Jan 1153 Henry II Sails to England (Barfleur, Basse Normandie)

In Jan 1153 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (19) sailed from Barfleur, Basse Normandie to England, arriving the next day, with a fleet of twenty-six ships, and an army, to bring Stephen I King England 1094-1154 (59) submit to Henry's authority.

Jul 1153 Henry II Relieves Wallingford Castle (Wallingford Castle, Wallingford, Oxfordshire)

In Jul 1153 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (20) arrived at Wallingford Castle, Wallingford, Oxfordshire to relieve the siege that Stephen I King England 1094-1154 (59) had commenced in 1152.

17 Aug 1153 Eustace of Blois Dies

On 17 Aug 1153 Eustace Blois IV Count Boulogne 1130-1153 (23) died at Bury St Edmunds, Suffolk. Probably from food poisoning, possibly murdered for having sacked the Abbey.

After 17 Aug 1153 Treaty of Wallingford aka Winchester aka Westminster

Around Aug 1153 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (20) and Stephen I King England 1094-1154 (59) agreed the Treaty of Wallingford aka Winchester aka Westminster by which Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (20) would inherit the throne on the death of Stephen I King England 1094-1154 (59) . The Treaty was ratified by Theobald of Bec Archbishop Canterbury 1090-1161 (63) at Westminster in Christmas 1153.

Around Mar 1154 Henry Holds Easter at Rouen

Around Mar 1154 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (20) returned to Rouen and met with his mother Empress Matilda Duchess Normandy 1102-1167 (52) , and his brothers. Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks, Queen Consort England 1122-1204 (32) joined them to celebrate Easter with their first son William Plantagenet IX Count Poitiers 1153-1156 who met his father for the first time aged around eight months.

Around Sep 1154 Louis VII marries Constance of Castile

In 1154 Louis VII King Franks 1120-1180 (34) and Constance Ivrea 1140-1160 (14) were married in Orleans, France. Somewhat curiously they were more closely related than Louis VII King Franks 1120-1180 (34) and Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks, Queen Consort England 1122-1204 (32) whose married had been annulled for that reason. Third Cousin Once Removed

25 Oct 1154 Death of King Stephen (Priory of St Martin, Dover, Kent)

On 25 Oct 1154 Stephen I King England 1094-1154 (60) died at Priory of St Martin, Dover, Kent.

07 Dec 1154 Henry II Leaves Barfleur (Barfleur, Basse Normandie)

On 07 Dec 1154 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (21) , the seven months pregnant Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks, Queen Consort England 1122-1204 (32) and their son William Plantagenet IX Count Poitiers 1153-1156 (1) left Barfleur, Basse Normandie for England.

08 Dec 1154 Henry II Lands Southampton (Southampton, Hampshire)

On 08 Dec 1154 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (21) and his party landed near Southampton, Hampshire.

19 Dec 1154 Coronation of Henry and Eleanor (Westminster Abbey, Westminster)

On 19 Dec 1154 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (21) was crowned II King England: Plantagenet Angevin at Westminster Abbey, Westminster. Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks, Queen Consort England 1122-1204 (32) was crowned Queen Consort England. Theobald of Bec Archbishop Canterbury 1090-1161 (64) presided.

10 Jan 1156 Henry II travels to Normandy (Dover, Kent)

On 10 Jan 1156 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (22) crossed from Dover, Kent to Wissant. Richard "The Loyal" Lucy 1089-1179 (67) was appointed Regent in Henry's absence. Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks, Queen Consort England 1122-1204 (34) was placed in the care of Theobald of Bec Archbishop Canterbury 1090-1161 (66) and John of Salisbury Bishop Chartres 1118-1180 (38) . Her party included her sister Petronilla Poitiers 1125-1193 (31)

05 Feb 1156 Henry II pays homage to Louis VII

On 05 Feb 1156 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (22) paid homage to Louis VII King Franks 1120-1180 (36) for his lands in Normandy, France, Anjou, France and Aquitaine, France.

Before 29 Aug 1156 Henry II and Eleanor of Aquitaine Reunited (Saumur)

Before 29 Aug 1156 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 and Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks, Queen Consort England 1122-1204 were reunited in Saumur.

13 Nov 1160 Louis VII marries Adela of Blois

On 13 Nov 1160 Louis VII King Franks 1120-1180 (40) and Adèle Blois were married a month or so after his second wife had died in childbirth; Louis needed an heir. Third Cousin Once Removed

Oct 1161 Henry II and Louis II make Peace (Fréteval)

In Oct 1161 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (28) and Louis VII King Franks 1120-1180 (41) met at Fréteval and made peace.

24 May 1162 Thomas a Becket appointed Archbishop Canterbury

25 Jan 1164 Constitutions of Clarendon (Clarendon Palace, Wiltshire)

On 25 Jan 1164 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (30) attempted to constrain ecclesiastical privileges by the sixteen articles of the Constitutions of Clarendon. Thomas Becket Archbishop Canterbury 1119-1170 (44) rejected the articles.

Oct 1164 Trial of Thomas a Becket

In Oct 1164 Thomas Becket Archbishop Canterbury 1119-1170 (44) was put on trial in Northampton, Northamptonshire by Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (31) on a charge of contempt. After a week of discussion Becket fled to Flanders with John of Salisbury Bishop Chartres 1118-1180 (46) .

26 Dec 1164 Becket's Relatives Banished

In 26 Dec 1164 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (31) banished all of Thomas Becket Archbishop Canterbury 1119-1170 (45) 's relatives from England. Around 400 people were affected. They were stripped of their possessions and shipped to Flanders.

Around Aug 1165 Henry II meets Rosamund Clifford (Bredelais, Herefordshire)

Around Aug 1165 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (32) commenced his affair with Rosamund Clifford 1136-1176 (29) who he may have first met when staying at her father Walter Clifford 1st Baron Clifford 1113-1190 (52) 's house in Bredelais, Herefordshire (assumed to be in Herefordshire).

Around Mar 1168 Eleanor Ambushed by Guy de Lusignan

On 27 Mar 1168 Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks, Queen Consort England 1122-1204 (46) and her party were ambushed by brothers Guy I King Jerusalem 1150-1194 (18) and Geoffrey Lusignan 1150-1224 (18) . Patrick Salisbury 1st Earl Salisbury 1122-1168 (46) was killed. William Marshal 1146-1219 (22) held off the enemy, was wounded and captured whilst Eleanor escaped. Eleanor subsequently paid his ransom.

29 Dec 1170 Murder of Thomas a Becket (Canterbury Cathedral, Canterbury, Kent)

On 29 Dec 1170 Thomas Becket Archbishop Canterbury 1119-1170 (51) was murdered at Canterbury Cathedral, Canterbury, Kent by four knights on behalf of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (37) .

c 25 Dec 1175 Abergavenny Massacre (Abergavenny Castle, Abergavenny, Monmouthshire, South-East Wales)

Around 25 Dec 1175, Christmas, William Braose 4th Baron Bramber 1144-1211 (31) invited the local Welsh nobles to his Christmas court at Abergavenny Castle, Abergavenny, Monmouthshire, South-East Wales as an act of reconciliation. Seisyll ap Dyfnwal Gwent -1175 and his elder son Geoffrey Gwent -1175 were murdered. William Braose 4th Baron Bramber 1144-1211 (31) and his men then rode to Seisyll ap Dyfnwal Gwent -1175's home. There his younger son Cadwalladr Gwent 1168-1175 (7) was murdered and his wife captured. .

13 Jul 1174 Battle of Alnwick (Alnwick, Northumberland)

On 11 Jul 1174 a small army commanded by Ranulf Glanville 1112-1190 (62) with Hugh de Kevelioc Gernon 5th Earl Chester 1147-1181 (27) surprised William "Lion" I King Scotland 1143-1214 (31) 's army in a dawn raid known as the Battle of Alnwick near Alnwick, Northumberland. William "Lion" I King Scotland 1143-1214 (31) was captured and imprisoned initially in Newcastle on Tyne Castle, Newcastle on Tyne, Northumberland. He was subsequently moved to the more remote, and secure, Falaise Castle, Falaise, Calvados, Basse Normandie.

Dec 1174 Treaty of Falaise (Falaise Castle, Falaise, Calvados, Basse Normandie)

In Dec 1174 William "Lion" I King Scotland 1143-1214 (31) , imprisoned at Falaise Castle, Falaise, Calvados, Basse Normandie, signed the Treaty of Falaise by which he agreed Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (41) was overlord of Scotland.

06 Jul 1189 Death of Henry II (Chinon Castle, Chinon)

On 06 Jul 1189 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (56) died at Chinon Castle, Chinon. Geoffrey Mandeville 3rd Earl Essex, Count Aumale -1189 was present. .

03 Sep 1189 Coronation of Richard I (Westminster Abbey, Westminster)

On 03 Sep 1189 Richard "Lionheart" I King England 1157-1199 (31) was crowned I King England: Plantagenet Angevin by Baldwin Avigo Archbishop Canterbury 1125-1190 (64) at Westminster Abbey, Westminster. Geoffrey Mandeville 3rd Earl Essex, Count Aumale -1189 carried the Crown. The Coronation of Richard I was marred by violence against London's Jewish population. Prior to his Coronation Richard had issued a proclamation forbidding Jews to attend. When some did a riot broke out, which spread.

07 Mar 1190 Massacre of the Jews at Stamford (Stamford, Lincolnshire)

On 07 Mar 1190 at Stamford, Lincolnshire during the Easter Fair a significant number of the Jewish population were murdered.

17 Mar 1190 Massacre of the Jews at York (York, Yorkshire)

On 17 Mar 1190 at York, Yorkshire the Jewish population sought protection from violence in Clifford's Tower, York Castle, York, Yorkshire. The tower was besieged by the mob of crusaders preparing to leave on the Third Crusade. The Jewish men killed their wives and children, after which they set fire to the wooden keep. Those who did escape were murdered.

18 Mar 1190 Massacre of the Jews at Bury St Edmunds (Bury St Edmunds, Suffolk)

On 18 Mar 1190 at Bury St Edmunds, Suffolk fifty-seven of the Jewish population were murdered.

04 Oct 1190 Richard I Takes Messina

On 04 Oct 1190 Richard "Lionheart" I King England 1157-1199 (33) attacked and captured Messina.

01 May 1191 Richard I arrives Limasol (Lemesos)

On 04 Oct 1191 Richard "Lionheart" I King England 1157-1199 (34) arrived in Lemesos where he met with Guy I King Jerusalem 1150-1194 (41) .

12 May 1191 Wedding of King Richard I and Berengaria of Navarre (Chapel of St George)

On 12 May 1191 Richard "Lionheart" I King England 1157-1199 (33) and Berengaria Ramirez Queen Consort England 1165-1230 (26) were married at Chapel of St George. Richard's sister Joan Plantagenet Queen Consort Sicily 1165-1199 (25) was present .Fifth Cousin, Fifth Cousin

08 Jun 1191 Richard I Lands at Acre

On 08 Jun 1191 Richard "Lionheart" I King England 1157-1199 (33) landed at Acre, Holy Land.

After 08 Jun 1191 Siege of Acre (Acre, Holy Land)

Death of Richard I

On 06 Apr 1199 Richard "Lionheart" I King England 1157-1199 (41) was besieging Châlus-Chabrol Castle, Domfront. During the course of the evening Richard "Lionheart" I King England 1157-1199 (41) was shot by a crossbow. The wound quickly became gangrenous; Richard died in the arms of his mother Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks, Queen Consort England 1122-1204 (77) .

27 May 1199 Coronation of King John (Westminster Abbey, Westminster)

On 27 May 1199 John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216 (32) was crowned I King England: Plantagenet Angevin by Hubert Walter Archbishop Canterbury 1160-1205 (39) at Westminster Abbey, Westminster .